About affirmative action

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The idea of affirmative action centers around the creation of initiatives that benefit victims of discrimination in a variety of settings. In a general sense, it aims to improve the life and well-being of those who are less fortunate. Many groups have faced injustice on a number of topics both globally and historically. Unemployment and a lack of access to education are common among disadvantaged people all over the world. In the absence of affirmative action, communities are created in which particular classes of individuals are deprived of multiple opportunities, resulting in unhappy lives. Affirmative action policies differ from country to country, depending on the rate of discrimination to embrace diversity. In this case, affirmative action helps create societies where all people have equal access to opportunities regardless of their racial or ethnic differences. Thus, affirmative action is needed in the modern society because it utilizes diversity to the extent of redressing historical hindrances, harms, and wrongs committed against humanity.

Diversity

The diversity aspect ingrained in affirmative action enhances togetherness among people from different races, genders, and capabilities. This element helps create institutions where services are offered equally without considering the people_x0092_s differentiating factors. The numerous differences between whites and African Americans have been witnessed, all revolving around affirmative action. To be precise, courts have made decisions in many cases upholding the necessity of affirmative action. In University of California v. Bakke, the lawsuit and juror_x0092_s decision majored on affirmative action. After being rejected by 12 medical schools, Allan Bakke accused the University of California at Davis since he believed the rejection was based on racial issues. As stated by Little, _x0093_after all of these schools rejected him, Bakke sued the school at Davis_x0097_which had rejected him twice_x0097_because he argued that the school had discriminated against him by admitting students of color with lower medical scores than his_x0094_ (Little). Precisely, the university had reserved 16 spots out of 100 for African American students. The school_x0092_s policy was questioned in regards to violating the equal protection clause. The judge did not have any problem with race being used as criteria for admitting students in universities. However, the court ordered the school to accept Allan Bakke. In this case, the court made a neutral decision that protected people from being discriminated against. Clearly, courts see the importance of employing fairness in allocation of resources and opportunities to all people. Thus, the affirmative action concept is significant in that it sets guidelines that different institutions need to accommodate and serve all people appropriately.

Innovation and Competitiveness

Affirmative action plays crucial roles in creating efficient institutions, especially in the business and education sectors. Bringing together people from different backgrounds creates a hub for unique skills and capabilities that enhance competitiveness. Accommodating students from different races without restrictions create societies where all people have equal opportunities, especially in the job market. In this case, affirmative action is a major approach through which the global community can eliminate the challenges occurring the education and labor environments. Despite the challenges that have been witnessed, affirmative action continues to stand out as an essential practice internationally. Both school admissions and hiring processes ought to embrace diversity to structure a credible labor sector. According to Moran and Yudof, _x0093_For selective colleges and universities, the court has acknowledged that a diverse student body is especially important in enabling graduates to meet the leadership challenges presented by the changing face of "We the People" (Moran and Yudof). The fact that students learn in unequal elementary schools before joining higher education facilities calls for affirmative action to be at the core of the entire process. Precisely, the outcomes of evading affirmative action have more negative consequences than positive ones. The subject issue if creating a conducive learning environment where students can learn to respect and accommodate different races, especially after graduating and securing employment (Affirmative Action Has Issues). Thus, stable education systems that embrace affirmative action increase efficiency in numerous organizations.

Elimination of Discrimination

The U.S. showcases a history that is characterized by numerous cases of discrimination against minorities and poor populations. To be precise, the high rate of poverty among minority groups emanates from lack of access to both education and employment opportunities. With all these atrocities in mind, affirmative action has proved to be effective in erasing the dark history of racial segregation. According to Slater, _x0093_From school admissions to hiring, affirmative action policies attempt to compensate for this country_x0092_s brutal history of racial discrimination by giving some minority applicants a leg up_x0094_ (Slater). The judges advocated the consideration of race in admitting students to give equal opportunities. As a result, the university has since then increased its efforts towards offering fair learning opportunities amongst all students. Earlier in 2017, the Department of Justice initiated investigations to crosscheck reported cases of Asian and white applicants being discriminated. This effort is aimed at developing academic institutions that do not take in students inappropriately seeking to favor others. As portrayed by all the lawsuits that have been filed, the criterion for registering students has for a long time been a complicated affair. The best approach is to eliminate the old system that was characterized by numerous faults. Thusly, affirmative action increases the integrity of educational facilities, while at the same time allowing students to achieve their academic goals and objectives with ease.

