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Technology is one of the products of modernization. It is a subject that has always attracted both fine and negative criticism from various schools of thought. This paper will analyze how technological know-how has been addressed in two articles, one by Kentaro Toyama; Technology won’t fix America’s neediest schools. It makes bad schooling worse. The other by Julia Layton: Is technology in the back of the rise in childhood obesity? It will further demonstrate that though Layton and Kentaro agree that technology has had positive effects in the contemporary society. Layton views it as the factor responsible for the regression of the same community by fostering grounds for children to be obese due to diminished healthful body exercising, while Kentaro views it as having detrimental effects in the educational field. They both made me think more in-depth about the actual impact of technology within the modern society, but I wonder if correctly implemented by competent professionals, whether Technology would still yield the same positive and negative effects.
Kentaro believes that technology has been of significant benefit to the modern day society by making the processes of learning a little easier and efficient for the slow-learning students. He explains that by use of Microsoft software’s such as Multipoint, students from low ranking institutions, especially in developing countries in India, have had increased access to the materials of learning (Kentaro 1). Kentaro draws the positives gained by this particular software by stating that it significantly aided children with spelling and vocabulary pronunciation difficulties. He further asserts that with the use of technology, the gap between the fast learners and the slow learners has been reduced and the students have had an equal and level playing field. Kentaro explains that technology with all its innovations as always needing continued surveillance, that it is not a system that one implements and then leaves it to run, that it continues needs follow-ups. Kentaro views this follow-ups as both the positive and negative aspects of technology but consequently admits that it cannot be a product of human innovation and yet lack its pros and cons.
Layton also believes that technology has been of positive effect in the modern day society. She suggests that it has led to breakthroughs in many matters of human importance such as the medical field. She views it (technology) as that feature that came to liberate man where he was stuck in between the past ways of doing things and the futuristic ways of efficiently doing them. She further affirms that technology has been the drive that has simplified man’s chores and provided compensated time for him to attend to other matters of priority or importance. Layton also illustrates how technology has unhealthily replaced the essential aspects of the human society such as human interaction and relegated children to staying indoors rather than outdoors playing.
However, Kentaro believes that even though technology is a branch of science it has had several positive outcomes within the field of science when put to the test in a practical environment, it has failed terribly. He views technology as a tool that only works in light of particular conditions that have to be created for it to yield positive result. Kentaro further acknowledges that technology is a modern feature that only works through the principle of amplification (Kentaro 1). That it just expounds the social conditions that are already in existence. He further presents an example that if an aspect of technological innovation is implemented in an environment with sufficient resources such as power, competent professionals, and other relevant, viable conditions, then it is bound to yield positive results. However if implemented in an environment with all the worst variables and conditions, then Kentaro asserts that the results are bound to be negative.
On the other hand, Layton believes that technology is the cause of the slow but sure retrogression of the society as it is currently. She presents the relationship between technology and obesity as highly binding since the former (technology) makes modern-day children less enthusiastic about exercise and promotes a culture of being still and playing video games. Layton further compares the modern day kid from the olden day children who would, when bored go out for a jog or cycle a bike to the market and back. She asserts that the modern day child has become accustomed to the comforts of internet shopping, television watching and video games playing at the expense of gaining the merit of physical exercise (Layton 1).
Indeed both Kentaro and Layton agree on the positive effects of technology in the human society, but the, however, disagree on the instrumentality of the human person as the agent implementing the tenets or features of innovation in technology. Kentaro affirms that technology is mostly dependent upon the substratum of the invention itself which is off-course human-made, therefore, has human influence. He explains that the failure of technology cannot be wholly blamed upon technology as held distinctly but also on the instrumentality of the one developing or inventing the technological feature. He asserts that if the substratum of the software is valid, the result will be positive if not then the result will be negative. Layton, on the other hand, argues that technology as held distinct is solely responsible for the regression of the society by fostering obesity. She asserts that it springs from the very essence of technology to ease things and thus made many unsuspecting children less enthusiastic in healthy exercising hence obese. She further affirms that if technology is withdrawn from the society, the human person will recover from its adverse effects.
I agree on one hand with the view of Kentaro that man is equally responsible for the positive or the adverse effect endeared by technology, but he fails to draw the line where human culpability reaches since technology has been known to fail even with all human interventions arbitrarily. I also agree with his opinion that technology has indeed been instrumental in the efficient learning of slow-learners in schools. On the other hand, I agree with Layton that technology has had heightened productivity in the modern society especially in the medical field machinery and equipment interventions. I also agree with the fact that she attaches culpability of societal retrogression to technology, as easing the demands of work and creating a comfort zone for kids to laze around.
In contrast, Kentaro overlooks the fact that technology provides a shortcut to learning which not long-term effective, that unless student acquires skills using the standard channels of due process the information gathered is bound to be useless after a short while. Layton also overlooks the fact that it’s the human person who wills and develops these software’s to function precisely as they do. They mirror in word and detail the purpose and intention to which they are designed to achieve and hence to attribute the whole culpability on technology would not be valid.
It is, therefore, my opinion that technology as a derivative of human invention is bound to be dependent on the human mind for its successes or failure. If implemented correctly and by competent individuals, it is bound to yield productive results, but if misused it will consequently produce negative effects. Moreover, to mean that is implemented to escape human interpersonal engagements or daily chores then it will foster ground for obese in children and an eventual retrogression of the society. Buy if used to circumvent the hurdles encountered in, for instance, a medical procedure, they the productivity of it would be positive.
Kentaro, Toyama. “Technology won’t fix America’s neediest schools. It makes bad education worse.” Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/posteverything/wp/2015/06/04/technology-wont-fix-americas-neediest-schools-it-makes-bad-education-worse/?utm_term=.837f4389e4c7
Julia, Layton. “Is technology behind the rise in childhood obesity?” retrieved from https://electronics.howstuffworks.com/family-tech/tech-effects-on-family/technology-behind-rise-of-childhood-obesity.htm
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