The Rise and Fall of Adolf Hitler

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Discuss the Peace Conference that ended World War I. What did President Wilson hope to achieve? What were the problems of peace-making? What did the settlement entail? What were the problems associated with the peace settlement?

            President Wilson hoped to achieve a long-lasting solution to the wars between Nations by forming the league of the nation. Consequently, his proposition to have the League of Nation entailed have an overall association of all the nations joined by the covenants meant to afford the mutual guarantees of territorial and political independence coupled with integrity for all the countries whether small or big (Bracher pg56). Moreover, his hope that the league of the nation would create a commonplace for all the states to work towards enhancing peace.

     The peacemakers were faced with various problems that hindered their peace agenda at the conference. First, the 1918 Republican Party in the congressional elections immensely undermined the President Wilson’s position in the negotiations. It made the rest of negotiator deem him as lacking the home support from his own country. Ultimately, with few members in the senate, his propositions were rejected by the legislature (Campbell,pg46). Another factor that contributed as a problem to the peacemakers was the fact that Wilson attended the meetings by himself. As a result, his position on the peacekeeping mission kept on being challenges by the fellow negotiators ultimately he lost his stand on the issues he was to address. Similarly, France demand for revenge adversely affected the peacemaker's agendas.

            The settlement entailed a plan to return all the territories that Germany took away from the rest of the European countries. All the regions that Germany grabbed during World War 1 were to be returned to the original owners as part of the plan to of arriving at a peaceful resolution.

            One of the significant problem associated with the settlement was the approach used to return the territories to the owners. France wanted revenge on what Germany had done. On the other hand, Germany felt like all the land were being taken away, and they were locked away from the negotiation making the whole Versailles treaty unjust to them.  

Question 2

Account for the rise of Adolf Hitler. How did Hitler’s career progress in the early years? Characterize the Nazi party. What was Hitler’s worldview? How did Hitler gain power?

Adolf Hitler served in the Germany army where he got several promotions later to find he was in the political realm. In 1919, Hitler joined the Germany workers party. Through various coups, he conspired to take away powers from the government. In 1923 he was detained (Nicholas,pg138) Nic. After coming out of the detainment, his publication of the autobiography gained him a millage amongst Germany and the fact that he strongly opposed the Versailles Treaty made him further popular among the Germans. Consequently, his party, Nazi became more popular in Germany.

The Nazi party gained much popularity among the Germans as it voiced most of its very concerns to an international peace conference. At the point the Germans felt that rest of the European Nations were against them, Hitler’s party Nazi become a powerful voice for the Germans. He further believed that the German was the superior race thus his motivation to execute one the heinous holocaust. Additionally, Hitler loathed power that he was willing to do anything to ensure the Nazi remained powerful. For this reason, he looked at the rest of the word as an inferior race. It is given this perspective that he considered the Jews as a race, an inferior race that ought not to mingle with the Germans ( superior race) according to Hitler. This view of the Jews prompted him to plan for the Holocaust. Additionally, Hitler believed that the fact that Jews had a connection with the rest of the world, they would ultimately betray Germany. For this reason alone he firmly believed that the Jew ought to be wiped of out of the face humanity. He questioned the loyalty of the Jews severally in his speeches that were always anti-Semitic

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Question 3

Describe Adolf Hitler’s “New Order.” How did Nazi Germany use exploitation and terror to establish Hitler’s “New Order?” Explain and describe the Holocaust. How did people seek to resist the Holocaust and the realization of Hitler’s “New Order?”

The New Order was one of the approaches that Hitler used to rule the most of the territories and countries in the wake of this war, Hitler resorted to using the resources from the countries he was conquering. He employed exploitation and terror to establish his new order. The approach was to make further Germany wealthy and robust while it made the rest of the nation’s weak and vulnerable. Additionally, his new Order was aimed at making the Germans a superior race that will ultimately lead the rest of the world. And, by dehumanizing the rest of the nations and taking away, all their resource Germany saw it as a tyrannical strategy.

The Holocaust as part of the New order plan was aimed at the Jews whom Hitler regarded as inferior same to the rest of the other races. His move to exterminate the Jews was a result of the fear that they were guilty of betraying the Germans. Secondly, Hitler deemed the Jews as aliens and pests who fed on the hard work and success of the Germans. Hitler and his Nazism ideologies sought to cleanse Germany by exterminating the Jews. In so doing they created various myths and narrative to justify why they needed to wipe out the European Jew all over Europe (Campbell pg56). They wanted a pure race that which is not contaminated by the outsiders. So, the Nazi persecuted over a million Jews in Europe to realize their belief of being the superior race.

