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Whether you're planning a climb of the Himalayas, or just want to find out if Mount Everest is safe to climb, there are some things you should know before you try to climb it.
8848 meters high
Despite being the tallest mountain in the world, there have been several different measurements over the years. Mount Everest is a mountain in the Himalayas, between Nepal and China. It has three distinct faces, each of which has a different height.
The summit and upper slopes sit so high in the Earth's atmosphere, they are buffeted by a powerful wind called the jet stream. The mountain is also covered in rock-hard snow. This makes it an extremely dangerous place to climb, especially in the winter.
The mountain is made up of several layers of rock that have been folded back on themselves. The aforementioned is an experiment that has yielded different results.
The highest measured height for Everest was 8,848 meters. However, more recent measurements have come up with different figures.
Part of the Himalayas
Among the highest mountains in the world, Mount Everest is part of the Himalayas mountain system. This mountain range stretches across northeastern India, Nepal, and Pakistan. It is one of the youngest mountain ranges in the world. It has a surprisingly wide range of climates, which generates distinct plant and animal communities.
The Himalayas are also home to a large variety of endemic fauna and flora. It is also the source of three major river systems. The Brahmaputra River, the Indus River, and the Ganges River are among the major river systems of Asia.
Besides the highest peaks, the Himalayas also contain a number of valleys and secret canyons. These valleys and canyons play an important role in regulating the climate of the region.
The Himalayas are also hometo a number of glaciers, including Biafo, Baltoro, Nubra, and Siachen. The Siachen glacier, the largest glacier outside of the polar region, is 48 miles long.
Two main climbing routes
Choosing a route for Mount Everest can be tricky. There are 20 different routes to choose from. Each route has its own merits and shortcomings. While there are many climbing routes to choose from, two main climbing routes for Mount Everest are worth examining.
First, there is the Northeast Ridge. This route is easier to access, less crowded, and has fewer camps than the Northern Ridge. It is also more technical. It takes three days to complete the Pinnacles section of the ridge.
Secondly, there is the South Col route. This route was tried twice by Swiss teams in 1952. It is the route Edmund Hillary first climbed in 1953. It is steep and rocky. However, it is easier with a good layer of snow.
The Kangshung Face, on the East side of the mountain, is also a route that is rarely attempted. However, it has seen a few summits.
Deaths on Everest during the 1996 climbing season
During the 1996 climbing season, eight climbers died on Mount Everest. The 1996 disaster was one of the most lethal years in Everest's history. It also taught climbers a lesson about leadership.
The Mountain Madness team reached the summit of Everest at 13:07 on May 10. They had to turn around at 14:00 to acclimatize to altitude. Two Sherpas came to help the group. They had to climb through the night to reach the summit before sunrise. They were accompanied by Scott Fischer and Anatolo Boukreev.
Boukreev helped rescue three other climbers: Andy Harris, Charlotte Fox, and Sandy Pittman. Boukreev also saved Tim Madsen. He was unable to save Scott Fischer. They fell in a crevasse. Fischer was unresponsive.
Andy Harris was a 31-year-old New Zealander. He was stricken with hypoxia. He was attempting to get oxygen from the Sherpas.
Pollution on Everest
During the past six years, the Nepali government has been attempting to clean up Everest. It started a campaign to remove up to 10,000 kilograms of waste from the mountain. Last month, a 30-strong team was able to collect 8.5 tonnes of trash.
The Nepali government has also joined forces with the Nepal Mountaineering Association and other local organisations to tackle the pollution. The local body will work with trekking companies to make sure that they bring down all of their trash.
Everest pollution includes trash, plastics and human excrement. Scientists have discovered microplastic pollution in 11 snow samples from Everest. There have also been an increasing number of accidents at base camp in the past two years.
Everest is a popular climbing destination. It attracts people from around the world. Every year, around 50,000 tourists visit the area.
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