The Basics of Tort Law

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Tort Law and Types of Torts

Tort law is a complex system. There are two types of torts: intentional and negligent. Both are grounds for civil lawsuits. A tort occurs when a person intentionally damages another person. This tort may occur in any number of ways, such as injuring someone else while driving a vehicle or causing harm by ignoring product liability laws.

Intentional Torts

Intentional torts under Tort Law are civil wrongs that result in injury or damage. In addition to the actual costs of the incident, an intentional tort can result in non-economic damages, such as pain and suffering, disfigurement, and loss of normal life. Intentional torts can be complex, but a good attorney can navigate these tricky waters. Rosenfeld Injury Lawyers LLC has represented hundreds of intentional tort victims in Illinois, seeking compensation for their injuries.

Intentional torts are different from ordinary torts, which only require general or specific intent. Common examples of intentional torts are battery, assault, false imprisonment, trespass to property or chattels, and intentional infliction of emotional distress. The key to an intentional tort is causation. The person or business responsible must have breached a duty and caused an injury. The damages must be directly related to the breach or injury. Other types of torts include negligence and strict liability.


Negligence is a fundamental element of tort law, which allows you to pursue a redress claim against another party for an injury or damage. Negligence is defined as an action that is unreasonable, careless, or incompetent and results in harm to a third party. Generally, the law defines negligence as an act of reckless disregard for the prevailing standard of care in a field. In many cases, this standard is the level of care that a professional would display when performing the same kind of work.

Tort law defines negligence according to two different standards: res ipsa loquitur, or "failing to exercise ordinary care," and negligence per se, or "negligence without reasonable care." There are five elements to negligence, each requiring expert evidence. The first two elements are difficult to prove without an expert's help, so special negligence law doctrines can help.

Products Liability

Products liability is a branch of tort law that focuses on liability in a wide variety of situations. Tort law is a system of legal concepts that are formulated and interpreted by state legislatures and judges. A common reference point for courts is the Restatement of Torts (2nd), which is published by the American Law Institute. The purpose of the Restatement is to create an orderly statement of general law in the United States. Its section 402A defines strict product liability.

To establish negligence, a plaintiff must demonstrate that the defendant was negligent in the production and sale of the product in question. Negligence occurs when the defendant's failure to meet a standard of reasonable care results in the product being defective and dangerous. A buyer of a product can sue for negligence if he or she suffers physical harm or property damage as a result of the product's failure to meet the standard.

Preponderance of the Evidence

Preponderance of the evidence is the standard that applies in civil cases. It requires that the plaintiff show that a plaintiff's evidence of a particular fact outweighs the evidence of the defendant by a preponderance of the evidence. This standard is often easier to meet than other standards of proof.

When you are bringing a personal injury lawsuit against someone, you must prove the alleged harm by a preponderance of the evidence. This can be done through physical evidence and expert testimony. You can also rely on witnesses to prove that a particular product or process caused the damage.

Unlike in criminal cases, where the prosecution must prove a defendant's guilt beyond a reasonable doubt, preponderance of the evidence in a civil lawsuit can be determined by researching the issue or by consulting an attorney. The presiding judge will issue jury instructions that inform jurors of the applicable standard of proof. Generally, preponderance of the evidence requires that the plaintiff proves a fact by a higher degree of probability than the defendant.


Injunctions under tort law are a powerful tool for protecting your rights. Courts can use an injunction to prevent certain acts, such as breaching a contract or infringing on a patent. They can also be used to prevent wrongful expulsion or disclosure of confidential information.

Injunctions under tort law can be temporary or permanent. Temporary injunctions are issued while a tortious event is pending. Interlocutory injunctions are temporary orders that stop the defendant from doing anything detrimental to the plaintiff or another party until the matter is resolved.

Injunctions are often sought by individuals who have suffered an economic loss due to another person's actions. However, they are also used when an ordinary remedy has proven inadequate. Often, an injunction is the only way to prevent irreparable harm and can force someone to stop doing something.

October 05, 2022


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Tort Law

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