Effects of Human Activities on the Preservation of Wildlife Animals

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Natural resources and treasures require proper utilization and maintenance of exploitation. The considerations for conservation are the ecological and life gifts that are made available naturally; they include the wildlife, water, minerals, and other natural resources. People exploit the funds for personal gain to make quick income. For example, people who exploit the wildlife animals- poachers kill the animals to gain specific products that are valuable in the market. A poacher kills a rhino in Africa to get the rhino horns to sell in the Asian countries. The need for conservation has risen for the past few years due to research predicting the exhaust of the resources. Activists and relevant authorities spearhead the movement and implementation of protection of the values. The paper covers the effects of human beings on the preservation of wildlife animals.

Human activities influence the direction of ecology-the surrounding resources. People engage in daily activities to satisfy their needs and demands. During the process of self-satisfaction, the actions of the operations by the humans, the impacts are either positive or harmful to the environment and relevant resources in the background(Ferreira & Greaver, 2011, 193). The activities contribute to the well-being of the ecosystem are said to be friendly activities and as a result, cause a positive impact on the environment. On the other side, the human activities that negatively affect the better part of the ecosystem are said to be weak human treatments. The events that influence environmental conditions in one way or the other affect the well-being of the human race. For instance, cutting down of trees (deforestation) results in environmental degradation and result in drought and poor weather(Borchers et al., 1998, 1209). The actions of other people may motivate or discourage the completeness of nature.

Case study

The research is based on the survey of rhino conservation in Africa. For the past few years, Africa has had problems and related issues to poaching of the African rhino. One of the continent’s sources of income is tourism. Foreigners from the western countries and the rest of the world explore and visit the mainland due to wildlife services(Blake et al., 2007, 945-6). The natural hybrid of the rhino species are unique and attract visitors as tours.

Importance of rhino conservation

As a result of tours and visit to the continent, the foreigners get attracted to the species and tend to like the scenery of the creatures. Rhinos play a vital role in the ecosystem and the wild animals interdepend on it for survival. The species provide a friendly environment for other species that rhinos share environment(Ferreira & van Aarde, 2008, 823). Both rhinos and the related species form an umbrella that makes them share the environmental privileges.

Second, it is vital to retain the ecological gift. Just like it is essential to protect and safeguard other mammals and creatures, so it is to the rhinos. The future generations need to accommodate the species in its time(Ferreira & Funston, 2010, 195). Conserving the rhino grants the next generation opportunities that may arise from hosting the rhino.

Third, the rhinos form a tourist attraction base. The big five of the mammals on the land is among the rhinos. Other big five animals are lion, elephant, leopard, and buffalo. Therefore, diminishing the animal will cause a reduction in the grouped chain. The generation of rhinos is vital in the ecosystem for it forms a whole basis of the system.

Harmful human activities to rhino conservation.

Due to the supreme being of the rhino species, the animal provides several products and benefits to human life. First, the animal itself is necessary for attraction. For instance, an African Economy where the majority of people live below the dollar, and uneducated. People from foreign places ask for the animals, and it is delivered to them without hesitation. It is easy to make easy money from stealing the animals (Barnes, 2002, 181). The concerns earn a lamp some income from the activity.

Second, rhino horns have a high demand in the Asian countries. Poachers aid the Rhino camp, kill or harm the animal just for the urge to get horns which are sold overseas. The ivory from rhino horns is processed to make pieces of jewelry(Dobson & Lynes, 2008, 178). The texture of the horn is valuable and earns much income to the processing companies. Poachers and thieves engage in activities that despise the rights of the animal.

Last, food and skin. Due to economic situations in the continent, people engage in killing the animals for leisure, food, and utilizing of its valuables like skin(Blanc et al., 2007, 1). The weak minded, adventurous activities like shoot aim and target make people shoot the wild animal to achieve aim target.  

