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How To Conclude a Research Paper Properly?

November 03, 2021
Content how to write a conclusion for a research paper

Anybody who started writing will eventually wonder how to write a conclusion for a research paper because this element is as important as introduction and body parts. Effectively wrapping up perfectly written content reinforces reader’s impression and contributes to a better understanding of your point and obtained results. That is why conclusion may be worth 1/5 of the entire grade for some tasks. Time to learn how this part should be developed in the most efficient manner.

Conclusion Paragraph: Definition and Explanation

Many students are prone to the same mistake that costs them a lot of points or even completely failing grades: they do not pay attention to specific requirements for every section. One cannot search for guides on how to write a conclusion research paper if all other elements look like an unstructured stream of conscious narrative. A proper conclusion summarizes all points raised during discussion and outcomes you came up with. How could it summarize anything if the entire paper lacks logical development and proper structure? So do not ignore other parts.
Another problem is that students often do not ask how long should a conclusion be in a research paper be so that they end up providing a page-long conclusion for a 3-page paper. The best essay writing service always checks their writers’ deliverables to make sure that all papers not only follow MLA or APA style but also have logical structure and included sections that do not violate standards and general rules. Usually, a good conclusion does not exceed 10% of paper’s total word count. You may think that this is not enough, but do believe us, a proper conclusion has fixed structure that can be followed precisely within this limit. More precise example: half of a page is more than enough to summarize paper that is 5-page long in total.

So, What’s the Magic in Structure?

When you look at exemplary works completed by experts, you may discover that they all follow pretty much the same structure suggesting how to write conclusion in research paper. Let’s review what should you focus on:

  • Topic sentence: restating your topic and reminding reader about its importance.
  • Restated thesis statement: be sure to avoid merely repeating the thesis statement from introduction, in other words, you should add deeper meaning as you have already completed your research after all. Reader must understand whether you managed to accomplish your goal right away.
  • Summary of main points: all your argument’s elements that you dedicated body section to must be briefly mentioned here.
  • Implications and call to action: many research papers require a suggested course of action or include directions as well as question for future studies that could help advance our knowledge in this sphere.

You may see an occasional research conclusion example that includes a quote in it and you might think that this is unacceptable since no new information can be presented in this part. You’d be correct regarding this matter but some exceptions are still possible in case this quotation just supports and highlights points that were summarized before and it is a truly powerful statement that adds to overall impression rather than leaves the reader in confusion.
When you hire custom research paper writing service and review delivered final papers, you may notice that expert writers always try to answer questions that many readers ask themselves while reading academic texts: “so what?” Experts always try to make your study’s significance more evident so that you should utilize this strategy as well. It is better to first ask this question in planning stage so that all your writing efforts will be focused on important points and represent them as effectively as humanly possible.

Check Introduction Again

In conclusion paper receives the chance to wrap everything up and end the cycle, making logical connections between all other parts. “What cycle?”, you may ask. Why that’s simple. The best approach would be to consider your introduction from the very first sentence. Here goes the cycle of required steps: 

  • Introduction starts by presenting general background highlighting existing state of affairs. Example: global warming situation.
  • General background should be narrowed down to a single problem within the global scope that you intend to research, households’ impact on global warming.
  • Thesis statement is an important part of the cycle, so let’s say your claim is that households can contribute to up to 20% reduction in carbon emissions. Of course, proper thesis statement must also outline how it is intended to be done.
  • The paper proceeds to the main part of the cycle as you present your arguments one by one with the connection to each other: personal cars’ impact, lack of proper plastic recycling, food consumption. This part is the most time-consuming so you could consider to pay for a research paper and saving a lot of time for other tasks.
  • Time to write a  conclusion of research paper and close the cycle, here is where you go back to your introduction and start moving from your specific claim, which is how exactly households impact global warming and how it can be reduced, to the general background again. But this time you have your results so that the background can be reinforced by useful insights and ideas on what directions should be taken to fix the problem. Distinct policy suggestions can serve as an example of general implications that are based on narrowed research. As you can see, the cycle is closed as we started from global perspective and we came to the same but with new knowledge and understanding of what needs to be done on society’s level.

