Differences Between the Structure of a Relational Database Optimized for Online Transactions vs. a Data Warehouse Optimized for Processing

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Main differences between the structure of a relational database optimized for online transactions versus a data warehouse optimized for processing and summarizing large amounts of data

A data warehouse refers to an interpersonal file projected for query and data examination instead of deal processing. The data warehouse contains data from past business operations as well as data from other business bases. The business uses the accumulated data in a warehouse in decision making. Contrary, relational database is a collection of data organized into sets of described tables in which data can be easily accessed in several distinct ways without the need to reorganize the database tables. The two differs in that;

A data warehouse setting comprises of an abstraction, transportation, change, and loading (ETL) answer, online logical processing (OLAP) engine, client examination tool, and other requests that achieve the procedure of gathering information and bringing it to commercial users (Vaisman, n.d.).  

The OLAP database works with vast information and therefore overwhelms the central processing unit (CPU) and circles transfer speed (Vaisman, n.d.).  

The information in the OLAP database is sorted out and hence enhances reporting and examination. The info is de-standardized to upgrade investigative inquiry reaction times and give convenience to business clients. Fewer tables and a more straightforward structure result in less demanding reporting and investigation (Vaisman, n.d.).  


The structure of the OLTP database contains tables in which data is stored creating standardization that ensure no information is copied. Data tables enhance stockpiling of data and increase operational efficiencies.

Differences between database requirements for operational data and decision support data

The information derived from operational data differ in purpose from the information obtained from decision support data. A relational file is used to store operational information whereby tables or instead constructions are extremely regularized. According to data analysts’ point of view, functional and decision support information vary based on dimensionality, granularity and time span (Vaisman, n.d.).  

The decision support information necessity is presented at different levels of combination after it’s highly abridged to near-atomic. Where Operational information emphasis on representing separate dealings rather than on the belongings of the transactions over time. In contrast, data forecasters tend to comprise many data sizes and are absorbed in and in what way the information narrate over those sizes (Ganguly, Gupta, & Khan, n.d.).

Operation data shows real-time transactions occurring while decision support data displays an image of working data at a given time. Moreover, several benches are used to store operational information while the decision support info derived from operating data is stored in tables.

Three examples in which databases could be used to support decision making in a large organizational environment

One instance in which databases could be utilized to help essential leadership in a high association environment would be a massive organization that gives items to individuals online. Which oblige exchanges to be made online and lots of information to be utilized, a database could be valuable to sort out the data inside the organization, for example, client data, transportation, sales, and item stock (Ganguly, Gupta, & Khan, n.d.).

Second, databases can be useful in settling on organized choices for an association entirely thinking decisions through with the right information can create fantastic opportunities for your organization and have positive results (Ganguly, Gupta, & Khan, n.d.).

Finally, databases can be useful to help associations go to a choice faster inside associations with regards to money-related decisions, for example, how to adjust the organization's benefits, deals, and liabilities.

Three examples in which data warehouses and data mining could be used to support data processing and trend analysis in the sizeable organizational environment.

The first example incorporates a combination of a past year business figures, stock investigation, and benefit by item and by the client. Time-centered or not, consumers need to "cut up" their information any way they see fit, and an all-around planned information stockroom will be sufficiently adaptable to meet those requests. Clients will here, and their needs exceptionally amassed information, and different times they should penetrate down to subtle elements (Rupnik, & Kukar, 2010).

Second, data mining tools are rummage-sale to facilitate international analysis and multifaceted commercial models. Third, A significant instance of data warehousing is what Facebook fixes. Facebook folds al your information such as your networks, your likes, your collections (Rupnik, & Kukar, 2010).


Ganguly, A. R., Gupta, A., & Khan, S. (n.d.). Data Mining and Decision Support for Business and Science. Data Warehousing and Mining, 2618-2625. doi:10.4018/978-1-59904-951-9.ch160

Rupnik, R., & Kukar, M. (2010). Data Mining and Decision Support: An Integrative Approach. Decision Support Systems. doi:10.5772/39466

Vaisman, A. (n.d.). Data Quality-Based Requirements Elicitation for Decision Support. Data Warehouses and OLAP. doi:10.4018/9871599043647.ch003

September 04, 2023


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