An ecological niche

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An ecological niche can be defined as an organism's functional role at the point of their behavior. Furthermore, we take into account the physiological responses and environment that microorganisms have for adaptation (Callaghan, Björn, Chernov, Chapin, Christensen, Huntley, & Matveyeva, 2004). As a result, in general, we can refer to an ecological niche as the entire set of living variables required for organism existence in a specific ecological habitat. A personal niche is a specific space that a species naturally occupies. Aside from that, there are essential differences and similarities that apply to both a niche and a habitat. A description of your niche & habitat and assigned niche & habitat

The United States of America is my niche. The niche of the U.S can be described as one which is dominated by human beings. The humans in the niche utilize the use of abiotic and biotic resources to enhance their reproduction and survival. Nonetheless, my real niche is in Hutchinsonian. The niche is located on the environmental adaptation on the lands with the proper usage of present resources which are necessary for existence and sustainability. My niche details the following adaptive zone like a chance to get food, water, and other extra resources which are needed for living and have less competition. On the other hand, the arctic possesses the foxes, scarce food, polar bears, snowy owls, lemmings, and geese. The species here survive under conditions of freezing and icing weather and climate (Callaghan, Björn, Chernov, Chapin, Christensen, Huntley & Matveyeva, 2004). Furthermore, the arctic niche suffers the climatic changes which are followed by sustained interactions of both land surface-atmosphere and oceanic.

Characteristics to consider

In the Arctic region, is a niche which is described with the presence of robust evergreen vegetation at high altitudes to enhance the survival of the species present. The plant species present in the arctic niche are characterized by the following survival features longer generation lifespan, clonal production, cone shape plants, needle-like leaves and shallow roots for absorption. Such features enable the plant species to survive in this niche (Callaghan, Björn, Chernov, Chapin, Christensen, Huntley & Matveyeva, 2004). In the U.S niche, the plant species possess the following adaptive feature; broad leaves, thin retina, and wide stomata to allow evaporation and loss of water. They are also deep-rooted to allow for their support.

How are humans adapted to the two habitats and niches?

The animals, the herbivores, and the humans staying synergistically in a moderate climate in the personal niche assimilated with the biotic environment. The existence of adequate food and mutual relationship that exists between the humans and the other species facilitates to their interdependence. This interdependence among them allows for maximum growth and survival across the subcontinent. The surprising fact of how humans survive in the Arctic is attributed to the use of the modern tools and equipment (Boyd, Richerson & Henrich, 2011). They use them to exploit food resources, and this enables them to survive in the harsh climatic state.

Difficulties that you might have living in the assigned

The most prominent difficulties that one can encounter when living in the Arctic is the harsh climatic conditions, limited food resources, and the unpredictable environmental conditions(Boyd, Richerson & Henrich, 2011). Among the variable ecological conditions include changing oceanic salinity, melting glaciers and falling rivers` ice. The changes have an impact on the ecosystem, and this makes the humans` survival hard and difficult.

Type of cultural adaptations evolving from living in your niche

The cultural adaption that is found in the personal and the arctic niche include having features that include imitativeness, sociability, and inventiveness. Such characteristics enhance those species to adapt thus surviving in the terrestrial niche and habitats (Boyd, Richerson & Henrich, 2011). In addition, the cultural adaptations that have erupted due to living in the arctic regions are many. For instance, social complexities that lead to stabilization of subsistence systems in the area, technological evolution, and women empowerment and population growth. Therefore, the ability to survive in different niche depend on the social, climatic and physiological adaptions of the humans.


Boyd, R., Richerson, P. J., & Henrich, J. (2011). The cultural niche: Why social learning is essential for human adaptation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(Supplement 2), 10918-10925.

Callaghan, T. V., Björn, L. O., Chernov, Y., Chapin, T., Christensen, T. R., Huntley, B., ... & Matveyeva, N. (2004). Biodiversity, distributions and adaptations of Arctic species in the context of environmental change. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 33(7), 404-417.

April 19, 2023

Science Psychology


Biology Behavior

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