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Comparative Analysis of the revolutions of 1830 and 1848

The revolutions of 1830 and 1848 in France had a notable impact. The people of France revolted in 1830 against the government of Charles X, who favored the royalists and discriminated against the ordinary people. In the other hand, the revolution of 1848 took place with the intention of ending the monarchy and improving constitutional freedom. The article would speak about the parallels and disparities between the revolutions of 1830 and 1848.
Similitudes
In France and other countries of Europe, the goal of both revolutions was to abolish the monarchy. The 1830 revolution broke out with the aim of eradicating Charles X's empire. In comparison, the 1848 revolution took place with the purpose of abolishing the monarchy. Moreover, the revolution of 1848 took place with the intent of abolishing the monarchial government of Louis Philippe. Furthermore, both revolutions ended in the same manner. This is because both of them did not achieve full achieve. For instance, the 1830 revolution only achieved success in Belgium with the assistance of England (Snyder, David and Charles Tilly 522). Apart from Belgium, the revolutionists were defeated by the autocratic rulers in the respective nations.
Both revolutions did not prosper due to lack of an active leadership. Both revolutions did not have a leader of undisputed personality who could lead the revolution to achieve high success. The revolutionists were divided into various groups and parties which were led by different leaders (Snyder, David and Charles Tilly 525). Therefore, they were not united thus failing to achieve high success. They were suppressed by the rulers because of lack cohesion and indifferences among leaders. Furthermore, the majority of the people who participated in the revolution were from Paris. Those people from rural areas were indifferent thus the impacts of the revolutions were limited to the large cities.
Differences
However, despite the similarities between the two revolutions, there are still differences. The 1830 revolution was mainly caused by social and political discontent and inequality. Particular groups of individuals such as the feudal lords and rich individuals received special honors under the leadership of Charles X. He did not recognize the common citizens claiming that he was the leader of the Ultra-Royalists. These royalists helped Charles implement policies that favored them and oppressed the common people (Price and Roger 649). Therefore, the people of France decided to rebel against the leadership of Charles to acquire equity. On the other hand, the 1848 revolution was mainly caused by the economic unrest. Due to the industrial revolution, many new industries opted to use machines to enhance high production. As a result of this, many laborers were fired to allow the use of the machines. The laborers were forced to work under poor working conditions to meet their daily needs. The rising economic discontent led to the outbreak of the revolution.
Also, the revolution of 1830 gave rise to the principle of social equality while the revolution of 1848 led to political equality. The danger of the Ultra-Royalists to take control over France was eliminated after the 1830n revolution. Nevertheless, this revolution did not achieve political equality because the common people were not allowed to participate in elections. However, the revolution of 1848 brought in a political fairness where all people could be allowed to vote for their leaders (Price and Roger 650).
Moreover, the 1830 revolution led to the establishment of the constitutional monarchy in France. The dictatorial rule was eliminated leading to the establishment of a house called Orleans. This showed that the monarchy did no end; it is only the theory of divine kings which ended. However, the monarchy ended after the 1848 revolution through the establishment of republic government of France. The royalties were abolished, and people treated equally (Price and Roger 651).

Works Cited
Price, Roger. "Jonathan House, Controlling Paris: Armed Forces and Counter-Revolution, 1789–1848/Jean-Claude Caron (ed.), Paris, the l'insurrection capital." (2016): 648-653.
Snyder, David, and Charles Tilly. "Hardship and collective violence in France, 1830 to 1960." American Sociological Review (1972): 520-532.

July 24, 2021

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