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"What do I eat?" is a typical dilemma we face today. In a single day, we make over 200 dietary choices, the majority of which are unwittingly made. Food technology has manipulated food properties to achieve the desired texture, scent, and colour. Many people have died as a result of diseases caused by consuming packaged foods on a regular basis. In this article, I'll explain how we can achieve dietary redemption. We'll look at ways to prevent diet-related chronic diseases. It is not necessary to be a scientist to understand how to eat. "Eat food. Not too much. Mostly plants" (Pollan 1). The answer is that simple. Food science has caused many people to lose their lives due to lifestyle diseases, and the only way to live a long and healthy lifestyle is by eating traditional foods.
Michael Pollan is an American journalist, author, professor, and activist. Over the years, he has written plenty of articles, essays, and books on food. His book, "In defense of food", was nominated for the Academy Awards. He has been awarded many awards for his literary writings.
He spent his youth in Long Island and attended Columbia and Harvard Universities. He graduated with a Master’s Degree in English from Columbia University and resides in Bay Area with his wife and son.
The Washington Post wrote that in “In defense of food”, Pollan successfully persuaded Western people on the negative effects of their diet on their health. The New York Times said that his book advanced the fact that trying to narrow down food to its components, results in trimming of its most essential nutrients. Pollan quickly became a best-selling author with the New York Times in the Non-Fiction list for almost two months.
Journalists and scientists who support Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs), have accused his work of being prejudiced against GMO’s. At some point, Pollan said that it is very difficult to scientifically study food, yet he began to advise people on diet from the approach of nutritional research.
“Eat more of the right ones, few of the wrong ones, and you will live longer, avoid chronic diseases, and lose weight” (Pollan 20). Eating plenty of vitamins will give us good health. In 1977, a committee established to eradicate malnutrition and chronic diseases, advised Americans to reduce their intake of dairy products and red meat, though the committee later retreated that statement after heavy criticism from meat and dairy businessmen. It now advised the population to "choose meats, poultry, and fish that will reduce saturated-fat intake" (Pollan 23). Changing the way, we are eating is a more beautiful, economical and practical path. We ought to eat the traditional foods that people have been eating for thousands of years: vegetables, meat, fish, grains, and fruits. Pollan calls junk food edible food-like substances.
Researchers on the study of human nutrition have pointed out that chronic diseases such as cancer are associated with a poor diet. Consumption of foods rich in fats, red meat, and little vegetables also contributes to such diseases. Intake of little vegetables can result in chronic diseases. Processed foods should not be eaten daily.
To be politically correct, new dietary coded terms such as amino acids and cholesterol came up to replace the word food. This was meant to promote businesses and protect businesses owned by powerful men. In supermarket shelves, you can find processed fruits with alluring adverts printed on them. Some of these adverts can claim that the food in question can add vitamins, among other nutrients to your body. Many people follow the latest fashion of the nutritionists. However, some fruits prevent erectile dysfunction and cancer.
Nutritionism can be defined as "namely, that we should understand and engage with food and our bodies in terms of their nutritional and chemical constituents and requirements—the assumption being that this is all we need to understand" (Pollan 27-28).
“… with a judicious application of food science, fake foods can be made even more nutritious than the real thing. This, of course, is the story of margarine, the first important synthetic food to slip into our diet” (Pollan 32). Fats and vegetable oils such as margarine begun as an affordable replacement for using butter. Factory owners in their advertisements claimed to add nutrients such as vitamin to it and marketed it widely.
Food and nutrition have been an interest of many recently. Scholars, dietary nutritionists and health specialists have had an interest in determining the best foods that can impact positively on the health of individuals. Biologist suggested that a balanced diet should consist of proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins and mineral salts, however, this seems not enough to answer the question that people normally ask “what should I eat”. Soumya D & Aliya Siddiqui A (2011), explains about the concern about nutrition and good health. He points that nutrition is the key to a healthy body, individuals consume different kinds of foods however it is recommended that food preparation should follow natural ways of food preparation. Some foods taken improperly may cause.
