The Symbolism of the Taj Mahal

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Symbolism of the Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal is known for its rich symbolism. For example, it embodies an integrated union of a male and female that represents both sex and unity. It was also believed that it was built as a Hindu temple. But, it was constructed a bit earlier than that and, as a result, its symbolism has many more layers than meets the eye.

The Taj Mahal represents both the earthly world and the afterlife. The whole complex has a garden of Eden, pond, and entrance gate that symbolize the transition between the worlds. The white marble, white sandstone, and red sandstone are also used as symbolic elements. In addition to their aesthetic value, the two colors also have important Hindu and Islamic religious meanings.


The Taj Mahal was built without using cement. Instead, the architects used a special paste that was composed of exotic ingredients. These included white marble, jasper from Punjab, crystal from China, and simgil (silver clay). Other materials used during the construction process included semi-precious stones such as Turquoise, Lapis lazuli, and opal from Sri Lanka.

The construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1899. The entire complex is comprised of five parts, including the Darwaza (main gateway), Masjid (mosque), Bageechas (gardens), Naqqar Khana (rest house), and Rauza (main mausoleum). The project was designed by Ustad Ahmed Lahouri, an architect from Persian descent and the chief architect. The garden area was designed to symbolize water, milk, and wine. The gardens were created to enhance the beauty of the complex.


During the construction of the Taj Mahal, a lot of thought and care went into the architecture of the monument. Its design reflects the Mughal style, an Indo-Islamic style. The style was developed in the 16th and 18th centuries, when the Mughal Empire spanned the Indian subcontinent.

The Taj Mahal was completed in 1648, with the work of over twenty thousand master craftsmen. Its name, meaning "Crown Palace", expresses both its architectural splendor and memorial significance as the crown of Mumtaz's beloved. The architecture of Taj Mahal is a masterpiece of the Mughal style.

The Taj complex is composed of five major parts. These include the Darwaza, the main gateway, the Bageecha (a garden), the Masjid (a mosque) and the Rauza, the main mausoleum.


Legends surround the Taj Mahal. Some believe that the architect of this architectural wonder was an Italian named Geronimo Veroneo. Others claim that the construction of the Taj Mahal was completed by craftsmen who had Italian backgrounds. Whatever the case, this ancient monument is one of the world's Seven Wonders.

Legends about the Taj Mahal have been around for hundreds of years. Its name, "Taj Mahal", comes from the Persian language and means "Crown Palace" or "Palace of the Crown." It was named for Shah Jahan's wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who was the most beautiful woman in the world. Some legends claim that the Taj Mahal was built by the emperor himself, but these tales have been refuted by historians. Today, there is no scientific proof of the legends, but they continue to draw tourists to the site.

One of the most popular myths about the Taj Mahal involves a "black Taj." According to this tale, Shah Jahan initially planned to build a black Taj Mahal across the Yamuna River, but he was overthrown by his son Aurangzeb before the black version could be completed. During excavations, it was discovered that some of the stone pieces had become discolored and black.


The Taj Mahal is a stunning marble monument, located on the banks of the holy River Yamuna. This monument is a picture-perfect example of Mughal architecture and is one of the most famous monuments in the world. Its location makes it an unmissable sight, especially during sunrise and full moon nights. Visitors to Agra can also visit Agra Fort, which offers a spectacular view of the Taj Mahal.

The Taj Mahal was completed in 1653. The building was estimated to have cost Rs32 million. It employed 20,000 artisans and a team of architects under the leadership of Ustad Ahmad Lahauri. The building is filled with symbols of divinity and natural beauty.

October 05, 2022




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