Drug and substance abuse Research Essay

198 views 2 pages ~ 439 words
Get a Custom Essay Writer Just For You!

Experts in this subject field are ready to write an original essay following your instructions to the dot!

Hire a Writer

Abuse of Drugs and Society

Abuse of drugs and other substances is a major social and public health issue that affects all societies in some manner. Drug abuse also contributes to a wide range of societal problems, including violence, addiction, homelessness, poverty, crime, and child abuse. Families are destroyed, and children suffer. Numerous criminological ideas fall into different categories and can be used to shed light on why people abuse drugs. The causes of drug abuse will be discussed in the paper, and the strategy that best explains why people abuse drugs will be chosen.

Sociological Theory and Drug Abuse

According to the sociological theory, drug abuse is caused by people's direct social surroundings. The theory argues that individuals who come from broken families or lack economic and social opportunities like education and jobs are more likely to abuse drugs. Other risk factors include poverty and poor parenting. The theory explains that people abuse drugs as a mechanism for coping with social and economic issues in their environment (University of Minnesota).

Psychological Theory and Drug Abuse

Psychological theory, on the other hand, explains that personality traits in people are the main cause of drug abuse in society. It argues that drug users normally have personality issues like poor self-esteem and the need for stimulation that exposes them to drug abuse (University of Minnesota).

Biological Theory and Drug Abuse

Lastly, the biological theory explains that drugs stimulate neurotransmitters in the brain called dopamine. Dopamine causes a feeling of euphoria in people that motivates them to use drugs each time, leading to drug abuse. There is also the genetic aspect which explains that children of drug abusers are more likely to abuse drugs due to the inheritable nature of that trait (University of Minnesota).

The Sociological Approach to Drug Abuse

The best approach that explains drug abuse is the sociological theory. Issues in people's environment like poverty and lack of jobs often cause emotional stress. As such, people begin looking for strategies to cope with the stressors, and that is why they resort to abusing drugs. Policies in the area of drug abuse should be geared towards reducing poverty, creating employment, and giving people social opportunities like education.

Solving the Problem of Drug Abuse

Policymakers can only solve the problem of drug abuse in society if they tackle the underlying issues explained in different criminological theories. The policies must address the issues of poverty, and psychological problems like poor self-esteem among many other social, biological, and psychological issues.


University of Minnesota. (n.d). Social problems: Continuity and Change. Retrieved Oct. 31, 2017, from http://open.lib.umn.edu/socialproblems/chapter/7-4-explaining-drug-use/

July 15, 2023



Learning Addiction

Number of pages


Number of words




Writer #



Expertise Substance Abuse
Verified writer

Clive2020 is an excellent writer who is an expert in Nursing and Healthcare. He has helped me earn the best grades with a theorists paper and the shadowing journal. Great job that always stands out!

Hire Writer

This sample could have been used by your fellow student... Get your own unique essay on any topic and submit it by the deadline.

Eliminate the stress of Research and Writing!

Hire one of our experts to create a completely original paper even in 3 hours!

Hire a Pro

Similar Categories