Writing a proposalDecember 16, 2013 - Posted to Paper structure
Proposal : An Overview
What is a proposal?
Oftentimes, you may hear that a writing task may require writing a proposal. This is a request to get support for any instruction, extended projects or sponsored research. Here are some of the questions that you need to answer to have an easy and quick proposal:
- - What are you going to do? How much would be the estimated cost? How long is the time period required?
- - Why would the sponsor be interested with your proposed project?
- - What difference do you think will your project bring to the school, students, discipline, state, country, world or any appropriate categories?
- - What are the things that are already made for the area of your project?
- - What are your plans of doing it?
- - What are the evaluations of the results?
- - What makes you the best person to do this project?
As you can see, those questions may have a couple of ways to be answered. It may get various emphases that will depend on the nature of the proposed project along with the agency to which the grant proposal writing will be sent. The majority of the agencies to accept such proposal may set some guidelines with regards to the preparation of the proposal. There are also times when the forms must be typed in. Before getting started with writing a grant proposal draft, it would be best to be familiar with the guidelines first.
Different types of proposals
a. Solicited Proposals
This kind is a response to a certain solicitation that is issued by a sponsor. These solicitations are usually for RFQ (Request for Quotations) or RFP (Request for proposals). With such, it is very specific with their requirements that concern the technical content and format. Also, it may require some conditions and award terms. The BAAs or the Board Agency Announcements are not formal solicitations.
b. Unsolicited Proposals
When writing a proposal paper of this kind, it means that it will be submitted to a particular solicitation. It is believed that the investigator has a concern with the subject.
This kind is requested if the sponsor would like to lessen the effort of the applicant in writing a research proposal in full. When this is submitted, it is usually in the form of a brief abstract or letter of intent. When the preproposal is already reviewed, the sponsor will then inform the investigator if submitting a full proposal is necessary.
d. Proposals that are Non-competing
This is the confirmation of a proposal that is original and multi-year project funding requirement in which the sponsor has already given funds for the first period that can last for a year. When continued support is needed, it will depend if the work progress is satisfactory and funds are available.
e. Renewal or Competing Proposals
When writing aresearch proposal like this, it means that it is a sustained support for an ongoing project that is going to end soon. It has the sponsor’s point of view that it generally has the same status like the unsolicited proposal.
Parts of a Proposal
Below are the parts of the primary components when writing grant proposals or research proposals.
- Title page. This must be comprehensive yet brief so as to describe the nature of the proposed project.
- Abstract page. This is a summary of the problem as stated by the applicant. It must identify the objectives, methods and solution. This must outline the funding requirement for the entire work. It must also emphasize the expertise of the applicant.
- Table of contents. This will serve as a guide for the convenience of the readers. It must have the list of the major parts and its divisions.
- Introduction page. This must have the statement about what is the project about. It must be like introducing something to a total stranger. It must be complete so as to explain the background well.
- Background with the Literature Survey. In this page, it is advisable to make the research problem clearly stated, evidence must be given as per your own competence and convince the reader why the previous work must be continued.
- Proposed research description. This must include the method used. This serves as the heart of the proposal. Technical reviewers give attention to this part.
- Relevant institutional resources description. This part shows the available resources for a proposed project. It is also great to present the reasons why the sponsor must select this school or university along with the investigator of this research.
- Reference list. The disciplinary field will determine the style of the bibliographical item. Whatever it is, the most important thing is being consistent. Following the rules of the style must be used all throughout the paper.
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