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The domestic abuser is the main target of batterer interventions, but there are many other goals that rely on the underlying strategy. (Gerdes, 2012). However, the intervention's main objective is to stop the batterer from engaging in antagonism. Since the policies are intended to alter behavior, biology influences the interventions intended to prevent the abuser from using violence. (Hilder & Bettinson, 2016). Cognitive interventions are necessary for behavior modification because they must alter the abuser's views. By analyzing various psychological options and the Johnson archetype, the paper investigates how biology influences batterers' interventions. Types of Psychologist Policies
When compared to feminist, the psychoanalytic intervention views violence as being established by the past trauma or personality disorder (Ross, 2015). Moreover, the psychological initiator of battering could be as a result of being nurtured in the abusive environment, early rejection or not having babyhood needs met. The major policy for change is to deal with the issue consciously and eliminate the motive for violence. Besides, the psychologist uses the cognitive behavior therapy when compared with feminist to understand belief actions and systems, changing self-talk and creating new psychological skills. The major personality advocates that a psychologist is concerned with include respect, economic partnership, shared responsibilities, nonthreatening traits, accountability and honesty (Hilder & Bettinson, 2016). Furthermore, the psychologist is concerned with conflict resolution which entails fairness and negotiation as well as responsible parenting. Other policies include love since there are perceptions that batterers do not love their partners. The psychologist aims at changing the batterer to love his or her partner as well as ensuring that there are better ways of solving domestic issues rather than violence (Ross, 2015).
According to Johnson, domestic violence occurs when one partner uses coercive power and control over the other utilizing intimidation, isolation, and threats. Moreover, Johnson argues that the domestic violence is a way of one spouse terrorizing the other through threats and aggression (Johnson, 2012). However, Johnson illustrates that the common couple violence arises when both partners act in the aggressive manner fighting for control. Based on Johnson typology, we should be intervening in common couple aggression because of it is a way of creating harmony as well as ending the battle for control. Furthermore, intervening ensures that all couples have equal responsibilities and marriage powers are shared. The common couple violence and other types of violence such as situational and violent resistance are different from each other hence they should be intervened distinctly than in the time of terrorist violence (Ross, 2015). This is because the terrorist violence is a way of using coercive power to assault a partner thus requiring many cognitive interventions to change the batterer perceptions.
Resources can be best used to avert revictimization through creating awareness, education, and use of legal actions. Initially, outreach services and interventions can be initiated to create awareness in the community as well as educating the public on the right measures of averting revictimization as well as the solutions for domestic violence (Ross, 2015). Additionally, the legal actions should be developed to ensure that batterers are warned or rehabilitated. Moreover, awareness programs can be introduced to the learning institutions to ensure that the current and future generation is aware of revictimization and various ways to eradicate it.
Gerdes, L. I. (2012). Domestic violence. Detroit: Greenhaven Press.
Hilder, S., & Bettinson, V. (2016). Domestic Violence: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Protection, Prevention and Intervention. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Johnson, M. P. (2012). A typology of domestic violence: intimate terrorism, violent resistance, and situational couple violence. Boston; Hanover [N.H.: Northeastern University Press ; Published by University Press of New England.
Ross, L. E. (2015). Continuing the war against domestic violence. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group.
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