The House Sparrow

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The House Sparrow is a common bird in many countries, and its natural history, habitat, and behavior are fascinating. In this article, we'll learn more about this common songbird. For more information, check out our Sparrow fact sheet, which includes facts about its behavior, diet, and habitat. We'll also explore the female house sparrow genome, which belongs to a pedigreed inbred population in Norway.

House Sparrow

The House Sparrow is a small bird in the sparrow family, Passeridae. It typically measures 16 cm long and weighs between 24 and 39.5 grams. Females and young house sparrows are pale brown and grey, while males are brightly colored. Their wings are long and pointed.

House sparrows are found in many regions of the world, making them a useful model for studies of genomic and epigenetic changes. Early studies using allozymes revealed surprisingly little genetic diversity among North American populations, suggesting that the sparrow underwent genetic bottlenecks. More recent studies have used DNA fingerprinting to identify subtle differences in genetic makeup between populations.

Natural history

The natural history of the sparrow is a fascinating subject, and can be explored through a variety of publications. Enrlich, for example, published a book titled The Birder's Handbook, and Ryser authored a book entitled Birds of the Great Basin. A study of the life history of this species has also been made possible through data archived in eBird.

The male house sparrow is larger and heavier than the females. Males have a gray crest and black post-ocular stripes. Their bodies are gray, with white patches behind their eyes. Female sparrows do not have any black markings on their heads. Their feathers are gray or light brown. This makes them look similar to juvenile Passer species.


The House sparrow is a common bird found throughout most of Europe, Asia, and parts of Africa. Their habitats are often associated with human habitation, such as in cities and towns, although they can also live in the wild. They tend to avoid habitats that are densely wooded or deserted.

Habitat is important to sparrows. It is a place where they can find food and shelter. This is especially important because sparrows have biotic interactions with pigeons and other species. These species are strong competitors and can deprive sparrows of food and water. In addition, they are known to be predators of sparrow nests, fledglings, and adult birds.


The behavior of a sparrow varies depending on the species. House sparrows, for example, prefer to feed on insects, seeds, and grains. They will also eat weeds, waste grain, and food scrubs left by humans. These birds are also known for their tendency to rub soil all over themselves. Some species are even known to take dust baths. They also have colors similar to those of peacocks.

Despite their small size, sparrows are very social. While a lone sparrow may be hard to notice, with the help of friends, it can become a force to be reckoned with.


Superstitions surrounding the sparrow can be traced back to ancient Egypt. The bird was considered to carry the souls of the dead and the act of killing it was considered unlucky. However, in many other cultures, sparrows are associated with good fortune, especially in Asia. The Chinese, for example, see them as a symbol of springtime and happiness. In Indonesia, sparrows are also considered lucky.

Some cultures believe that a bird's flight direction can predict a person's fortune. Birds flying in a southerly direction signify good luck, while birds flying to the north imply bad luck. In addition, birds chirping in the west or the east signify luck and romance.


The sparrow's habitat needs are often determined by the hydrologic regime of the area. A persistent increase in hydroperiod can rapidly shift vegetation communities, from marl prairies to sawgrass marshes. The lack of sufficient water and other environmental variables can affect sparrow populations, but the presence of suitable habitat can help maintain existing populations.

The sparrow has a surprisingly wide range in habitats. It has been found in areas with low to moderate water levels. This type of habitat has little or no overstory. As a result, sparrows may be more vulnerable to climatic fluctuations, such as increased rainfall and drought.

October 03, 2022




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