Globalisation and the Environmental Issues

239 views 4 pages ~ 1038 words
Get a Custom Essay Writer Just For You!

Experts in this subject field are ready to write an original essay following your instructions to the dot!

Hire a Writer

Globalization and its Decline

Globalization is a concept that has expanded over the last decade. However, it is highly likely to decline in the future because of the enlarging campaigns against terrorism, immigration, and climate change. Over the past decade, the principal drivers of globalization have been education, international business, as well as cohesion in many nations across the world (Das, 2011).

Reducing Production Capacities and Decreasing Carbon Emissions

Many countries are trying to reduce their production capacities to lessen the influence of manufacturing on greenhouse gas emissions. The states that have been pushing globalization by supporting multinational companies have signed international agreements that have the primary purpose of decreasing carbon emissions. Additionally, global trends are indicating that the service industry is expanding higher in the developed countries compared to the developing countries. The developed countries play a significant role in entrenching globalization. The expansion of e-business further reduces the need for multinational businesses to set up base in various countries since some business transactions can be conducted online. As a result, the globalization rates are scheduled to decline over the next decade.

Impact of International Politics

International politics is set to play a significant role in declining globalization over the past five years. Many countries are tightening their immigration policies in the wake of terror threats and the growing refugee crisis. The closing of borders for some national not to enter in some countries, for example, there are stringent laws that technically bars Iranians from getting access into the United States is responsible for the declining levels of globalization in the next half a decade. Some political decisions such as the decision issued by President Trump to withdraw from the Trans-Pacific Partnership is a sign of declining globalization over the next five years.

Joint Ventures and Strategic Alliances

Joint Venture or having a strategic alliance means that a firm teams up with one or more than one firm in order to reach a greater market share. This is aimed at increasing their firm’s portfolio in the target market as well as taking advantage of the existing processes of the partnering firm. The parties involved usually maintain their identity in the market place in order to advance their global image, while overriding on the other parties platform to increase their sales and market presence. The parties involved usually enters into a partnership agreement to have clearly defined boundaries devoid of the other parties, overstepping their mandate, and some are often for a given timeframe.

Types of Strategic Alliances

Overall, the strategic alliance usually takes these forms: Joint venture where the parties involved are legally independent firms work which closely on a particular project. Another one is the Equity Strategic Alliance whereby the firms involved are engaged on the basis of percentage of a firm’s ownership in terms of equity contribution. The third type of a strategic alliance takes the form of No-equity strategic alliance whereby the parties agree on a common goal for their coming, without involving financial implications and lastly is on the global strategic alliance where the parties involved partner on nation or international platforms that the partner firms enjoy for their business to thrive (Heidtmann & Gesellschaft für Projektmanagement (Germany) 2011). The strategic alliance herein involves that of Apple and with Sony. This was aimed at boosting and taking advantage that exists on strength portrayed between the American and the Japanese technological strengths that the two firms enjoy.

Impact of Strategic Alliance

Sony, on one hand, is at an advantage of merging some of the Apple’s computer software with its newly created field thus making Sony enjoy some of the high-end products. Such a merger has made the two parties ride on the market gap that existed there before and is having a positive impact on the general firm’s profits.

Strategic alliance makes one of the parties streamline their operations thus taking advantage of the market gap, overriding of partners' platform to penetrate the target market. Thus, from that engagement, Apple could learn from Sony how it does its operations to have quality music in very compatible means. Maybe a lesser disadvantage that may arise could be on the competition once the contract period terminates due to sharing of platforms.

Globalization, Regionalization, and Localization

Globalization refers to a process through which businesses and companies develop expand their operations from the national scale to the international level. Regionalization is a decentralization process in which companies classify a given geographical region into a cohort based on unilateral consumer behaviors. Localization is the process of confining the operations of a business to a given geographic area.

Drivers of Globalization

The two reactive responses that firms, why firms wish to become involved with globalization, are technology and politics. Technology spurs innovation (Hitt, Ireland & Hoskisson, 2008). Thus, business growth and politics lead to the formulation of legislation that makes it easy to do and transact business. Market and cost are proactive drivers. Saturation of domestic markets compels companies to go global while cost drivers result from scale economies within the global realm.

Strategic Alliances for Apple

Apple is an international company that relies on quality electronics and the protection of data as an entry strategy to their markets. The major advantage of formulating a strategic alliance is that businesses gain from shared knowledge and increased market and brand presence. The major pitfall is that the integrated strategy that is used by the firm may be bought by a rival firm, thus making the company competitively weak.

Types of Joint Ventures

An actual joint venture that has occurred over the past decade is a non-equity strategic alliance, resulting when two companies pursue the same goal together while remaining independent, while the equity strategic alliance results when two firms merge, thus losing their autonomy and independence (Hitt, Hoskisson & Ireland, 2017).


Das, T. K. (2011). Strategic alliances in a globalizing world. Charlotte, N.C: Information Age Pub.

Hitt, M. A., Ireland, R. D., & Hoskisson, R. E. (2008). Strategic management: Competitiveness and globalization. Mason, Ohio: South-Western.

Heidtmann, D., & Gesellschaft für Projektmanagement (Germany). (2011). International strategic alliances and cultural diversity: German companies getting involved in Iran, India and China. Hamburg: Diplomica Verlag Gmbh.

Hitt, M. A., Hoskisson, R. E., & Ireland, R. D. (2017). Strategic management: Competitiveness & globalization.

October 12, 2022

Environment Problems

Number of pages


Number of words




Writer #



Verified writer

SandyVC has helped me with a case study on special children for my reflective essay. She is a true mind-reader who just knows what to write when you share a little bit. Just share your thoughts and she will catch up right away.

Hire Writer

This sample could have been used by your fellow student... Get your own unique essay on any topic and submit it by the deadline.

Eliminate the stress of Research and Writing!

Hire one of our experts to create a completely original paper even in 3 hours!

Hire a Pro