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The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is an organization dedicated to civil rights in the United States. It was founded in 1909 by a group of African Americans. Its founders included W. E. B. Du Bois, Mary White Ovington, Moorfield Storey, and Ida B. Wells. Today, NAACP is recognized as one of the country's most important civil rights organizations.
Civil rights organization
During its history, the NAACP has paved the way for civil rights by advocating for fair treatment for African Americans and tearing down racial barriers. Its work has led to anti-lynching laws in some states and the landmark Brown v. Board of Education decision making racial segregation in education illegal. Today, the NAACP is a nonprofit organization that serves the specific needs of African Americans.
In addition to its work on civil rights, the NAACP has a number of programs that are geared toward youth. Its youth sections, which were established in 1936, have 600 chapters and 30,000 members. Its youth councils address local issues as well as global issues.
National association for the advancement of colored people
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is an organization that promotes equality and equal rights for all people, regardless of race or ethnic background. It was founded in 1905 by a group of 32 prominent black men. Du Bois, a Harvard University scholar, was the leader of this group, which became known as the Niagara Movement. The group's first meeting was held in a hotel across the border in Canada, and the meeting was named after it.
The NAACP is America's oldest civil rights organization. The organization's founding president, John Hamilton McConico, was elected president of the organization on February 12, 1909. Other founders were prominent African-American figures such as the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and J.D. Hayes. The organization's mission is to eliminate racial injustices, oppose racism, and fight for the constitutional rights of African Americans.
During the Civil Rights Movement, many freedom riders were arrested and jailed. But many of them went on to achieve success in other fields. Some became professors and teachers; others became ministers. Others, such as Bob Filner, became congressmen. Some Freedom Riders still engage in civil disobedience today. These include Joan Pleune, a member of the Granny Peace Brigade. She was once arrested during an anti-Iraq War protest in Washington, D.C.; she also was arrested during a protest against the police killing of an unarmed Guinean immigrant.
The Freedom Riders continued to take action even after being arrested. They sat in adjacent seats on buses. They even sat in front seats reserved for white passengers. After their arrest, local black residents rescued them. The Freedom Riders' actions had an effect on the civil rights movement throughout the South.
The Anti-Lynching Crusade of the NAACP was founded by Ida B. Wells-Barnett, who was born to slave parents in Holly Springs, Mississippi. She went on to study at Rust University and Fisk University. She was also a part-owner of the Memphis Free Speech newspaper. In 1899, she was threatened with death when she published an article about lynching of her three friends. Eventually, she was forced out of Memphis.
In the early twentieth century, lynchings were a common occurrence, and the NAACP was determined to curb its practice. During that period, the organization formed a special committee to raise public awareness and fight against lynching. These efforts included a series of targeted media advertisements and rallies. The NAACP was also instrumental in passing legislation against lynching.
Legal assistance to Freedom Riders
In 1964, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) offered legal assistance to the Freedom Riders. The organization was formed to protect the civil rights of African Americans. Its founder, Moorfield Storey, was a former president of the American Bar Association and a constitutional lawyer. Other early members included Jane Addams, John Haynes Holmes, and Florence Kelley.
The Freedom Riders, a group of black and white civil rights activists, set out to challenge the segregated seating policies of interstate buses and restaurants. They attempted to use whites-only bathrooms and lunch counters, but encountered repression and harassment. Some police officers even pointed guns at them. Despite the harsh treatment, the riders made it to Washington, D.C. without being arrested.
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