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The name "Genghis Khan" indicates implied lineage in a blacksmith family. In fact, Genghis Khan's brothers were named Temulin and Temuge, after two Tatar chieftains who were the brother of his father. He was born in the country of Hentiy, Mongolia, and was later killed by a Merkit after being captured by the tribe. His mother was later rescued by Wang Khan, another leader of the Mongols.
The Mongols brought mobility to Asian warfare. They were adept at siege warfare and employed gunpowder missiles and catapults. They even adopted catapults from Afghans when they realized that they were superior to their foes. They absorbed ideas and innovations from many nations. Their leaders had ministers from over 20 different countries, including Russia, the British Empire, and the French. This made Genghis Khan the ultimate strategist.
After defeating the Russians, Genghis Khan began an extensive series of campaigns throughout China and Central Asia. The Mongols eventually took control of Beijing and much of northern China. They also conquered vast territories in the Middle East. They even managed to defeat a Russian prince in 1223. In addition, Genghis Khan also controlled much of the Silk Road trade network, which linked Europe and Asia. In addition, the Mongols controlled much of the territory in the northeastern part of China, which made their empire an empire like no other in history.
Genghis Khan's conquests are described by ancient sources as massive slaughters. They also probably led to major changes in the population of Asia. Previously, Iranian speakers of Central Asia were replaced by Turkic-speaking people. Rashid al-Din outlined that the Mongols killed more than 70,000 people in Merv and a million in Nishapur. During the 13th and 14th centuries, China's population decreased dramatically.
Genghis Khan had many wives, most of whom were princesses. His children with other women were excluded from succession. There are few records about the children of Genghis Khan's other wives. However, he did have a daughter, Borte, who was kidnapped by Merkits and gave birth to Jochi nine months later. The Ogodeids were enraged, but they were unable to unite behind a different candidate. Consequently, the succession was contested and Mongke's maneuvers led to a great deal of strife among Genghis Khan's descendants.
After Genghis Khan's death, his sons inherited the empire and fought against other kingdoms. The Ogedei Khan's successor, Ogodei, was appointed by Genghis Khan because of his even temperament and ability to build on his father's accomplishments. He further extended the Mongol Empire's borders. The Golden Horde's dominance expanded to include most of eastern and southern China, as well as the Balkans.
The Mongolians claim that history is unfairly biased against Genghis Khan. While non-Mongol observers have exaggerated the barbarism of Genghis Khan, they have failed to acknowledge his positive contributions in founding the Mongol nation. Genghis Khan's reign brought about many changes in the culture of Mongolia. He re-established the Mongol writing system using the Uyghur script. Genghis Khan also encouraged international trade.
Genghis Khan's death in 1227 was mysterious. His death was actually the result of an infection from an arrow. Marco Polo wrote that Genghis Khan was killed by a captured Western Xia princess, but Mongolia Origin says that he was struck by lightning when he accidentally wandered into a minefield. There are several possible causes of death for the Mongol leader. The truth remains unknown. Genghis Khan is an important historical figure, whose death and burial place have inspired many historians.
The Mongolian leader and conqueror unified the disparate tribes of Khwarezmia and took the title of Khagan after defeating the Jadarans of Jamuqa. His followers called him Genghis Khan, which means 'universal leader' in Arabic. His successor took the title of Khagan after Genghis Khan's death, who later became the emperor of the Mongol Empire.
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