Empowerment of Minorities

One crucial aspect of affirmative action is that it paves the way for minority groups to achieve emancipation. The best field in which it should be stabilized in is education since it increases the affected people_x0092_s scope of knowledge. According to Alon, _x0093_In the late 1960s, towards the end of the civil-rights era, most leading colleges and professional schools started to give black students special consideration in admissions_x0094_ (Alon). Still, many minority groups, especially African Americans showcase the adverse effects of practices like discrimination and slavery. Also, traces of these methods are typical in various fields, hence the need for affirmative action to be applied appropriately. The author_x0092_s sentiments portray affirmative action as a redistribution policy. Since there exist many disadvantaged people in the U.S., the redistribution aspect should be applied extensively to address all their needs. On a broader perspective, there are lots of injustices that call for proper interventions to enhance the well-being of all races. Having access to all opportunities without hindrances depicts stable nations that value humanity in all areas. Thus, the whole focus should be channeled towards affirmative action.

Social and Economic Mobility

Affirmative action is unique in that it addresses the needs of all people regardless of their status. The focus is usually on offering equal opportunities without curtailing the opportunities enjoyed by the majority. Empowering victims of discrimination through affirmative action entails creating opportunities for them, as well as for the majority. As portrayed by Alon _x0093_its role was to facilitate the social and economic mobility of people of color and women and to level the playing field between blacks and whites_x0094_ (Alon). Today, affirmative action is highly needed to avoid creating a society where people cannot enjoy their economic and social mobility.

The social mobility aspect allows individuals or communities to shift either upwards or downwards in occupation, wealth, education, and other social variables. Affirmative action is a necessity since it enables people to improve or lower their economic status. Every individual, regardless of their race has the right to enjoy both social and economic growth. As such, the modern society needs to undertake affirmative principles accordingly to the growth and development of people from all races (Slater). The subject idea is to embrace unique societal values that reward all people equally subjecting them to past experiences. By following this concept, both minority and majority groups will end up developing each other through their interactions.

Elimination of Racial Tensions

Due to a high history of discrimination and racism in America, a vast majority of minorities dislike the majority. This aspect results from the belief that the development and well-being of whites were achieved at their expense. The pains of lacking job opportunities and access to education have created negative feelings between different races. On a broader perspective, a sense of superiority arises among whites, hence worsening tensions and hindering a peaceful coexistence between both parties. Newkirk argues that _x0093_Still, the beacons have been lit, and America_x0092_s annual heated argument about affirmative action has begun anew, this time against the background of racial tensions that have helped define the early goings of the Trump presidency_x0094_ (Newkirk). Recently, President Trump aired out sentiments that created the impression that he was against affirmative action.

The issue of racial advantages is to blame for the high rate of tensions being witnessed in the U.S. in this case, applying affirmative action in the right manner will help create a stable environment where no animosity exists between different races (Feldman). A sit stands, many people in the U.S. dislike other races, especially if they were perceived to have received favors in the past. To clear the air, the government has no option rather than creating adequate awareness on the significance of affirmative action. As portrayed by the author, both whites and blacks feel discriminated against in favor of the opposite race (Newkirk). This problem can only be eradicated the right interventions are employed in a manner that addresses every individual_x0092_s needs and aspirations. Thus, a high emphasis should be made on treating a culture where racial unity is created to create a peaceful society.

Constitutionality

In the past, numerous lawsuits have been filed questioning the use of race as a consideration factor when admitting students in schools. The reason for this aspect is that all races do not have similar historical experiences. Other differentiating factors entail learning and living conditions, as well as economic stability. Thus, creating slots for a particular race based on its challenges is not inappropriate, but rather a way of ensuring that fairness is applied. Moran and Yudof state that _x0093_the court has repeatedly held that the use of race and ethnicity in admissions is constitutional_x0094_ (Moran and Yudof). This statement is based on various court_x0092_s alluding to the American constitution that calls for equality in the way all races are treated. This concept is aimed at addressing the needs of underrepresented ethnic groups in specific environments. Rather than having huge populations of unemployed people from the same race, it is better to create positions for them. The authors note that affirmative action is an essential practice that has a high potential of uniting people. With the constitution despising racial divisions, the right approach to follow is ascertaining that every institution upholds affirmative action.