Positive human activities to rhino conservation

However, there are human activities that influence the wellbeing of the wildlife. These activities ensure conducive stay and being of the creatures. First, environmental protection. Measures like the ban on deforestation and protection of wild forests assuring safety habitat for the species. Human activities that cause stress and disorder to the animals like noise and fires are banned close to the animals. Second, governments and activists prohibition on poaching, stealing and related burglaries that take the lives of the animals. The Asian countries have come up with alternative materials to produce jewelry other than the rhino horns. Third, ecology and medical aided research on the habitat(Adcock et al., 2010, 1). The analysis provides information and knowledge on how to care and protect the wildlife without direct contact. Ecological niche demands that living beings need to interact freely in an ecosystem without human influence.

The analysis and study on the wildlife conservation are critical to the safety and protection of the species. The study provides meaningful information on how to handle and deal with the animals. The negative human factors that affect the livelihood of the animals require attention and considerations(Adcock, 2009, 1). It is crucial to manage the wildlife and provide conservation of the indigenous species. 

Authorities and administrative bodies need to implement means of permanent conservative imply to the wildlife. The animals are essential to the tourism industry and ecological balance. Education and know-how to the citizens enable control of behaviors towards rhino poaching and hunting. Strict rules and regulations need to be enforced against the hunt and poach of wildlife.

List of references

Adcock, K. 2009. Status and management of black rhino in Namibia, South Africa and             Zimbabwe: January 2005 to December 2006. SADC Rhino Management Group, Port     Elizabeth.

Adcock, K., Knight, M., Du Preez, P., Kotting, B., Fike, B., Hearn, M., Uri-Khob, S., Hofmeyr,         D., Dell, S., Nxele, B., Clinning, G., De Goede, N., Rossouw, D., Greaver, C.,    Hannekom, C., Marchant, A., Van Dyk, G., Els, R., Ferreira, H., Sholto-Douglas, A.,    Walker, A. & York, G. 2010. An analysis of 18 years of SADC Rhino Management   Group population history data. SADC Rhino Management Group, Port Elizabeth, South         Africa.

Barnes, R.F.W. 2002. The problem of precision and trend detection posed by small elephant          populations in West Africa. Afr. J. Ecol. 40: 179–185.

Blake, S., Strindberg, S., Boudjan, P., Makombo, C., Bila-Isia, I., Ilambu, O., Grossmann, F.,            Bene-Bene, L., De Semboli, B., Mbenzo, V., S'Hwa, D., Bayogo, R., Williamson, L.,     Fay, M., Hart, J. & Maisels, F. 2007. Forest elephant crisis in the Congo Basin. Public   Library of Science 5: 945–953.

 Blanc, J.J., Barnes, R.F.W., Craig, G.C., Dublin, H.T., Thouless, C.R., Douglas-Hamilton, I. & Hart, J.A. 2007. African Elephant Status Report 2007: An Update from the African      Elephant Database. IUCN/SSC African Elephant Specialist Group, Gland.

Borchers, D.L., Zucchini, W. & Fewster, R.M. 1998. Mark-recapture models for line transect            surveys. Biometrics54: 1207–1220.

Dobson, A. & Lynes, L. 2008. How does poaching affect the size of national             parks? TREE 23: 177–180. Crossref, PubMed, Google Scholar

Douglas-Hamilton, I. 2009. The current elephant poaching trend. Pachyderm 45: 154–            157. Google Schola

Ferreira, S., Greaver, C. and Knight, M. (2011). Assessing the Population Performance of the   Black Rhinoceros in Kruger National Park. [Online] BioOne. Available at:             http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.3957/056.041.0206

Ferreira, S.M.  & Funston, P.J. 2010. Estimating lion population variables: Prey and disease            effects in Kruger National Park, South Africa. Wildl. Res. 37: 194–206. Crossref, Google             Scholar

Ferreira, S.M. & Van Aarde, R.J. 2008. A rapid method to estimate population variables for       African elephants. J. Wildl. Manage. 72: 822–829. BioOne, Google Scholar

August 09, 2023

Environment Life

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Animals Conservation

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