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Shaely, 24, presents with melancholy and a tragic family history. She is trembling when she talks about her life with her father. Her father was emotionally abusive to her at times. Her father never physically abused her. When she was ten years old, her mother took her to separate men's homes after realizing she couldn't live with her father. At the time, her mother was married to a second man. She was having relationships with three separate males. She has experienced many episodes of feeling angry and unhappy. She has been having episodes of feeling nervous most of the times. She always cries and sometimes she does not feel her breath. Sometimes, she even feels that she should die. Sometimes she feels quite energetic but quite irritable. Her body heals slowly and experiences amnesia. She resorts to drinking whenever she feels irritated.
Shaely is suffering from depression. The emotional symptoms that are expressed in depression include sadness and anger (Fernandez, Ephrem, and Sheri L. Johnson. Shaely, 127) felt sad and angry from time to time. She expresses self-blame when she says that she has been screwed a lot. In behavioral expressions, she cries a lot and drinks whenever she feels sad. She also feels wasted and accepts to die. Amnesia is one of the physical symptoms she expresses because of depression. Depression can be treated using psychotherapy or medications. Both approaches can also be combined to ensure that the patients heal faster. The medications used in the treatment are antidepressants including venlafaxine and fluoxetine.
Phyllis, 53 has returned to college to take a new profession that deals with Business administration. She seems to be unhappy with everyone in her surroundings. She feels that everyone in her surrounding is not much competent as she wants them to be. She admits that she is not happy with her coworkers since they spend a lot of time partying. She feels that they do not have the work ethics. She is secretive as she keeps the records of the gossips she gets about her employees. She keeps questioning her professors and sometimes feels that her professors do not provide her with the right reading materials. She feels that her professors are too young to have learnt all the information they teach. She has divorced her two husbands because she feels that they are incompetent. She feels that her daughter is not competent as she expected but she is a caring mother to her.
Phyllis is suffering from Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder. The disorder is characterized with orderliness and obsession with perfection. Phyllis does not accept the incompetency’s of individuals she meets in her lie. She complains about her co-workers, lecturers, daughter and husband. She always has a reason to dive concerning the competency of the individuals that she has interacted with. The disorder expresses with work devotion at the expense of leisure activity. It is also expressed with great perfectionism that ensures task completion. She felt that she couldn’t keep up with the incompetency of her co-workers. The disorder is also expressed with significant level of stubbornness and rigidity. She asked so many questions to her lectures because she was rigid in her thoughts. Her stubbornness could not allow her to be taught by lecturers she perceived to be younger that her. It also expresses with inflexibility of morality. This explains why Phyllis divorced her two husbands.
Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder is treated using cognitive behavioral therapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy is a counselling program in which the patient engages their counsellors whenever they feel that they are emotionally depressed (Baer & Ruth A, 15). Relaxation training and intake of antidepressants can also help.
Zachary is 23, old. He has problems with his parents and his family at large. He also does not come into agreement with his employer because they do not possess the character that he expects them to have. He believes that only Christians should be allowed to be counselors. He feels that he should not attend his brother’s wedding because he does not follow the ways of Christianity. He disagrees with his parents because they are not real Christians. His parents are angry with him. His parents divorced, but he feels that a divorce is an option when it comes to solving problems. He does not agree to be ruled by employers who do not obey Christianity.
Zachary suffers from religious Obsessive-compulsive disorder subtype. The disorder is characterized by hyper morality, prayerfulness, and caution about the factors that lead people to commit sins (Baer & Ruth A, 15). They have religious anxiety and cannot get involved with individuals whom they believe have sinned. The disorder can be treated through psychotherapy approach. He completely believes that everyone should follow the biblical ways of solving conflicts. He feels that though their parents had a disagreement, it does not mean that the two should divorce. He also refuses to be his brother’s best man since he did not live according to the Christian ways.
Baer, Ruth A., Mindfulness-based treatment approaches: Clinician's guide to evidence base and applications. Academic Press, 2015.
Fernandez, Ephrem, and Sheri L. Johnson. "Anger in psychological disorders: Prevalence, presentation, etiology and prognostic implications." Clinical psychology review 46 (2016): 124-135.
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