The Korean War

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The war between North Korea supported by China and the Soviet Union with the support of the United States is well known in history as The Korean War. The historical war occurred between 1950 with the invasion of South Korea by North Korea as a result of clashes in the border between the two nations and ended in 1953. According to Campbell (8), the Korean War has been sometimes regarded as ‘forgotten war,’ while its aftermath is felt even today. This is through the division that has existed between the North and South Korea nations. Since the turn of the 18th century, the region between the two countries has registered war and power conflicts as each struggles to win control of its territory. This power struggle has sometimes been extended to other nations such as China, Japan, and Okinawa among others in the Far East region (Tomedi na). This essay addresses the issue of the Korean War between South and North Korea as a result of the conflict between communism and capitalism political ideologies.

Despite the historical dates of the war, the intents and purposes have not ended and have turn led to an ongoing issue with reference to world politics. This also counts for how the countries align the affiliation and with which nations as far as North Korea is concerned with its oppressive communist regime still existing. The division in nation’s political alignment continues to create barriers between countries, even today as some support and other oppose the communist regime in practice in North Korea. The events surrounding the relationship between South and North Korea are more of the volatile past rhetoric (Tomedi na). However, to understand their position today, it is critical to look at the events that occurred, before the Korean War, how things unfolded and division between communism and capitalist political ideologies that existed. The war was an extension of the conflict between political ideologies with support given with reference to which one side favored them, or their believed thinking. The Korean War can, in turn, be summarized as a war between political ideologies.

Thesis Statement: While different causes contributed to the division of the Koreans, the rift between the North and South has continued to exist today. Difference in political ideologies between the two as well as between their allies in the name of the US and USSR can hardly be dismissed as a major factor in the war.

Different factors are connected with the occurrence of the Korean War. Some of these include the role of MacArthur, a declaration by Syngman he was to attack North Korea while North Korea started the war in the name of liberating people from the US capitalism and colonialism and imperialism. On the other hand, the conflict escalated as a result of the support of both sides of their respective allies in this case the US supported South Korea while the Soviet Union offered support to the North Korean side. Additionally, the existing Chinese relationship with the two sides’ also continued (Lerner 539). Finally, there were the geopolitical causes regarded a significant player and reason for the war between the Koreans. This is summarized as the role of division in political views more supported by their different allies.

Different in political model between US (democracy) and Soviet Union (communism)

The eruption of the Korean War pitted the two Koreans and their resources in terms of supporters. The communist supporters affiliated and aligned their support of North Korea. These included the Soviet Union and China, against the defenders and resources of South Korea allies primarily the United States. The war occurred along the 38th parallel boundary that was established after World War II. The event at the Potsdam in 1945 agreed to divide Korea into two parts, whereby the one that's become the north become an affiliate of the communism which was Soviet affiliated while the part that becomes South Korea was affiliated to the United States and its democratic model of governance (Tomedi na). Nevertheless, the division and affiliation with different political models resulted in conflict as North Korea leader (Kim II-sung) focused on unifying the region by invading the South Korea territory with the support of China and soviet union with the primary focus being to end or hinder the spread of democracy as supported and backed by the United States.

This developed or decision to attack the South Koreas by North Korea supported by China and the Soviet Union didn’t go well in the eyes of the United States. The then US president Truman saw the incident as more than just a conflict between two Koreas (North and South). He, in turn, had his fears the development in terms of not attacking the south under the support China and Soviet allies as a basis for communism political mindset and model to gain popularity globally. Through the National Security Council meeting in the US, the decision was reached to suppress the spread of communism (Campbell 27). This, in turn, led to the US declaring war against communism, and with the support of the UN, the United States become an ally of South Korea in the name of establishing peace, by removing the invaders from communism regime from South Korea (Jager na). Drawing from the initial participation of the US in the Korean War, the motive was to ensure the global dominance of its political model of democracy. More so, the Soviet Union saw the war as an opportunity to stamp the control and adoption of communism model. The fight for dominance between the political models of the United States and the Soviet Union can, in turn, be regarded as a causing factor other than affiliates to control or establish peace.

According to Lerner (523), the Korean War has been just another extended episode of the cold war and the struggle between the US and the USSR. The United States was driven by three primary reasons with reference to the war in Korea. These included; the need and effort to undermine communism. With the massive difference between the USSR and US ideologies when it came to political views and governance, the IS wanted to extend its dominance over the USSR and in turn the Korean War presented the best opportunity to do so (Jager na). This can be summarized as the fight against communism and the desire or competition with the USSR for global dominance. Thirdly, the participation of the US was driven by the ‘Domino theory.’ This is whereby one's country political model is believed to influence other nation’s events (Lerner 79). This was, in turn, the case, in an effort to remain a global force, the United States wanted to influence other nations to adopt its political model of democracy. However, the Soviet Union had the same ideas, and in turn, the conflict and affiliate role the two played in the Korean War. The war can be in turn be aligned as a result of conflict between the two prominent political models of the time.