Tepidity of Affirmative Action

One primary reason why affirmative action is highly needed today is that its success has not been up to expectations. Precisely, affirmative action is based on positive tenets that focus on improving the society_x0092_s welfare. Despite the positive attributes, not much has been achieved, mainly due to evident setbacks. By observing the learning environment, it is clear that many minority groups have not yet started enjoying the fruits of diversity in education. For example, moderate gains are evident in regards to Hispanics and African Americans_x0092_ enrollment in academic institutions. In this case, more efforts are needed to ascertain that all students, especially minorities get a chance to explore their educational goals easily (Slater). Success in applying affirmative action in American schools will enhance the creation of ethical learning environments, hence benefiting all people.

Another reason why affirmative action should be pursued is that its concept has been emphasized in higher education. Thus, leaving out high schools from affirmative action makes it difficult to achieve positive results. Therefore, the whole issue should be introduced in all academic institutions without ignoring their levels or any other differentiating aspects. Also, there exist many challenges that face affirmative action, thereby making it impossible to achieve anticipated goals and objectives. In this case, proper rectifications are needed to ensure that the whole concept makes equality the core interest of all institutions.

_x000c_ On a different note, affirmative action is an independent concept that seeks to unite all people regardless of their differences. Without an alternative, it remains as the only procedure that the society needs to streamline issues about education and hiring practices. More time is required to implement strategic affirmative action strategies to enhance the satisfaction of all people in education and employment. With all the challenges eliminated, it will be easy for the complaints being aired by different raced to be addressed accordingly (Affirmative Action Has Issues). If applied correctly, affirmative action showcases adequate benefits and no demerits at all. As such, its application should be encouraged since it has a high potential of recognizing different races and subjecting them to the equality concept.

Conclusion

Many countries across the world are conversant with discrimination, racism, aspects that affect the development of minority groups. The affirmative action concept was developed to increase access to opportunities for less-privileged people. With education and employment being significant issues in different societies, affirmative action is highly needed in the modern society because it eliminates historical injustices. It also increases the disadvantaged people_x0092_s empowerment, primarily through social and economic mobility. In various cases regarding affirmative action, all judges ruled in its favor because of the advantages it creates. One unique aspect is the creation of togetherness in instances where people from different races are treated equally. In this case, all countries, mainly the U.S. should concentrate on empowering affirmative action instead of disputing it.

_x000c_Works Cited

"Affirmative Action Has Issues, But It Can Be Fixed." The Overgrown, 24 Aug. 2017, http://theovergrown.com/affirmative-action-need-fixed/. Accessed 25 Nov. 2017.

Alon, Sigal. _x0093_How Diversity Destroyed Affirmative Action._x0094_ The Nation. 16 Dec. 2015. https://www.thenation.com/article/how-diversity-destroyed-affirmative-action/. Accessed 25 Nov. 2017.

Feldman, Noah. _x0093_How Trump_x0092_s Attack on Affirmative Action Could Succeed._x0094_ Bloomberg View, 2 Aug. 2017, https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2017-08-02/how-trump-s-attack-on-affirmative-action-could-succeed. Accessed 25 Nov. 2017.

Little, Becky. _x0093_Why the DOJ is Suing Colleges on Behalf of White Students._x0094_ 3 Aug. 2017, http://www.history.com/news/the-landmark-supreme-court-case-that-upheld-affirmative-action. Accessed 25 Nov. 2017.

Moran, Rachel., and Yudof, Mark. _x0093_Affirmative Action: Why Now and What_x0092_s Next?_x0094_ The Chronicle of Higher Education, 24 Aug, 2017, https://www.chronicle.com/article/affirmative-action-why-now/240843. Accessed 25 Nov. 2017.

Newkirk, Vann. _x0093_The Myth of Reverse Racism._x0094_ The Atlantic. 5 Aug, 2017, https://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2017/08/myth-of-reverse-racism/535689/. Accessed 25 Nov. 2017.

Slater, Dan. _x0093_Does Affirmative Action Do What it Should?_x0094_ The New York Times, 16 March. 2013. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/17/opinion/sunday/does-affirmative-action-do-what-it-should.html. Accessed 25 Nov. 2017.

May 04, 2022
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Policy Victim Discrimination

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