Top Special Offer! Check discount
Get 13% off your first order - useTopStart13discount code now!
Experts in this subject field are ready to write an original essay following your instructions to the dot!Hire a Writer
Causes and Risk Factors of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
The human immunodeficiency virus causes AIDS (HIV)
Touch with contaminated blood or other bodily fluids spreads the disease (semen and vaginal fluids)
By having unprotected sex with an infected human, a person increases his or her chances of contracting AIDS.
Sharing needles among sick people increases the likelihood of infection.
During breastfeeding, HIV may be passed from mother to fetus.
Acts or objects that allow touch or sharing of body fluids (blood, sperm, and vaginal fluid), such as knives and other sharp objects, are also potential risk factors.
Symptoms and Signs
The following are early signs of the disease:
Muscle and joint pains
These early symptoms usually disappear after 2 to 3 weeks. The symptoms that appear at advanced stages of the disease include:
Reduction in weight
Sweating profusely at night
Some of the early symptoms may reappear at advanced stages
The diagnosis of HIV is done using the ELISA and the Western Blot
The ELISA test is done on the saliva or urine. If this test unearths the presence of HIV antibodies in the blood or urine, the Western Blot is done to confirm these results (HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) Infection 8).
The HIV antibodies usually appear after 3 months, but may take even 6 months. If a person doubts his/her HIV status, he/she should visit the health facilities. They should be tested again after 3 months to confirm their HIV status.
The four stages of HIV infection include:
The Infection: the patients have been exposed to the virus though the body_x0092_s immunity still supersedes the infection
Asymptomatic stage: the virus increases and some of the early symptoms may appear
Symptomatic stage: the virus has superseded the body_x0092_s immunity and the symptoms related to advanced stages will manifest
Full blown AIDS: The HIV virus has developed full immunity and the patient will waste away.
There is no cure for HIV infection
Antiretroviral (ARV) drugs have been developed to boost the body_x0092_s immunity at advanced stages of the disease.
Painkillers and general prescription may be used to treat opportunistic diseases that may manifest after the infection
Drugs have been developed to prevent the mother-to-child infection during pregnancy
Abstaining from sex for young adults (unmarried) and teenagers is advocated
Use of condoms reduces risk of infection
Staying faithful (especially for the married people) to one sexual partner reduces risk of transmission
Avoidance of sharing drug needles or sharp objects also prevents transmission
Most people with HIV are able to lead normal lives and even give birth to HIV negative children.
Use of the ARVs increases the body_x0092_s immunity and reduces susceptibility to diseases like tuberculosis. The opportunistic diseases tend to cause more deaths compared to those resulting from the Full blown AIDS.
Survival rates after infection increase with use of the ARVs, good nutrition and a good lifestyle (reduced stresses). Counselling is prescribed to boost the psychological health of the patient.
How it affects the Human Immune System
The HIV virus affects the body_x0092_s immunity. After infection, the body_x0092_s immunity produces antibodies that fight back the virus.
The virus slowly acquires the DNA of the antibodies (HIV antibodies) reducing their ability to fight off HIV virus and other diseases (Kovarick 203). This leaves the body_x0092_s immunity susceptible to any infection, especially the opportunistic diseases.
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) Infection. 2015. html. 22 March 2017. .
Kovarick, Jennifer L. Weiberg & Carrie L. "The WHO Clinical Staging System for HIV/AIDS." AMA Journal of Ethics 12.3 (2010): 202-206. Print.
This sample could have been used by your fellow student... Get your own unique essay on any topic and submit it by the deadline.
Hire one of our experts to create a completely original paper even in 3 hours!