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Human Diversity Biology

The fraction of human genetic variations due to population variation is unsure, and people from different cultures could be more genetically linked than people from a similar population. This is because no single feature or gene will make members of a specific race different. In comparison to animals, people have not evolved into separate subspecies. In addition, people are going, mixing up, and mixing the genes randomly. The fact that humans are the most similar species under the skin does not change. It makes no sense to group humans the same way they are for animals because they have all a genetic similarity. Even though they may be different in skin color or other bodily structures, they all portray similar characteristics.
Research dwelling on socially built race-based findings is rather misconstrued since it does not offer accurate information. The fact that genetic data does not differentiate the racial schemes further indicates the similarity between different populations. Though specific geographic differences exist that are also instrumental in certain diseases, none indicates that race can classify people. Human biodiversity implies that human populations are unique regarding the genomes, gene patterns, micro-biomes, epigenomes, and phenomes. Not even identical twins have the same of the traits mentioned. Even with the differences, humans are still the most similar creatures with a long chain of different genetic traits (Graves, 2006).
From the quiz, two fundamental concepts that can be comprehended entail socially built race-based research and genetic-based studies. These two concepts try to explain the human biological diversity. The race-based studies are visually inclined, but they do not explain what is beneath the skin (Human Diversity, 2003). They only explain human biodiversity through visual aspects of color. The human difference is highly non-consistent. For instance, it is not possible to ascertain someone’s eye color by knowing their height. Similarly, one cannot assert someone’s blood type by looking the size of the head. Similarly, sporting and mathematical skills among other aptitudes cannot be ascertained just by looking at them. This concept explains the flaws related to race-based research.
The other model champions the utilization of genetic-based research. The genetic approaches also try to explain how different aspects of human biodiversity occur. Though the research is a somehow intricate, the outcomes obtained are more consistent. Though genetic variations occur between people, they are more ancestry-based than race-rooted. It is more accurate to trace the existence of some diseases through the ancestry tree than the racial conditions. Furthermore, people coming from different regions may have a similar appearance. The genetic-based studies further illustrate that race-based findings are shorthand. They are incapable of tracing ailments or other facets of human biology (Witherspoon, 2007). A good instance can be drawn from the sickle cell that was thought to be a racial ailment affecting Africans only, yet it is a gene conferred resistance to malaria and occurs mostly in western and central Africa, Arabia and the Mediterranean. Contrary to the insinuations of the racial-based research, the disease is not restricted to a certain race and can be evidenced by the lack of it in the southern parts of Africa. A simple mistake in medicine can result in misdiagnoses that have fatal consequences. For this reason, racial profiling during diagnoses is prohibited in various medical centers. These two concepts i.e. genetic-based research and social or rather racial-based research strive to explain the human biological diversity. However, genetics has been the most effective element elucidating on human diversity.

References
Graves, J. L. (2006, June 07). What We Know and What We Don’t Know: Human Genetic Variation and the Social Construction of Race. Retrieved from http://raceandgenomics.ssrc.org/Graves/
Human Diversity. (2003). Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/race/000_About/002_04-background-01-11.htm
Witherspoon, e. a. (2007). Genetic Similarities Within and Between Human Populations. 351-359.

July 24, 2021

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