Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack

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Privileges will have an effect on our everyday lives in both good and negative ways. Skin color, according to Peggy McIntosh (1989), was more prominent than other rights. The author stated that bias has been informed as something that puts other people at a disadvantage. She also stated that white people are educated to have in mind that their lives are normal and regularized so that they always work to favor and benefit other people. This education, however, creates a quiet but significant assurance that these people of high class and even demands other people's favors. As much as this article has been structured to counter racial differences, the writer has a hidden agenda of promoting the advantages of the whites. This is due to the fact that by educating the whites to take out their hidden pack does not cause them to be more interested in taking relevant action in the fight against racial injustice but instead making them to be more relaxed and even more comfortable with the color, for example she says that most of the time she could go shopping alone and be sure that nobody could go after her nor give her a bad time but does not say how this for instance in fighting racism or how such benefit could be extended to black people so that they can feel comfortable and protected as well.

The writer also analyses ways, in which this discrimination and anti-discrimination are being demonstrated in the American schools, and therefore makes a conclusion that tutors, who buy this idea may backup this racial discrimination without knowing; however, as much as their aim is to bring an end to various inequalities, their practices seems to encourage the dominance of voices and experiences of the whites as opposed to those of the blacks.

This paper gives a focus on identifying the whites identity over various structural amenities through giving more attention to the involvement of the white people than to those of the blacks by maliciously attributing that through giving this or through mentioning privileges will make the blacks to take social action that may be of great benefit to them.


In conclusion to this criticism the statement that people of one color is more advantaged than the other is not meant to suggest that the white do not have the ability to act in a more responsible way, but instead, to introduce misjudgment believing that what is more important to black sovereignty and fairness is majorly reliant on what the whites have to state about themselves.

Christianity is another largest group with privileges. Many Christians enjoy the benefit to spend their religious holidays, for instance, Christmas or Easter, outside their workplaces (Larson & Shady, 2012). They have the ability to travel across the country assured of security and free from intimidation.

Gender is another related and common privilege in the society, and women are usually the victims of discrimination (Margolin, 2017). For example, in some communities men are entitled to ownership of all the family property, however much the family has struggled all together to achieve that property, they are the ones entitled to make decisions since they are the heads of the family, for example in Hindu communities (Ram, Strohschein & Gaur, 2014).

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Larson, M.H., & Shady, S.L. (2012). Confronting the complexities of Christian privilege through interfaith dialogue. Journal of College and Character 13(2), 1-8.

Margolin, L. (2017). Sexual frigidity: the social construction of masculine privilege and feminine pathology. Journal of Gender Studies, 26(5), 583-594.

McIntosh, P. (1989). White privilege: Unpacking the invisible knapsack. Peace and Freedom Magazine, July/August, 10-12.

Ram, U., Strohschein, L., & Gaur, K. (2014). Gender socialization: differences between male and female youth in India and associations with mental health. International Journal of Population Research, 2014, 1-11.

August 18, 2021

Behavior Racism

Subject area:

Bias People White Privilege

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Expertise White Privilege
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