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The institutional review board (IRB) concept materialized due to a series of guidelines with regards to human rights in research. IRB is also referred to as an exploration moral code sheets, a thorough analysis board, and a self-determining ethics group. An organization’s IRB initiates values for communication and biomedical exploration connecting humans. The aim is to keep staff human rights in examination study. In terms of corporate governance, a company that deals with information technology (IT) resolves to uphold its performance as well as the interests of its stakeholders and shareholders (Vitak, Proferes, Shilton, & Ashktorab, 2017).
Acknowledging the essence of corporate governance, principles along with benefits derived from their adoption, organizational practices follow international standards and practice and opts for the systemic adoption of these principles, throughout its operations. IRB, therefore, serves a crucial role in the protection of the welfare and rights of human research subjects. The aim of the IRB review is to guarantee, both in advance and by periodic evaluation, those suitable steps are taken to safeguard the welfare of workers’ rights.
Describe the Role of an Organization’s Technology PMO
Organizations normally create a project management office (PMO) to standardize project management templates, techniques, tools, and processes (Weinstein & Jacques, 2013). In the context of an information technology company, a project management officer usually preserves a respiratory for project plans, proposals, change requests, and status reports. By supervising several IT projects, the PMO makes sure that the projects conform to established standards. Moreover, the manager enhances project management capabilities within the firm by offering coaching, mentoring, and training to staff members, aiming to improve their skills and competence. A PMO also carries out post-project evaluations to document the lessons learned and progressively advance the process of IT project management.
The merits of a PMO is that the office employs a systemic strategy to project management in the IT industry. Every project manager identifies their services and products to the PMO; this way the managers become responsible and accountable for their respective project outcomes while the PMO offers the appropriate support and oversight for ensuring each project team succeeds.
List and Describe the Components of an IT Code of Conduct. The Resolve is to Keep Human Rights in Examination Study
The use of a company’s computing resources or organization’s networks must be in line with the guidelines appropriate for that network. Transmission of any data or information that violates any international, federal, or state law is disallowed. This includes material protected by trade secret and copyrighted material. Also, the material in support of or relating to unauthorized or illegal activities is prohibited.
The use of the internet is not a right but a privilege, therefore, inappropriate use of the organization’s internet could lead to repercussions. Before obtaining access to privileges, users are to be briefed about the organization’s Technology Code of Conduct. IT specialists are tasked with the responsibility of deeming what is inappropriate to use.’
Each user is expected to follow the generally accepted use of internet etiquette, which includes (Lloyd, 2017):
Users should not engage in unlawful activities;
Users should desist from using the network in a way that is disruptive to other users;
No one is allowed to reveal personal and confidential details such as social security numbers, phone numbers, and personal address;
Users are not allowed to use vulgarities or swear or use any language that is deemed inappropriate.
Lloyd, I. (2017). Information technology law. Oxford University Press.
Vitak, J., Proferes, N., Shilton, K., & Ashktorab, Z. (2017). Ethics regulation in social computing research: Examining the role of Institutional Review Boards. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 12(5), 372-382.
Weinstein, J., PMP, J. W., Jacques, T., & PMP, T. J. (2013). The Government Manager's Guide to Project Management. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
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