Kansas City Gun Experiment and DARE Program

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The Kansas City Gun Experiment

The Kansas City Gun Experiment that was founded in 1972, aimed at assessing the effectiveness of the preventive patrols in preventing crimes from occurring, and determining whether the Kansas police resources were used effectively and efficiently in the patrol strategies (Mason, 2015). According to Mason (2015), the findings of the experiment above have shaped today's functioning system of the police department. The experiment above also reported that individuals' fear does not have any significant change in crime occurrence just the same way victimization do not affect the business or residential burglaries, larceny crimes, or automobile thefts (Mason, 2015). In particular, the rate at which people reported crimes did not affect the findings of the experiment.

Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE)

On the other hand, Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) is a highly proclaimed police officer-led program geared towards classroom lessons that educate children right from kindergarten to the 12th grade on how to resist live productive and peer pressure drugs, alongside a violence-free life. Compared to the Kansas City Gun Experiment, DARE was founded much later in 1983 in Los Angeles (Day et al., 2017). However, both programs have been successful in meeting their targets. Just like the Kansas City Gun Experiment's significant contributions in shaping the police department, the findings by Day et al. (2017) indicate that DARE has successfully reduced the frequency of drug and alcohol abuse among the adolescents. Recent DARE's reformulations have also shown success in taking charge of life programs and delivery of services to the youths (Day et al., 2017). In brief, both the Kansas City Gun Experiment and DARE have follow-up programs which make efforts in advocating for effective and efficient service provision and information on a legal basis.


Day, L. E., Miller-Day, M., Hecht, M. L., & Fehmie, D. (2017). Coming to the new DARE: A preliminary test of the officer-taught elementary keepin' it REAL curriculum. Addictive behaviors, 74, 67-73. DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.05.025

Mason, K. J. (2015). An analysis of the effects of proactive policing on drug offenses in a university campus environment. Beaumont, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing.

June 11, 2024

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