Gastroenterology Paper

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Metabolic Syndrome and Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Metabolic syndrome is linked to several cardiovascular risk factors, most of which are linked to obesity and insulin resistance. Disorder X is another name for it. The disease is often linked to type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular events, and it has several effects on the liver. It's also linked to a slew of conditions, including obesity, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure—all of these factors together increase the risk of stroke, diabetes, and heart disease. Patients with metabolic disorders have a five-fold increased risk of diabetes and a two-fold increased risk of stroke and heart failure. Similarly, the metabolic disorder was thought to affect adults, such as adults primarily "influencing grown-ups, for example, Mary who is 68 years old.

Chronic Liver Disease and Metabolic Disorder

On the other hand, chronic liver disease is considered to be a manifestation of the metabolic disorder. It is characterized by the accumulation of triglyceride, and some of the symptoms include hepatic injury, inflammation, and repair. Furthermore, if left untreated for a long time, it can lead to the development of liver cirrhosis. In addition, it is the procedure of the liver that includes a dynamic pulverization process and recovery of the liver parenchyma which may result in fibrosis and cirrhosis. Liver Cirrhosis can go on even to a maximum of six months. From my observation, Mary has the symptoms of Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) which is characterized by the side effects of being non-alcoholic, vomiting of blood. Apart from that, we see that Mary experiences liver cirrhosis which has come as a result of chronic liver infection.

Relationship Between Gertha's Chronic Liver Disease and Mary's Symptoms

Gertha's ceaseless liver ailment supposedly is identifying with Mary's Haematemesis to some extent since the side effects of Mary's disease demonstrates the relationship. Perpetual liver ailment comprises of an extensive variety of liver diseases that include; cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma and incessant hepatitis (aggravation), which are obvious from Mary's symptoms. In this case, we see that her ailment has a relationship to gertha's interminable liver disease.

Long-Term Effects of Liver Cirrhosis and Hematemesis

Haematemesis has continued for so long for Mary's situation which is because of her endless illnesses, for example, liver cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is a condition in which the liver does not work legitimately because of long haul harm. This harm is portrayed by the substitution of typical liver tissue by scar tissue. Regularly, the disease grows gradually over months or years. In this case, hematemesis is likewise observed to be long haul thus influencing ordinary liver working. Also, haematemesis can be caused, in Mary's case, due to an ulcer that has developed in her stomach wall. The ulcer may bleed heavily and is sometimes caused by anti-inflammatory medicines such as the ones Mary was prescribed to take.

Ascites and its Relationship to Chronic Liver Disease

Ascites is a term acquired from a horological term that stands for the gathering of the liquid in the peritoneal depression that may fill to the volume of 25ml. It is regularly caused by Cirrhosis, and this explains why Mary has constant liver ailments. The constant liver ailments in Mary's case also result in other diseases such as the Budd-Chiari disorder. As observed, Mary's fluid was substantially more in the peritoneal hole as she had 4 litres which were more than the ordinary which is often 25ml. Finally, this leads us to a conclusion that Mary's ascites are as a result of her ceaseless liver infection.

July 20, 2022




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