To sabotage the plans of the New Order, all over the world, Jews and the Jew sympathizers gave the German soldiers a hard time in executing their New Order and Holocaust plans. In various parts of Europe the Nazi soldiers plans were interrupted by the Jews. For instance in Poland, the Polish resistance consisting of over 300, 000 people interfered with the supplies of the Nazis soldiers that were meant for the northern frontier. The opposition was witnessed in the rest of the European nations.  

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Question 4

Discuss the Cold War. What were the origins of the Cold War? Describe Cold War mobilization? What were the major confrontations of the Cold War?

The world war stemmed from the differences in the ideologies and political stance that were firmly held by the United States and the Soviet Union. The Americans and the British considered the communist ideologies as oppressive thus their demand for adoption of the capitalist ideologies all over Europe and the rest of the world. The allies of the United States and those of the Soviet Union took their side each supporting their countries. The communist ideologies were being pushed by the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe countries a thing that British and US were afraid of. By extension, the move was to suppress any rise by the Germans again into the Soviet Union.

Mobilization of the saw various covenants made by allies affiliated to British and US. On the other hand, the allies affiliated to the Soviet Union formed their alliances too. The North Atlantic treaty organization ( NATO) was created to stop the Soviet Union presence and activities in western and East Europe (Goffman,134). The mobilization continued to the rest of the world with Chinese communists of North Korea which were supported by the Soviet Union intruding to the South Korea that was supported by the US. The aggression of the cold continued for a very long time until the death of Joseph Stalin in 1953. He was a very prolific contributor to the war and ideologies. However, his death did not stop the cold was mobilization.

There were significant confrontations that marked the cold war — nations starting manufacturing nuclear warheads that would be used to scare the opponents. The formation of ballistic missiles marked this epoch. The Soviet Union shipped massive nuclear bombs in Cuba there main aim was to confront the US that is was in a position to bomb some of its cities. Nevertheless, after the signing of the nuclear test ban in 1963, the confrontation on the nuclear test came to an end.

Question 5  

Discuss the post-Cold War world. Characterize post-communist Russia and the former Soviet republics? What was it like in Central and Eastern Europe after 1989? Why was the European Union formed?

Before being declaration as Russia, it existed as USSR until 31 December 1991. After that, the country refocused on building its economy to become one of the economic powerhouses in Europe. The land was rocked by high inflation rates that left the country on its financial knees. Apart from the economic shortcoming, the country also faced the disintegrating social and political threats. Their political systems were unstable coming from a past where the state was so focused on the reconstructing its political ideologies.

The central and Eastern Europe in 1989 and after that saw an uprising in many of the countries with the clamor for new political ideals that represented the ideas needs of the masses (Nedelmann and Sztompka, pg 6)Additionally, most of the countries former members of the S.R.R abandoned the communism ideologies to become independent. For instance, Albania and Yugoslavia disbanded communism as they deemed it to slow down their economic progress. Reformations were the dominant approach the countries took to become stable in the new states.

Various reasons led to the formation of the European Union as herein discussed.  The sole aim of forming the European Union was to stop the conflicts between the neighboring that could lead to war especially after the several battles that took place in Europe (Grofman,87). Another reason for the formation of the European Union was to promote the Economic growth of the Countries that were left deteriorating after several wars. It is also imperative to note that the E.U was to provide the agreements that guided reconciliation strategies if there are wars.

Works Cited

Grofman, Bernard. "Political Science as Puzzle Solving." University of Michigan Press (2001): pp. 85– 97. Document.

Nedelmann, Birgitta and Sztompka. "Sociology in Europe." In Search of Identity (1993): 1-7. Document.

Nicholls, A. J. (2000) Weimar and the Rise of Hitler. London: Palgrave MacMillan. p.138

Western Civilization: Ideas, Politics, and Society: Volume II: From 16 Retrieved from e   

Bracher, Karl Dietrich (1991). The German Dictatorship: The Origins, Structure, and             Consequences of National Socialism. Penguin History Series. Penguin.

Campbell, Bruce (1998). The SA Generals and The Rise of Nazism. University Press of             Kentucky.

November 13, 2023

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