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New unnamed space probe to be sent to investigate some object in our solar system
Space probes are gadgets that are sent to the solar system to gather scientific information. It is of great importance to note that space probes work in the absence of astronauts. The collocated data is sent back to the earth for examination, study, and analysis by the scientists. More often, probes are sent to scrutinize the properties of space, study planets, stars as well as galaxies (Bertone, Jäggi, Arnold, Beutler, & Mervart, 2015). With the growing technology, simple probes have transformed into sophisticated probes. These devices travel a longer distance to study arsenal features include that of the moon, planets, asteroids as well as comets. After the study, most probes do not return to the earth. They in turn land on the surface of planets and study them for quite sometimes (Bertone, Jäggi, Arnold, Beutler, & Mervart, 2015).
The new unnamed space probe proposed in this case is intended to go into Venus. Radio signals take about 8 minutes from earth to reach Venus. However, the time might shorter or longer depend on the position of the earth. Most noteworthy, it is of great importance to note that the proposed probed should be self-sufficient(Xu, Jin, Xu, Cui, & Han, 2018). That is to say, it must include a powerful motor to power it such as Siemens electric motors. Besides, the system ought to include outstanding communication devices to minimizes chances that the probe will fail to communicate once it is in the Venus. One of the major problems of solar system exploration is communications especially during times at which sun make the view of the Venus from the earth ambiguous(Xu, Jin, Xu, Cui, & Han, 2018). As a result, astronauts will not be in place observe what is happing in the space through the ground controllers and information captured by the space probes.
To curb this challenge, our system includes continuous thrusting propulsion system coupled with two space spacecraft. Moreover, the constant thrusting propulsion system is based on the continuous thrusting propulsion system. Such technology will allow the scientist to further explore the science behind the solar systems. Besides, it will significantly reduce the chances of communication blackout occurrence as it was in the case of previous solar probes (Wilkinson, 2016). Likewise, such a system is likely to collect the most reliable and accurate information about Venus and its properties. Most noteworthy, it will allow the astronomers to predict the causes and effect of the climatically changes. The main reason we propose system is to bring changes to the existing conventional ideas thus enabling change in the near further (Wilkinson, 2016).
There is much information that can be collected with this unnamed space probe. Only to mention but a few, they include information such as why does Venus have no rings or moons. Besides, this space probe is intended to answer why Venus is comparatively large as earth about 12,104 km in diameter. It is also meant to explore the major content of Venus and make a judgment based on the perception that it is made of Iron, rock mantle as well as silicate crust(Farian, Häfliger, & Leñero-Bardallo, 2015, June). Likewise, the space probe will examine why in the surface of Venus a day can last for about 117 Earth days. Moreover, it tries to examine why this planet has a year that lasts for 225 Earth days in comparison to 365 days of the earth. Most noteworthy, it checks Venus temperature and why it is that way? Also, examine what are the possible causes of such high temperatures of about 471 °C highest(Farian, Häfliger, & Leñero-Bardallo, 2015, June).
Additionally, this newly proposed probe is meant to explore major reasons why Venus rotate in the opposite direction relative to other planets. That is to say, Venus rotates in the opposite direction to that of the sun, commonly referred as retrograde rotation. There has been a misconception that this is due to collision with asteroid resulting in Venus changing its primary rotational path(Huan et al., 2015). Remarkably, Venus does not have natural satellites like other planets. It is our wish that the probe will be in place to examine this and give possible reasons why it so and of what significance. Additionally, this research aims to examine why Venus is the brightest of all and why its atmospheric pressure much higher than that of the earth is(Bertone, Jäggi, Arnold, Beutler, & Mervart, 2015).
Besides the communication systems, the probe will also include lightweight cameras, telescopes, environmental control, the computer subsystem, and communications, scientific instrumentation, power supply, guidance, control mechanisms, engineering control, structural platform, and propulsion system(Hippke, 2018). To begin with, the power supply dissipates regulated electrical power to keep the space probe energized. More often, the solar cell is used, and it transforms sun illumination that is readily available on the surface of the planets into electrical power. Besides solar power, nuclear power devices are also used to generate electrical energy that keeps the system powered. Secondly, the propulsion mechanism allows the space probe to move as neededfreely (Hippke, 2018). This movement can either be in a planet’s atmosphere or into space. Moreover, the movement is dependent on the set goals, missions and objectives of the study.
On the other hand, the attitude control systems permit the orientation of the probe to attain the specific purpose of the study. Besides, this system orient the engines in proper positions. Environmental control systems keep the temperature, radiation, pressure as well as the magnetic fields of the probe at the most desired level. This is to guarantee that the probe is working properly. Remarkably, the computer systems process the data, code, and stores the collected data for internal checking then maintenance(Farian, Häfliger, & Leñero-Bardallo, 2015, June). Likewise, the system times the programmed actions. The camera takes pictures of all the event taking place. Optical telescopes are used by astronomers to focus radio waves, X-rays and other electromagnetic radiation in space(Huan et al., 2015).
In addition to the above mention, the communication system receives and send data from the scientist in the earth. Also, it identifies signals allowing the crews to track the position of the probe in the space(Hippke, 2018). Most noteworthy, the engineering-instrumentation check the operations of the space probe and relay the information to the earth. The guide and control system detects the performance deviations and dispatches required demands. More importantly, the structural subsystem houses all components of the probe. Last most important, scientific-instrumentation undertakes all the experiments to accomplish certain mission specifications(Bertone, Jäggi, Arnold, Beutler, & Mervart, 2015). The proposed system is an orbiter fly around the system. This is because it will fly around the Venus planet to make the crucial observation. Generally speaking, it will act as a communication relay for experiments that will be done on space. This project is approximated to take approximately one year.
Bertone, S., Jäggi, A., Arnold, D., Beutler, G., &Mervart, L. (2015). Doppler Orbit Determination of Deep Space Probes by the Bernese GNSS Software: First Results of the Combined Orbit Determination from DSN and Inter-Satellite Ka-Band Data from the Grail Mission.
Farian, Ł., Häfliger, P., &Leñero-Bardallo, J. A. (2015, June). Miniaturized sun sensor with in-pixel processing for attitude determination of micro space probes. In Event-based Control, Communication, and Signal Processing (EBCCSP), 2015 International Conference on
(pp. 1-6). IEEE.
Hippke, M. (2018). Interstellar communication. I. Maximized data rate for lightweight space-probes. International Journal of Astrobiology, 1-13.
Huan, Z. H. O. U., Fengxian, T. O. N. G., Haitao, L. I., Weimin, Z. H. E. N. G., Guangliang, D. O. N. G., Peijia, L. I., &Fengchun, S. H. U. (2015). Relative Position Determination between Deep-space Probes Based on Same Beam Phase-referencing Imaging Technique. ActaGeodaeticaetCartographicaSinica, 44(6), 634-640.
Wilkinson, J. (2016). Space Probes and Telescopes. In The Solar System in Close-Up (pp. 25-46). Springer, Cham.
Xu, R., Jin, H., Xu, W., Cui, P., & Han, X. (2018). Effective search strategy via internal state transition graphs on onboard planning for deep space probes. ActaAstronautica, 148, 235-245.
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