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A person guarantees something will take place. The governmental assurances of the ruling party are the ruling party’s vibrant clarifications of administrative objectives, attitudes, and political agreement that are made with the individuals of a given country in interchange of sustenance for ruling (Marx 34). They also translate to political accord extended with the general public in a country. They come into agreement and outline the party’s prospect political activities hence establishing the foundation of political control and ultimately a administration that is legitimate. Whether it stands by its political assurances is a fundamental portion of the political institute of the party, it governing principles and ultimately political ethics. The objective of this paper is to evaluate the relationship between promises of communism and the needs of the people.
Way back throughout the struggle in contradiction of Japan, the Chinese Communist Party which was an alliance party with the ruling party delivered a sequence of demands to the ruling party Kuomintang requesting for the implementation of democratic constitutionalism. Mao Zedong and various leaders of communism issued articles and discussions criticizing the government because of one political system and a system of one doctrine and one political leader. The leaders expounded on the significance of democratic constitutionalism, equality and freedom (Mao 62). The CCP promised that in a short span of time the land would be distributed equally and this sentiment attracted peasants in large numbers. Besides, the party also promised that the control of the production in industry will be in the hands of the working class and the benefits would be distributed equally among the members, and this also was appealing to large numbers of workers that were salaried. The communist party majorly focused on the freedom of people and the right of residence. The pointed out promises were solemn in that the Communist party to pursue them once they achieved the political supremacy. Through the promises, the people of China and other democratic parties showed serious support and care to the party.
The CCP used its wide support among the peasants and the workers and the energies of the large groups to overpower the ones that opposed its leadership. The party rapidly consolidated its single party autocracy and this helped it to win fanatical blind faith among the mainstream of the Chinese people and made the leadership immune to calls for rational support policies (Mao 65). However, despite the early popularity, the party could not make good of all its promises. The party implemented state ownership of land to practice the ideals of communism and this implementation was done forcibly. As a result of this move, the peasant who accounted for 80 percent of the Chinese population was antagonized. Therefore, the peasants begun to resist the CCP in various ways and this was a clear contradiction of the government expectations. In the midst of Cultural Revolution, the party cadres that were located in the countryside were constantly attacked by peasants and majority were fatal. The attacks were retaliations of the broken promises from the CCP.
Obviously turned out to be a disaster as the peasants were unable to smelt iron into steel for tools in the backyard furnaces. Similarly, the work took away the time required to work the land so that made the crops to rot in the farms. After a wave of initial enthusiasm, they reacted badly to the loss of all individual incentives as well as their personal freedoms. Besides, the decentralization of the economic did not just translate to chaotic distribution but also led to huge shortfalls in production that local units were too afraid to report. All the mentioned factors were fuelled by bad weather that led to failure of crops in several provinces. The combination of political and natural factors was indeed a widespread of famine that resulted in millions of deaths (Zuxiang 162).
That could justify the broken promises of the party. Therefore, they came forward with the slogan that stated; the primitive stage of socialism. However, the slogan was not enough to satisfy the Chinese people. The biggest promise that was broken by the party was that of human rights and this was contradictory in the sense that the party had been the initial human rights activist in the history of Chinese. The early popularity of the party was the results of the ideals that it preached on the rights of human. On the contrary, it was the Marxism dictatorship that turned the rights of humans into just a tool of consolidating the political power. The party had refused to share its powers and rights with anyone and that is the reason why protests were witnessed across various parts of China (Zuxiang 164).
Frankly and the ideals of Democracy walls became new banner which was to protest oppression and pursue liberty. The concept ushered in a new concept and tide of democratic activism. The pro-democracy sentiment spread rapidly as a result of not just the broken promises but the commitment of the party to one party dictatorship and to its bureaucratic bourgeoisie. It was apparent that the party suffered a legitimacy crisis after the people lost faith in the ideology of communist. The early promises of democracy never materialized and various disastrous political movements such as the Cultural Revolution alienated even the ones who once supported the party. The party later adopted pragmatic approach of performance legitimacy. The point cab be backed by the Deng who pointed out that if the party was unable to implement the reforms then it would likely lose its relationship of the earth. Obviously, that was a concern that the administration would suffer a legitimacy crisis if it fails to satisfy the needs of the people (Zuxiang 166).
Even if there was extreme dissatisfaction among the people, there were important results of Mao’s communism therefore one cannot say that it completely lacked political legality. However, it is important to note that the promises were merely strategy to gain the political power by the CCP. The party used whatever means it would to deceive the people and gain political power and this made people to be to think that the legitimacy of the party was a joke.
Marx, Karl. Manifesto of the communist party. Simon and Schuster, 2013.
Mao, Dun. Spring silkworms and other stories. Foreign Languages Press, 1956.
Zuxiang, Wu. "Young Master Gets His Tonic."Guanguan de bupin (1932).
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