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Wole Soyinka's "Telephone Conversation" and Sharon Olds' "On the Subway" are two poems that deal with racism and prejudice towards blacks by Caucasians. Wole Soyinka's "Telephone Conversation" describes a telephone conversation between a white woman and a black man, with the man trying to find a house but being turned down because of the color of his skin (Damodaran, 2011). (The Poetry Essay, 2017).
In "Telephone Conversation," the speaker is prevented from renting the property due to prejudice against his skin color. After the introduction, the speaker quickly begins his self-confession by warning the landlady that he is African, “I hate a wasted journey-I am African” (Moore, 1963). The landlady, though said to be polite, forces him to reveal how dark he is. She wants a quantifiable expression of his darkness so that she can categorize him. The landlady asks him for the overall measure of his skin color, making him feel sorry for his pigmentation. This treatment is ridiculous, as no one has control over their color and should not be forced to feel sorry for it (Damodaran, 2011).
The observer in "On the Subway" is quite bold in her prejudice, “he is black, and I am white ..... the way he absorbs the murderous beams of the nation’s heart, as black cotton absorbs the heat of the sun and hold it” (Olds, 2013) . She compares the black cotton as being all the black people and the sun as being the white (The Poetry Essay, 2017).
Olds further utilizes a lot of racial stereotypes to show the distance between the characters, “he has the casual look of a mugger” and “he could take my coat so easily.” This kind of imagination develops the view of the speaker towards the boy as a possible threat because of his skin color. These stereotypes develop the theme of the ridiculousness of racism. People should not have all of these preconceived notions of individuals based on the color of their skin (The Poetry Essay, 2017).
On the Subway is a poem about feminine ambition. It illustrates the inferiority and weakness of women which propels them to be ambitious and believe in their ability to overcome patriarchy. At the beginning of the poem images of gender division in society are shown, “we are stuck on the opposite sides of the car.” “Opposite sides” shows that men and women are socially constructed to occupy different sides even on a train. The narrator fears males, emphasized by the uncertainty of her safety in the car, “I didn’t know if I am in his power - he could take my coat so easily, my briefcase, my life” (Olds, 2013). There is, however, a shift in tone when the narrator questions who is in control of whose life in the car. She uses sharp words to overcome patriarchy, “or if he is in my power……and without meaning or trying to I must profit from his darkness” (Olds, 2013).
On the contrary, the landlady in “Telephone Conversation” does not show any sign of ambitious dreams to overcome male dominance. In fact, her portrayal is that of a possibly stupid woman. She asks the man to describe his skin color as either plain or milk chocolate, but he answers as West African sepia, confusing her. When she confesses to not knowing what that means and simplifying it to a brunette, he starts making fun of her by describing the colors of different parts of his body (Damodaran, 2011). The male speaker, on the other hand, is quite educated using words like ‘pipped’ ‘rancid’ and ‘spectroscopic’ in his diction (Line 9, 12, 23). The speaker’s intelligence is shown further through his use of sarcasm and parody in response to the landlady’s questions. He includes subtle meanings in his speech, claiming politeness the entire time (Damodaran, 2011).
Reference (on its own page)
Damodaran, R. (2011). Telephone Conversation. Slideshare.net. Retrieved 3 April 2017, from https://www.slideshare.net/drkppt/telephone-conversation
The Poetry Essay. (2017) Retrieved from https://d2ct263enury6r.cloudfront.net/IHFupKyAFag4HkSKSYg3Dv2GCYtYq57H68YlMaukmOPThXs9.pdf
Olds, S. (2013). Gold cell. New York: Knopf.
Moore, G. (1963). Modern Poetry from Africa (1st ed.). Penguin Books.
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