Summarize Everything

Anybody even without prior writing experience can do an educated guess and say that conclusion should summarize what was said. But those who read our helpful guide will earn higher grades for their assignments. They will know that conclusions for research paper are more than simply repeating what was written in the paper but rather synthesis of gathered information. This is much more difficult to write than simply paraphrasing some sentences from the body part. Do not omit parts of your argument though, it is better to summarize everything using lesser words per point than omitting important discussion aspects.
Good conclusion illustrates what was learned and develops logical structure that resembles the structure of the entire paper to show what else needs to be learned. One must understand that one paper cannot cover the entire topic, no matter how hard you try. There is always room for subsequent studies and strong conclusion in research paper acknowledges that.

Argumentative Research Paper Conclusion

Those who think that last paragraph may receive an unpleasant surprise in terms of low grades. The reason is that different types of academic works exist for a reason and argumentative research papers have certain rules and components that differentiate them from exploratory essays and so on.
Argumentative essay or research paper is widely used by instructors in all institutional affiliations to teach students how to think critically, look for credible sources, and incorporate them in one’s paper to prove the stated claims. Thus, conclusion for a research paper must follow the most standard guidelines and structure that includes restating thesis statement, developing synthesized summary of all arguments’ points, and how they proved your thesis.
Closing statement may differ though. In the case of abovementioned example with households and carbon emissions, one may suggest a particular legislation implementation as the call for action, for example, increase taxes for powerful personal cars, encouraging hybrid and electric cars instead, suggest alternatives for meat production, or more effective waste management techniques. Theoretical papers just emphasize the importance of the topic, especially for future studies. So, now you know how to do a conclusion for a research paper that features arguments for or against any topic.

Empirical Paper Closing

Another type of research paper that is familiar to anyone who studied statistics, psychology or sociology is the empirical study. This presupposes developing specific research questions and hypotheses that must be proved by such ways as conducting primary research, collecting, and analyzing data. Concluding research paper of this type is different because you should not only summarize your research findings but also ensure that research questions outlined in the introduction are answered completely.
This is not all, because empirical studies are always pretty narrowed and have certain limitations. Researchers are usually aware of these limitations from the very beginning but some new insights might appear during the practical stage. Thus, empirical research paper conclusions must outline potential future studies that could eliminate lacunae in knowledge. This is how scientific world works – everything is interrelated and everybody helps each other move further.

Strategies For an Effective Conclusion

As awkward as it sounds, but the most effective strategy for the best conclusion is to write the actual paper with the best possible quality. It is simply because you are not expected to provide new arguments and facts in this part and when you check research paper conclusion outline it becomes obvious that it will not take much time to synthesize logical argument. On the other hand, when the paper lacks structure and proper research evidence, it is impossible to come up with relevant conclusion that follows the structure discussed above.
The most smart approach that an expert writer shared with me when I asked them to write my research paper for me is developing your main claim and thesis statement first. This refers to the introduction part again, since the easiest way of how to write conclusion for research paper is to formulate the list of your main arguments, formulate them as the arguable claim or thesis statement, dedicate at least one body paragraph to each argument, and then, once the content is written, simply use the same outline to come up with a short and precise conclusion. Besides, separating huge tasks into smaller parts like this makes writing process easier and less stressful.

Research Paper Conclusion Example Review

You have already learned how to conclude research paper but what about others? Did they implement all these strategies in their work? Let’s check a real-world example from a term paper in Film studies:
Netflix appears to be following the correct strategy of content distribution.  In order to develop the Spanish film and television industry, two interrelated dimensions should work together. In order to attract the Spanish audience, the Ministry of Culture must not only increase the percentage of government financing for films and shows but also take into consideration the preferences of filmgoers and their pleas for decent quality in both plots and filmmaking. Cooperation with foreign directors and investors, for instance, those working with Netflix, will help to produce high-quality shows and films. At the same time, the national flavor should not be abandoned as it attracts a worldwide audience. Given the tremendous pace of globalization, Spanish cultural heritage, in cooperation with foreign capital, is an obvious solution to create success for both Netflix in Spain and the national Spanish film industry as a whole.
This is one among others research paper conclusions samples that you are welcome to use as an example. Of course, it might still be improved depending on how many more arguments are included in the paper itself. This project could be developed into a specific policy proposal so that the conclusion should be enhanced by corresponding synthesis as well.

Conclusion

Completing conclusions only is not something that’ll help you hone your academic writing skills but is definitely an exercise that contributes to overall understanding of how this process works. If you know how to close a research paper, you either read our guides and tried to do it yourself or hired writing experts who provided you with exemplary works that illustrate all principles discussed above. Understanding of ending’s structure helps to develop a better vision of the entire paper and how everything should be done, which is the primary goal of all writing tasks.