The truce (Armistice)

The armistice that came with reference to the Korean War in 1953 resulted in the end of the war between the two nations. Xxx identified armistice as temporally cease of fire between the warring parties in an effort to establish peace. With reference to the Korean War, the parties involved realized that none of the sides had the power to force the other to compel to their political agenda or model. The conflict has, however remained despite cases of border clashes as well as sporadic incidents for a period running more than half a century (Lerner 80). Despite the desire and need to cease the conflict between the two Koreans, the agendas of the affiliate supporters of each acted as fueling factors behind the war, which has lasted for wrong. Today, there is a vast difference between the two Koreans an indication of the endless impact of the political divide that was planted from the beginning of the war.

Despite the truce to cease the war between the Koreas, the impact can hardly be ignored as the region ended being split into two unfriendly territories. According to Yi (124), many Koreans were separated on the basis of either communism or non-communism as both sides recorded casualties. The difference in terms of ideologies and development is still present today with South Korea resenting a major technological and economic power, while the North Korea a representation of crisis, militarized country, and poverty. Additionally, the war left enmity between nations such as the US and China as well as US and Soviet Union. On the downside, the war led to the death of many people. Jager (na), in his publication, identified that it came to a point the issue was not anymore about the communism and democratic political models, but rather, the needs to protect the Koreans regardless of their affiliation. Despite the Soviets success in protecting the north from being liberated from communism, this was more of their success other than North Korea success. On the other hand, the Korean War was more of a catalyst for the United States, as they focus on controlling the spread of communism to other regions such as Vietnam. The war resented the Americans desire to do everything possible to succumb the proliferation of communism. More so, the US somewhat becomes a world power (Yi 134). This in turn implies every party involved suffered in one way or another, and despite gaining on one side, other side the loss was immeasurable such as death. During the Korean War, the ensuing competition and tussles between the USSR and the United States as to who was more powerful than the other. Dating back to after the World War II, the USSR failed to trust the west due to their continued attack on the communism (Lerner 76). This was in turn viewed as a fight against USSR. On the other hand, each party wanted to prove itself as a superpower, and in turn could hardly be allies.

Despite the political ideologies varying between the North and South Korea, different other factors contributed to The Korean War. One is the lack of unified agreement to unite or resolve the difference that ensued between the two sides. Additionally, Syngman Rhee boasted of his intention to attack North Korea, which in turn was used as a workable excuse by the Northern part to invade the South. However, as the North Attacked the South, they argued to liberate the South from United States imperialism, which in turn revolves to the political ideologies imposed by the supporting allies (Campbell 24). More, the invasion of China supporting the North Korea was more about self-defense, which was, however affiliated to their already adopted communism political theory. After the withdrawal of the allies in the name of Soviet and US, the Koreans were left divided into south and north. The conflict continues as each of the sides focused on uniting the Koreans under its own political model. I.e. The South focused on promoting democracy by liberating the North Koreans, while on the other hand, the North Korea is focused on uniting the region under its communism leadership.

In conclusion, drawing from the book and the articles used in the essay, the Korean War was more of an extension of the conflict between political ideologies with support given with reference to which one side favored them, or their believed doctrine between the major global political players of the time the Soviet Union and the United States. The war was an extension of the conflict between political ideologies with support given with reference to which one side favored them, or their believed thinking. The Korean War can, in turn, be summarized as a war between political ideologies. This means the war escalated as more of an external force from the supporting nations. The political desire for the US to impact the eastern region and USSR focus on establishing the influence of the regions, political ideologies have in turn been related to the endless.

Works cited

Campbell, Joel R. “The Wrong War: The Soviets and the Korean War, 1945-1953.” International Social Science Review, vol. 88, no. 3, July 2014, pp. 1–29.

Jager, Sheila Miyoshi. Brothers at War. New York: W W Norton, 2014. Print.

Lerner, Mitchell. “‘Is It For This We Fought And Bled?’ The Korean War and the Struggle for Civil Rights.” Journal of Military History, vol. 82, no. 2, Apr. 2018, pp. 515–545.

Lerner, Mitchell. “The Domestic Origins of the Second Korean War: New Evidence from Communist Bloc Archives.” Seoul Journal of Korean Studies, vol. 31, no. 1, June 2018, pp. 75–98.

Tomedi, Rudy. No Bugles, No Drums: An Oral History of the Korean War. Wiley, 1994. Print.

Yi, We Jung. “The Pleasure of Mourning: Korean War Blockbusters in Post–Cold War South Korea, 1998–2008.” Cinema Journal, vol. 58, no. 1, fall 2018, pp. 118–140.

November 24, 2023


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