A Valediction Forbidding Mourning Analysis

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In the poem A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning by John Donne, there is a conversation between lovers, the main speaker says that although he leaves, their love will not happen. The speaker describes the love between him and his lover, the poetic line, the meter, and the sound, all connected to the idea of ​​breaking up and making the lover feel better. The poem consists of short lines, which makes it rhythmic. Also, the short lines of the poem make the simple words stand out more and emphasize more to give the idea of ​​the verse.
Analysis of The Poem
John Donne is one of the most famous poets in the history of English literature. Although his talent may be inferior to Shakespeare and Chaucer, for all its uniqueness it is quite comparable with the talent of such famous artists of the world as Philip Sidney, William Blake, and T.S. Eliot. Donne's poems strike with bold innovation, the aroma of which can be felt today. There is no doubt that his talent turned the English poetic tradition into a new direction. And at the same time, he was a very complex artist, and sometimes a little mysterious (“John Donne”). His poems do not fit at all within the framework of ready-made definitions and, as if on purpose, tease the reader with their ambiguity, unexpected contrasts, and turns of thought, a combination of sober-analytical judgments with bursts of passion, constant searches, and constant dissatisfaction.
The poem A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning has a sad tone that talks about how souls die and tears are shed for a couple in love. Their love could not be measured because it was not simple love; the couple will miss more than just the body because their love was based on more complex things (“A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning”). The separation between these two would be a great loss for both and could emotionally destroy them.
However, the flow of the poems and the use of simple words make this sadness less serious, and the emotions less disturbing because of the separation. The first word of each line is capitalized and begins with a connecting word, as these words hold the idea, and grab the reader's attention so that the next idea looks just as important as the previous one. The importance of the dots is also shown in the annambe used in each stanza (“A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning”). Because of the uniqueness, the poem becomes more difficult to read, and it shows the complexity of the thought, as evidenced by the idea of ​​the poem.
It is good that this narrator's stanzas use the metaphors of gold and the compass to illustrate that even though the lovers part, they are still connected in some way to a strong bond. Gold is used to show that when he is hit, it does not separate, and the same with the compass, no matter how far apart from his legs are, they will still be connected. The same idea is shown in the ensemble to show that the couple is still connected, although they have been separated for some time (Donne 24). In this way, the environment reflects the speaker's thoughts, and it forces the reader to read more by changing the tempo of the poem so that more of the idea of ​​the poem can be learned.
There are some exceptions to the tetrameter in the poem in some lines, where he skipped one syllable, especially at the beginning, when he said “As virtuous men pass mildly away, / And whisper to their souls to go” (1-2), he spoke about that some people are leaving, and I realized that this is a bad tone, like dying, and a missed program symbolizes that someone is leaving. There is no alliteration in this poem. The speaker did not repeat any sounds in his poem to prove my point that he wanted his soul mate to forget the sadness and not mourn their parting.
A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, where the hero proves that the indissoluble union of lovers is not afraid of any separation. The poem is made up of stanzas and each of four lines, every second line is indented to ensure that the poem is not only balanced, easy to read, and stay connected, but also to show that each line moves away from the other like lovers of the poem. Concetti about the compass in the last three stanzas suggests that the greatness and depth of the metaphysical poetry of that time are clearly not appreciated until now.

Works Cited
"A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning Analysis". Literary Devices, 2022, https://literarydevices.net/a-valediction-forbidding-mourning/.
"John Donne". Poetry Foundation, 2022, https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poets/john-donne.
Donne, John. "A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning". Poetry Foundation, 2022, https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems/44131/a-valediction-forbidding-mourning.

May 13, 2022


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