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For more than thirty to forty years ago, there have a growing awareness of the relationship between human beings and the environment surrounding them (Machlis et al.). Human kinds have appreciated the choice for corresponding the relation of human-environment because of their supremacy over nature. Therefore, the crucial challenge that has been hitting their brains is the problem of waste disposal. Therefore, recycling due to increasing ecological consciousness has been chosen to solve the issue of waste discarding. This has resulted to programs of various sorts to emerge especially among most of the Americans pertaining recycling. Although practices, norms, and community rules over recycling differ from one place to another. The community where the social perceptions support recycling, people around are likely to be aware of the programs in comparison to those that do not encourage waste salvaging. Therefore, the key objective of the research is to examine the realities of recycling and provide suggestions on the awareness of the benefits of recycling program in New York City.
Recycling refers to a process where used materials go through a sequence of changes of treatment to come up with other products that can be reutilized, in other terms is called a recovery process (Michael, 350). It is therefore, a method of waste disposal that aims at conserving the raw material, reducing pollution of the environment by limiting the landfill for of disposal, as well as diminishing energy consumption (Sgobbo, 127). Recycling plays part in reducing much methane, carbon dioxide, and nitrous oxide as greenhouse gases emitted in the process of virgin production. Thus, recycling is a method of waste disposal that every individual require to apply in conservation of the environment.
Trying to reach and answer the question on whether to landfill the waste generated or encourage recycling plans, research was carried out in the City Council of New York on Domestic Recycling Program. Prior to the assessment of the project, much about the framework had to be formulated even though various ideas and hypothesis regarding the method are present, there is no concept available that explains and evaluating recycling in full details as revealed by Britt. (Pendergrast, 23). Hence the research in the program is basically estimated on the basis of the thesis framework. The evaluation of the program in New York City gives of the various aspects affecting recycling in realism other than in philosophy alone. The assessment also outline ideas for enhancement of recycling service in the city and ascertains greater hope to finding answers concerning the issues established in the framework of the program.
Basing on the facts from other sources such as, “Refuse Recycling and Recovery” by a scholar from the department of Social Economics and Management, John Homes proved that recycling has been that it is clear that recycling has been there ever since the period of Plato (Holmes, 67).The evidence show that metal objects were collected and reused during the industrial age in Europe. The main element as a driver to the research and promoting recycling programs is that other methods of waste disposal are costly and are not environmental friendly. The process of recycling has cut down the cost of acquiring metals from the ores, which did extent to other product are consumed s that are such as Schweppes bottles for beverages (St. Lawrence University). Recycling also was encouraged during war by the government when there was shortage weapons.
The research examined the history of recycling in New York City to familiarize with the trending system regarding the program. Recycling in New can be traced back in early 1975 when most of the industries identify it as cheap method of disposing wastes and at the same time they retrieved the raw material without much expenditure (Huesemann, 40). The industries established a collection centre where it bought back the items from the public such as glass bottles, aluminum cans, and other products made of glass for recycling. However it became so difficult and uneconomical when separating recyclables from the waste, hence, it called upon community participation to give hand in that source separation was considered the proper way of separation.
In the present program, New York invited new tenders for recycling services that would enable easier and efficient disposal of wastes in the city. The city council in connection with most industries, set some guideline on the contract offered such as providing bins for recyclables` collection and also merged with other businesses as buyers (Pivnenko and Eriksson, 139). Those that are awarded the tender are allowed to build big plants on the land owned by the council to offer service till the invalidation of the contract. The council pays the contractors annually and leaves them with responsibility of running the entire process. The program has made the process of buying recyclables from the public very easy for the industries, as they are just required to collect them from the contractor at a feel which is to be monitored by the city council (Taylor, 77).
On the evaluation of the recycling program in New York City was somehow difficult as the whole process has not been document. The research relied on the council for provision of the information which might be affected by biasness. Some aspects of recycling were not covered in the evaluation because of time unreliability of the respondents, although many were covered hence fulfilling the aim of the thesis of finding the clear picture behind recycling and assessing the framework in order to encourage the public on benefits of the program.
The research came up with thrilling findings, which included; contamination, failure of service meant to separate waste from recyclables, health problems, inadequate facilities to educate the public on the awareness of the program, and increasing in waste quantities. It is found basing on the new recycling program in New York, despite recycling items are collected in large numbers, it still encourages some amount of waste going through to the tip (Ma et al.). Hence, it is necessary to reduce the size of the garbage bins as they intensify the amount of surplus produced by people. Concerning the level of education delivering, it is suggested that the target audience for the awareness of the recycling programs in the society need to be identified and carry out public campaigns. Therefore, recycling emerges the best of waste disposal method and hopefully it will become part of the larger scheme of waste organization such as minimizing landfills, incineration, and other methods that are not friendly to the environment.
Holmes, John. “Refuse Recycling and Recovery.” Environmental Economics and Management, vol. 27, no. 3, 1994, pp. 59–67.
Huesemann, MH. “The Limits of Technological Solutions to Sustainable Development.” Clean Technological and Environmental Policy, vol. 5, no. 1, 2003, pp. 111–40.
Ma, Junhai, et al. “Research on the Complexity and Chaos Control about a Closed-Loop Supply Chain with Dual-Channel Recycling and Uncertain Consumer Perception.” Complexity, vol. 7, no. 2, 2018, pp. 1–13.
Machlis, Gary E., et al. The Future of Conservation in America: A Chart for Rough Water. 1 edition, University of Chicago Press, 112AD, https://www.amazon.com/Future-Conservation-America-Chart-Rough/dp/022654205X/ref=sr_1_3?ie=UTF8&qid=1523009790&sr=8-3&keywords=conservation.
Michael, Potier. “Resource Conservation: Social and Economic Dimensions of Recycling.” Sustainability, edited by Pearce Walter, 3 edition, 1977, pp. 344–52.
Pendergrast, Britt. Benefits of Recycling. Kindle edi, GRIN Publishing, 2011, https://www.amazon.com/Benefits-Recycling-Britt-Pendergrast-ebook/dp/B00BIR8RY0/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1523012679&sr=8-1&keywords=BENEFITS+OF+RECYCLING.
Pivnenko, Kostyantyn, and Eva Eriksson. “Waste Paper for Recycling: Overview and Identification of Potentially Critical Substances.” Waste Management, vol. 45, no. 3, 2015, pp. 134–42, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0956053X15001312#!
Sgobbo, A. “Recycling, Waste Management and Urban Vegetable Gardens.” Policy Analysis and Management, vol. 13, no. 1, 2016, pp. 120–39.
St. Lawrence University. “UNDERSTANDING PAPER RECYCLING IN AN INSTITUTIONALLY SUPPORTIVE SETTING: AN APPLICATION OF THE THEORY OF REASONED ACTION.” Environmental Systems, vol. 19, no. 4, 1989, pp. 307–21, https://triggered.clockss.org/ServeContent?url=http://baywood.stanford.clockss.org%2FBWES%2FBAWOOD_BWES_19_4%2F8KX29XQMRP38CLPP.pdf.
Taylor, Dorceta E. The Rise of the American Conservation Movement: Power, Privilege, and Environmental Protection. Reprint ed, Duke University Press Books, 2016.
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