Cubism: The Artists Who Pioneered the Movement

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century art movement that played in important role in bringing the European painting and sculptures historically forwards into the modern art. Sayre (2015) highlighted that Cubism inspired different types of related movements in literature and architecture. For that matter, it is one of the most influential art movement that was established in the 20th century. One of the most important features of Cubism is that the images are created from different viewpoints rather than the artists staying at one side of the image hence allowing for easy movement of the objects. Furthermore, the Cubism technique allows for the effective reduction of the images to their basic forms. This characteristic helped in making sure that the image that had been painted cannot be recognized any more. Sayre (2015) further noted that Cubism employed to the use of flat, two dimensional surfaces of the picture plane and hence rejecting the traditional techniques and conventions which used the linear perspectives.

The Artists Who Pioneered the Movement

The Cubism movement was pioneered by different artists such as Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso. Sayre (2015) indicated that Jean Metzinger, Robert Delaunay, Fernand Leger, Henri Le Fauconnier and Albert Gleizes later joined the movement. One of the most important factor that influenced these great artists to formulate the artistic presentation in the form of Cubism was the need to represent the three dimensional form in the late works of Paul Cezanne. A reflective of the paintings of Cezanne had been effectively held at the Salon d’Automne of 1904 while the most recent works being displayed at the 1905 and 1906 Salon d’Automne. With reference to the information presented in the book authored by Sayre (2015), it can be adequately noted that the Cubism artwork provided these artists with the opportunity of analyzing the objects by breaking them up and reassembling them in an abstract form. This also allowed for the easy depiction of the objects from multiple viewpoints for the purpose of representing the subject in a greater context.

How Cubism Led to The Technique of Collage

The central ability of the Cubism artworks to develop elements was to promote the invention of collage. Despite the fact that artists who came into the industry before Picasso and Braque were able to represent mass culture in their artworks and applied the technique of collage, Sayre (2015) noted that Picasso and Braque had occasionally applied the technique of collage and they were the first well-known artists to intentionally apply the technique of collage for the purpose of artistic innovation. Following the successful spread of the newly formed technique by Picasso and Braque after the birth of Cubism, virtual torrent artists such as other Cubists, Dadaists and Futurists started to work on collage (Sayre, 2015). Therefore, it is important to note that Picasso and Braque were the first artists to develop mixed-media works, a term which is used in frequently in the recent years. Through the Cubism invention, the idea of whether art could effectively be made up of pre-made materials was developed and that the formed collage was able to satisfactorily question the separation process between art and life.


Sayre, H. M. (2015). Discovering the Humanities (3rd ed.). Prentice Hall: Pearson Publishing.

November 13, 2023


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Painting Artwork

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