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Exploration of the universe has been going on for a long time, with one of the main goals being to find a livable habitat for humans in space other than Earth. In terms of explorations, a lot of probes and space ships have been dispatched into outer space to try to find such a desirable destination that will be similar to planet Earth. The intensive search bore fruit when NASA discovered the planet 'Gaea' in class M, located in a neighboring solar system. The planet has been determined to be habitable by humans. This makes the planet to be of great interest to scientist and in extension humanity on earth. Hence there has been the need for the scientists to try and identify where air masses are located globally on planet Gaea. Together with this the findings will be on the various geographical features of the planet.
The exploration of the neighboring solar system had started long time when the system was identified by our space exploration instrument. The planet Gaea was discovered to be in the habitable zone of the solar system and that is when interest for more exploration on the planet commenced. The following are the instruments that have been in use to find more information about the planet.
The instruments for exploration
Space Telescope: for exploration of distance objects from earth,
Cameras: used to take high resolution images on the surrounding and on the surface of cosmic bodies
Spectroscope: to learn more about the characteristics of the composition of different cosmic bodies.
Procedure for the exploration
The space telescope has been the critical instrument for the process of identifying and exploring the planet. The images captured by the telescope are sent to earth for analysis by the use of cameras and the spectroscope. This process has been focused on the identification of life supporting elements like air masses and traces of greenhouse gases.
The following were the various categories of findings about planet Gaea.
Air masses found on Gaea
The observation and analysis of the images from the space telescope and other related instruments gave a result of possible air masses on planet Gaea. They appeared as large volume of air in the atmosphere of the planet and they contained uniform moisture and temperature extending miles on the surface of the planet.
Figure 1: the air masses on planet Gaea
Cp + cA
cAA= continental Antarctic
Cp = Continental Polar
cT= continental Tropical
mP= maritime polar
mT= maritime tropical
mE= maritime equatorial
From the above figure representing planet Gaea, the air masses are as shown. The color variation of the air masses signifies their difference or similarity in terms of temperature and humidity. It can be see that on both the top and bottom parts of the map, the color coding are similar (purple), as they represent cold temperature similar to that of the earth characteristics. On the other hand the middle part of the map is mostly dominated by red color coding to represent hot temperature and high humidity similar to the situation on earth. The designation of the color coding is based on the common air pressure and temperature on the regions identified.
Figure 2: the major climate zones of Ecnarf
Warm oceanic climate
Humid subtropical climate
The above figure is a representation of the climatic regions of the Ecnarf continent. The allocation of the regions is on the basis of the temperature and humidity measurement as received from the exploration instruments. The cold climates are mostly on the upper and lower sides of the equatorial line. The equatorial climate is found along the equator and is characterized with heavy rainfall. The monsoon climate is along the mountain ranges. The warm oceanic climate is found on the land bordering the ocean. The humid subtropical climate is found on the mountain ranges but on the south of the region and it also has a lot of rainfall. The tropical savanna climate is found almost on the middle of the map and it seems to be having grassland vegetation.
Description of climate types
Table 1-6: the climographs
From the above tables 1through to 6, there are the climographs of the different climates found on the Ecnarf continent. The equatorial climate is seen to be having a lot of rainfall because of the high humidity and temperature that are essential for rainfall. The savanna climate has more rainfall towards December and declines towards April as the variation in temperature. The monsoon climate is having a lot of rainfall mid-year with fall in temperature. The warm oceanic climate is almost similar to monsoon climate. The humid subtropical is having constant rainfall and lastly, the cold climate is having high rainfall midyear with rising temperatures.
From the above results, it can be seen that planet Gaea is having different air masses. The air masses are stretching thousands of miles on the surface of the planet having similar temperature and humidity throughout their stretch. The continental Antarctic air masses are seen to have low temperatures as well as low humidity and they are found on the lower part of the planet. This is near the probable south pole and the temperature in the region is expected to be low. The continental polar air mass is on the north side of the continent and is characterized with low temperatures as well because of the position on the planet. The continental tropical is seen to be within what seem to be the tropical lines in the map of Gaea planet. They are characterized with high temperatures with high humidity.
The maritime polar air masses are just below the continental polar and above the continental tropical. They are seen to be along the tropical lines of the planet are expected to have average temperature and humidity. The maritime tropical air mass is almost a long the equator of the planet and this might be because of it shifting. Maritime equatorial seen to be above the equator of the planet and it can be because of it shifting as well.
Looking at the climate regions, they are located almost similar places as those on earth. For example the cold climates are both below and above the equatorial line that are expected to be cold. The equatorial and monsoon climates on the other hand are along the equator of the planet. This is because these regions are receiving more rainfall.
In conclusion, the above report on the air masses and climate on planet Gaea and continent Escarf respectively are showing that there are indicators of the existence of life on the planet. This therefore is a good indicator for the NASA team to send their probes for more information. Hence the probes can be sent on the regions of Escarf continent experiencing savanna climate first. This is because the region does not receive too much rain and the expected vegetation is grassland which will make it very easy for the probes to maneuver.
Mathew, Reeja. "Four Common Instruments Used In The Exploration Of Outer Space: Telescopes, Cameras, Spectroscopes & Robots." Bright Hub, 2017, http://www.brighthub.com/science/space/articles/99176.aspx.
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