Nutrition is described as the consumption of food substances by the human body and the physical and chemical breakdown processes that take place in the body. It also involves the nutrients that are required by the body to maintain body working processes. Past research has encouraged people to get knowledge on nutrition as it is considered crucial to staying healthy, good nutrition is considered to result in good health and prevents nutrient related ailments. Proper diet is important as it works against some dangerous diseases like cancer and arthritis.
A healthy nutrition includes starchy foods, foods rich in fiber, low fat, vitamins, and minerals. It also includes consumption of a lot of fluids, water helps in digestion. Essential nutrients required in the body should also be taken in specific quantities.
Michael Pollan seemed to criticize what people eat, he advocated for less food and mostly plants. This makes Michael Pollan an appealing author, with the various questions that individuals, nutritionists, and researchers had about food and the right food to eat. Pollan had an idea. Pollan states that “we’re consuming edible food-like substances, no longer the product of nature but of food science” (2). He acknowledges the difference that exists between food and food products and gives a tip of not eating what our ancestors would not consider being food. Critically, Pollan understands the current dietary contents, consisting of processed foodstuffs, he criticizes this by suggesting that people should eat foods that our ancestors would have considered to be food, that is mostly plants and unprocessed food.
Most discussions that researchers have based on major of low fats or carbohydrates in the body, some may include excess sugar, mineral salts, and health related issues. Pollan suggests that maybe, individuals are eating too much. He criticizes food consumption based on science and culture. Cultures have got ways of moderating people’s appetite. Pollan suggests that an individual knows when full and should not stop before reaching that capacity. Pollan explains that this would reduce caloric intake.
Processed food has become the habit of many individuals, this is because they are readily available and maybe edible on the sport. Pollan, however, explains the importance of eating mostly plant. He evidences that eating mainly vegetables and fruits can help prevent dangerous diseases like cancer, diabetes and even control weight. He advises that people should avoid processed foods.
Food is vital to human existence and survival. The human body requires nutrients for growth and to overcome some coronary diseases. Not all foods are good for the human body, sufficient and quality nutrition is required for good health. This research analyzes Michael Pollan’s book “In defense of food,” and comes up with ideas and suggestions on the best foods to eat that can ensure healthy human survival. Science indicates that proper nutrition consists of food elements of vitamins, carbohydrates, and proteins. All these elements are necessary; however, the proportion of such nutrients is also taken into account. Pollan suggests not too much food, this means that the body requires only a proportion that it can easily process. Excess consumption of some food stuff is harmful to human life as it can lead to some diseases.
The risk of lifestyle chronic diseases can be easily prevented by eating the right food and in the right quantities. Food science has come up with simple ways of combining nutrients and coming up with complex foods with all nutrients requirement, such foods like processed meat, bacon, and margarine, among others. These foods have been considered unhealthy by most scholars who are supporting natural nutrient requirement. Biologists argue that beacon can cause coronary cancer. Michael Pollan, however, creates a scenic criticism on foods created in this process. He says that humans require natural foods, mainly plants. He argued against the nutrition perfection of food science. Pollan’s argument is useful to the real world since, with the introduction of these nutritionally perfected foods, diet-related complications have emerged and is now the main concern to most people.
www.deanza.edu/library/infoliteracy.html. Web. Accessed 15 March 2017.
www.michaelpollan.com/press-kit/. Web. Accessed 12 March 2017.
Pollan, Michael. In defense of food: An eater's manifesto. Penguin, 2008.Web. Accessed 11 March 2017
Soumya, D., and A. A. Siddiqui. "A prime concern on good nutrition versus good health." Journal of Food Processing and Technology 2.6 (2011). Web. Accessed 13 March 2017.
Tacorda, Jo Anne Mallari. We Are What We Eat: Cultivating Well-being and Happiness through Sustainable Food Systems. Diss. University of Toronto, 2015. Web. Accessed 16 March 2017.
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