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Intelligence of Emotions

Emotional intelligence is the ability to regulate and handle one's emotions under various conditions and pressure that can positively and negatively affect our actions and other individuals (Chakraborty, 2009). It is also said to have a collection of abilities called emotional awareness, which is the capacity to channel and apply emotions to errands such as reasoning and problem-solving. Emotions are collections of complex emotions that contribute to changes in physical and psychological aspects that affect thinking and actions. Charles Darwin was at the forefront in researching on the evolution of emotion and proposed that similar to other traits found in animals, emotions also evolved and were adapted ultimately (Ciarrochi, 2002). In line with modern evolution theory, different emotions evolved at various times depending on the need and use. Fear, which is a primal emotion, is linked with the ancient parts of the brain and likely evolved among our pre-mammal ancestors. Familial emotions, such as a human mother’s love for her offspring, seem to develop among early mammals. Also, social emotions for instance pride and guilt evolved amongst the social primates. A recently developed part of the brain moderates the older version part of the brain, for example, when the cortex moderates the amygdala which is thought to be a determinant of the level of a person emotional intelligence. Charles described the evolution through three principles. First, is the principle of serviceable habits which are defined as useful habits reinforced previously and then inherited by offspring. For example raising eyebrows serve to increase the field of vision, whereas people are trying to recall something raise their eyebrows as though they could see what they are trying to remember. Secondly, was the principle of antithesis, which instead of producing serviceable habits, patterns are carried out because they are opposite of nature of practical habits. For instance, shrugging. The last principle is the principle of expressive practices which entails that pattern is performed because of the buildup to the nervous system which causes a discharge of excitement (Ciarrochi, 2002). For example, vocal expression of anger. Furthermore, in writing an expression, Darwin corresponded with various researchers who include the French Physician-Benjamin Duchene who believed that the human face expresses at least 60 discrete emotions. Each of which was depended on its dedicated group of facial muscles which highly evolved among social primates. Emotions Understanding Emotional Intelligence and how it is measured would greatly help in its application to enhance beneficial outcomes and relationships.

Emotions are important in relationships because they can provide people with insights that are within the relationship (Chakraborty, 2009). For example, when feeling happy, it presents an indication of the type of experiment that derives fulfillment to your partner. Like when people in a relationship cook a good meal together and enjoy it, one will share similar experiences to be happy. Moreover, a negative emotion can provide a cue that something within the relationship in not working thus propelling someone to make the needed change. It is important to feel these negative emotions when they arise and deal with them positively. For instance, if one is annoyed because of a partner bad habit, it can motivate the person to talk about it hence enabling them to deal with the issue constructively. Therefore, emotions can create “filters” that color how we view our partners and interpret their behavior.

The importance of emotional intelligence in psychology is that it can help us to harness internal motivators which reduce procrastination, increase self-confidence and improve our ability to focus on a goal, therefore, increasing success (Stough, 2009). EI also significant in understanding people’s emotions, therefore, we can empathize with their perspective which is also useful in conflict resolution. Additionally, emotional intelligence is crucial for our mental well-being, this is because it affects our attitude and outlook in life. It can also help to relieve anxiety and avoid depression and mood swings in life. EI is important in managing psychological disorders since the whole host of studies have determined that low EI has been associated with depression, low self-esteem, anxiety, aggressive behavior, increased stress, suicidal feelings, poor impulse control and even personality disorder (Ciarrochi, 2002). Additionally, research has shown that different component of lack of emotional intelligence can be associated with various mental health complications (Ciarrochi, 2002).

The measurement of EI has been met with a high amount of skepticism and criticism within academia, with critics suggesting that the area has suffered from a lack of psychometric and statistical rigor (Higgs, 2016). There are several ways of measuring emotional intelligence, that is, EI could be measured using properly structured assessment of a particular group of competency features. Additionally, measurement of EI can be done by applying suitability designed psychometric assessment tools. Psychometric is an approach of assessing emotional intelligence and has two main elements; reliability and validity (Stough, 2009). Instead of asserting a position as to whether the score derives from putative measures of EI may or may not be associated with sufficient level of reliability and validity. The concept of reliability is psychology tends to be interpreted within the context of multiple scores. Therefore, reliability in contemporary psychometric can be done through parallel forms of reliability which is based on creating two tests or inventories which yield composite scores associated with the same parameters (means or variance) (Stough, 2009). There is also test and retest reliability, consistent internal security and split half reliability which produces the standard of error in the measurement of EI. Validity in EI in the process of analysis in psychology which is in line with the ascription of numbers to attributes according to rule. The validity research is relevant to the evaluation of the plausibility of those inferences. Regarding structured assessment of competencies, EI has shown to predict the effectiveness of leaders and managers in many countries. Also, the volume provides a clear demonstration of the applications of EI in various disciplines, which include the education sector, neurobiology as well as psychometrics. EI is helpful in leaders since they would know how to react to criticism and abuses regardless of how they feel since they would be able to control their emotions. An emotionally intelligent leader would also know how to convince and entice their followers and win their trust. EI also enable managers to make informed decisions not based on emotions and also enable to be empathetic on other people hence responding accordingly (Stough, 2009).

Assessing EI would require particular strategies, some of which are similar to measurement instruments of EI. Furthermore, studies have offered a critique of the major issue associated with measuring EI through a detailed presentation of practical approaches that would provide better assessment criteria. Additionally, a presentation of emotional intelligence instruments such as Assessing Emotions Scale, TEIQue, Genos EI Inventor, and EQ-I, are given to analyze the importance of EI (Higgs, 2016). The EI measurement tools are useful in giving people the edge they need to perform in today’s complex business, social and political environment like how to react to pressure. An explanation of the role of EI in the psychology of sports is also presented.

Intelligence quotient has defined the measure of cognitive abilities of a person to understand, interpret and implement one’s knowledge in diverse situations. While traditional IQ test seeks to evaluate a person ability to learn information, an EQ (Emotional Intelligence Quotient) aims to assess an individual ability to deal successfully with others (Stough, 2009). Therefore, for a successful working environment and politics both IQ and EQ complement each other for optimum outcome. It is crucial to note that a politician with a higher EI can convince people about a certain argument by appealing to their emotions rather than presenting facts and figures.

The relevance of outcome of assessing EI could be applied in various fields such as sports especially in motivating athletes in performing better and boosting their self-confidence (Stough, 2009). Societal and cultural implications of EI assessment include increases awareness on how our emotions affect our health, relationships, and businesses. Emotional Intelligence assessments have improved Self-awareness, self-regulation, motivation, empathy and person skills (Stough, 2009). Nowadays corporates look for individual’s Emotional intelligence quotient (EQ) rather than IQ since Emotional intelligence help build interpersonal and intrapersonal skills, and also in the selling of products since they depend on appealing customers instead of facts and figures. Also, emotional intelligence is business since it helps employers to motivate and therefore to increase productivity.

Emotional intelligence is an interesting topic in the field of psychology. It is also relevant to societies since it has a direct implication on people through aspects such as leadership, sports, relationships, and businesses. Dissemination of information on Emotional intelligence ought to be prioritized to improve the quality and quantity of life.

References

Chakraborty, A. a. (2009). Introduction to emotional intelligence. New York City: Springer.

Ciarrochi, J. a. (2002). Emotional intelligence moderates the relationship between stress and mental health. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Higgs, M. a. (2016). Measuring Emotional Intelligence. New York: Springer.

Stough, C. a. (2009). Assessing emotional intelligence: Theory, research, and applications. New York: Springer Science & Business Media.

August 09, 2021

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