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The Roman Empire made important contributions to modern civilization; most rules and regulations in modern culture are based on the standards established by the Roman Empire. However, the subject of the paper in this essay will be the organization and events in Roman cities. There are parallels between these towns and industrial cities. Furthermore, some new cities, such as Vatican City in Italy, are examples of pre-Roman Empire cities.
The initial Roman society was made up of small-scale farmers. However, as the Greek empire (Macedonian) collapsed, the Roman empire expanded and became more dominant. During the pre-industrial world, Roman society was the most urbanized society. At the apex of its dominion, Rome was most likely the biggest city on the planet, with more than a million occupants. The rule had a modest number of small and upcoming urban areas with a population of not more than hundred thousand residents and numerous other expensive and medium class urban settlements. These cities had a few elements which would have a close resemblance to the modern civilized economies. These features include apartment buildings, busting slum settlements, overcrowded streets and roads, courts and high rise administrative buildings.
The Roman Empire contained around 2000 "urban areas." For the Romans, cities were groups which ran their particular undertakings and constituted the fundamental building-pieces of the empire. Each free individual in the towns had a place within the city – which may not have been their original homeland. These people would make trips to their homes during special occasions. The trend has a close resemblance to the urban inhabitants of the civilized World. That is the civilized world is composed of up county areas and cities just like it existed in the Roman empire.
The Roman city was constructed circularly with an open space encompassed by corridors and public structures. It worked as a commercial center, political meeting point, and social forums. The general population structures surrounding it would incorporate the central sanctuary, the basilica (the principal government building where the town chamber met and town organization took place), the law courts (if isolated from the Basilica) and the open showers of the city. Extending far from the discussion were the city's boulevards, shaping a framework design with the goal that a map of a town would resemble a large number of square pieces. In these towns, the homes of rich and poor, the shops, bistros, and workshops of the city, more sanctuaries and open showers, and a theater would be situated. Looking at these descriptions, a city in the civilized world possess some of these features and arrangements.
The towns water supply came from distanced rivers, dams and lakes, along aqueducts. The water would then drain into public wells located in strategic areas for the low-income families to use and furthermore into private wells in the places of the rich people and government officials. The amount of water that was available in Roman cities remained enormous for over 200 years after the end of the empire. Meaning, the cities had enough water for its city dwellers. Roman urban communities additionally had open channels and sewers to take the city's waste away, and public toilets were accessible. Outside these cities, there were amphitheater and wild animals’ sanctuaries. Numerous urban areas were situated on the lakeside of fresh water lake or by an extensive, traversable waterway. Here, a harbor would be arranged, comprising of quays worked of wood or stone for stacking and emptying vessels, and docks for repairing or building ships. These are evident features of several modern cities. For example, cities located along ocean shores.
In conclusion, Roman Empire acted as the backbone of modern civilization, not only through their cities but laws and justice systems. Planning of current cities emulates most of the arrangements that existed in Roman Cities.
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Hanna, Eriny. "The Route to Crisis: Cities, Trade, and Epidemics of the Roman Empire." Vanderbilt Undergraduate Research Journal 10, 2015.
Osborne, Robin, and Andrew Wallace-Hadrill. "Cities of the ancient Mediterranean." The Oxford Handbook of Cities in World History 49, 2013.
Quatember, U. “The Water Management and Delivery System of the Nymphaeum Traiani at Ephesos.” In Cura aquarum in Ephesus. Proceedings of the Twelfth International Congress on the History of Water Management and Hydraulic Engineering in the Mediterranean Region. Ephesus/Selcuk, Turkey, October 2-10, 2004, edited by G. Wiplinger. Leuven: Peeters, 2006.
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