Tennessee Williams A Streetcar Named Desire: Wallace Stevens (The emperor of ice cream): John Steinbeck The Chrysanthemums

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This article analyses and compares the works of Tennessee, Williams. A Streetcar Named Desire. New Directions, 2015; Stevens, Wallace. The Emperor of Ice-Cream. Prometheus Press, 1984; and Steinbeck, John. The Chrysanthemums. Penguin UK, 2014. The analysis is conducted to identify the author who uses language the same way the poet does.

The play A Streetcar Named Desire is often associated with the legacy of South American States during the American Civil War. The choice of word by the author leaves the reader yearning for more, the play is written in a dramatic tone. Williams gave theatergoers a sense of immediacy unmatched by the musical comedies at the Broadway houses. The author presents his message through illusion and realism, and it is seen that his protagonist is romantic Blanche. The play is a work of social realism. There are people like Blanche who say that she "...don’t want realism, I want magic." (Williams, Scene 9, 85). The play suggests that fantasy is an important and useful tool despite the fact that reality triumphs it. The author also uses figurative language to depict the trajectory of Blanche's life. In scene one, Blanche avers that she rode a street named desire, and then transferred to a streetcar named cemeteries, finally arriving at Elysian Field. According to the Greek mythology, Elysian Fields are the lands of the dead.

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The short story, The Chrysanthemums employs symbolisms to convey its message. The title itself symbolizes both Elisa and her limited scope of life. According to the author, Elisa identifies herself with the flower, which is lovely, strong, and thriving, she is heard saying that she becomes one with the plant when she tends them. Elisa offers the Chrysanthemums to the tinker and at the same time offers herself; unfortunately, both offers are ignored. Rejection of the flower illustrates how the society rejects a woman as nothing more than mothers and housekeepers. The action paints a picture of useless and unimportant perception the society has towards the women. Just like the flower that is unimportant, women are represented as mere decorative who add little value to the world. The author uses Salina Valley to symbolize the emotional life of Elisa, and he uses the metaphor closed pot to illustrate how she is trapped inside an airless world. It is noticed that no sunshine penetrates the valley despite a presence of it. Elisa is not happy, just like the way the valley that does not receive the sunshine that symbolizes happiness. The author further informs us that it is December and the atmosphere at the valley is chilly and watchful, but still depicts shreds of hope. The lyrical description of the valley in California, in fact, is a symbol of claustrophobic, unhappy, and yet hopeful inner life of Elisa.

The poem, The Emperor of Ice Cream, is an astonishing piece of work that confuses the reader whether the author is in favor of ice cream or not. The vivid imagery and figurative language employed by the author presents a counterpoint between a scene of a funeral and images of enjoyment. Symbolisms, such as flower adds the flavor to the poem. The author carefully chooses how he uses the words to create scenes, and the poem is a double focus, two-stanza division with the shared last line underscores its doubleness. Use of rhyming words by the author of the poem gives the lyrical effect and at the same time giving a deeper meaning of them.

I think the best-written work is The Chrysanthemums because it employs a couple of poetic techniques such as symbolism. The author carefully chooses the words to use to develop the play.

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Work Cited

Tennessee, Williams. A Streetcar Named Desire. New Directions, 2015

June 07, 2022


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