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How a current information system used in the delivery of patient care contributes to improved patient outcomes. According to Gerrish, & Lacey (2010), the continuous speedy changes in IT reflect important progress in healthcare delivery along with the practice of nursing (Gerrish, & Lacey, 2010). The application of patient monitoring devices, EHR, robotics, data managing resources, as well as ready access to existing science are some illustrations of how technology is applied in provision of care to patients across several sceneries. The manner in which the technology will carry on to interface with nursing care, future practice as well as research is momentous to promoting the occupation as well as upholding high quality of delivery and standards.
As stated by Al-rawajfah, Aloush, & Hewitt (2015), Information system supports the evidence-based practice in the healthcare sector to improve the patient outcome. Information systems used in delivery of patient care capture, alter and uphold statistics at three levels: knowledge, processed data and raw data, and the validity of raw data determines the nature of processed records and the info shall be regarded as correspondent to evidence (Al-rawajfah, Aloush, & Hewitt, 2015). Knowledge is info (evidence) within the setting as it can be perceived as intellectual concepts of higher orders, in which substantiation from several fields as well as sources are connected, legalized, also interrelated to established systematic truth, hence becoming a commonly acknowledged body of information. Knowledge together with info administration is at the center of healthcare staff’s practical practice, rational and professional (Al-rawajfah, Aloush, & Hewitt, 2015). To place this in appropriate view, the idea of info as the indispensable element of decision-making, considers the pricey faults that emerge from incomplete info of the nearly one trillion dollars used on USA’s healthcare in 1998. From a wider view, EBP decisions include sources of info such as those derived from illegal sites as well as from use of ‘information engineering’ technology to scientific as well as managerial sources of health figures and additional resources. Info system that emerges from internet-centered collaborative health communiqué offers great prospective to access evidence-based information on demand, and this comprise the likelihood to create clearing houses of public domain info resources, tools and materials and an improved capacity to offer prevalent dissemination as well as instant updating o functions to improve patient outcomes
Spectrum of Information Technology and applications to support evidence based practice
In addition, nurses use information technology to define safety within the context of outcome as stated by Samuels et al (2015). ICTs represent all digital know-hows that support the electronic capture, stowage, processing, as well as interchange of info to support health, prevent ailment, treat diseases, and to handle chronic ailments (Samuels et al (2015). Within the health segment, Information Communication and Technologies (ICTs) refer to sets of services and projects that permit for telehealth (remote care), transfer of knowledge and interdisciplinary medical support. The application of Information Communication and Technologies (ICTs) has the capacity to stimulate patient-centered health care at lower costs, progress quality of care, as well as knowledge sharing, edify health professional also patient, inspire a different form of affiliation between patients as well as their health provider, also decrease travel duration. In spite of these eminent advantages, the execution of Information Communication Technologies in practice remains hard and includes modifications at dissimilar levels, comprising respect to healthcare organization, health care providers, and patients. Nurse constitutes the biggest health provider groups of the health care personnel, and this signifies a significant target for the Information Communication and Technology execution process. Nurses are coerced to manage with the introductions of Information Technology and Communications in nursing care such as telecare technologies that have effects on nursing practice (Campbell, 2013).
Moreover, study by Dalrymple, (2011) states that nurse leaders and nurse informaticists use information technology and evidence-based practice to improve patient outcome as shown by the recent inducements provided by HITECH Act have occasioned in swift development in the progress and execution of the Electronic Health Records. Nurse leader study began to validate that efficient application of the Electronic Health Record that improves the outcomes of significance to patients, such as falls, and pressure ulcers. Moreover, Campbell, (2013) evaluates the effect of Electronic Health Record in twenty-nine Permanente hospices on procedure besides outcome evidence for patient fall as well as hospice acquired pressure ulcers (Campbell, 2013). They established that Electronic Health Record system was linked with upgraded documentation of falls as well as pressure ulcer risks evaluated and statistically important improvement for pressure ulcer risk assessment documentations. The use of HER has decreased hospital acquired pressure ulcer by 13%. Gerontological nurse specialists influence significant outcome and normalize the manner they evaluate and manage older patients by offering inputs which evidence-based assessments besides decisions support tools are entrenched into Electronic Health Record. Use of such tools stimulates the caregivers to evaluate significant parameters, overtime, and records produced all through the standardized assessment as well as documentations permit the study and information generation using large dataset across time and setting.
Finally, involving nurses who are at the point of care in all stages of introducing new technologies eases the smooth changeover to application of novel technologies and upsurges ‘buy-in of the system’. Nurses adopt new technologies faster that changes the work setting and to improved patient outcome.
Al-rawajfah, O. M., Aloush, S., & Hewitt, J. B. (2015). Use of electronic health-related datasets in nursing and health-related research. Western journal of nursing research, 37(7), 952-983.
Campbell, R. J. (2013). Defining health informatics. Journal of AHIMA, 84(2), 28.
Dalrymple, P. W. (2011). Data, information, knowledge: The emerging field of health informatics. Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 37(5), 41-44.
Dunn, S. L., Arslanian-Engoren, C., DeKoekkoek, T., Jadack, R., & Scott, L. D. (2015). Secondary data analysis as an efficient and effective approach to nursing research. Western journal of nursing research, 37(10), 1295-1307.
Gerrish, K., & Lacey, A. (2010). The research process in nursing. John Wiley & Sons.
Samuels, J. G., McGrath, R. J., Fetzer, S. J., Mittal, P., & Bourgoine, D. (2015). Using the electronic health record in nursing research: Challenges and opportunities. Western journal of nursing research, 37(10), 1284-1294.
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