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What is Orientalism? This essay will discuss what Orientalism is and how it is depicted. It is an aesthetic movement and a form of dehumanization. Its historical roots and current relevance are outlined. Orientalism is often the result of cultural exchanges between the Western world and Eastern cultures. Western artists, writers, and designers often make a point of depicting the Eastern world in a way that is culturally authentic and yet deceptive.
Orientalism is a system of thought
Orientalism is a political vision that emerged in the early twentieth century. It emerged from texts and studies by white men, largely Christian. Its ideological basis was the idea that the Arab and Islamic populations were illegitimate and inferior. By defining them in terms of this inferiority, they were then suppressed by the dominant Western culture. In the modern world, Orientalism has become a defining feature of cultural debate and political discourse.
Throughout the nineteenth century, orientalist discourses were negative and reinforced the hierarchy between East and West. Europeans, for example, were praised by missionary Jesuits in the eighteenth century, and yet their attitudes towards Asian peoples had already become a cynical, negative stereotype. During the colonial period, Orientalist discourses were designed to make Asians look backward and premodern.
It is a style of representation
The term "Orientalism" refers to a style of representation that originated in Ancient Greece and influenced the rest of European art in the centuries after the collapse of the Roman Empire. Its influence can be seen throughout European art, including Renaissance paintings and Baroque works. Throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the term "Orientalism" became an established theme and often focused on depictions of non-European lands, particularly the Arab world. Artists such as Jean-Leon Gerome and Eugene Delacroix depicted the Middle East as a foreign land full of exoticism and lassitude. In addition, stories of flying carpets and magic lamps circulated in the Western world.
The analysis of Orientalism is useful in detecting imperial cultural operations. Orientalism is associated with ideology, and the ideological nature of the representation itself is essential to this analysis. The powerful, supposedly benevolent power behind Orientalism's hegemony over the Orient has become the dominant representation. In many cases, this imagery is caricatured or stereotypical, depending on how'subject races' are portrayed.
It is a form of dehumanization
Orientalism has a long history, beginning with the 18th century, when a certain kind of thinking justified the colonization of Asia and Africa. That thinking, or Orientalism, has never gone away, as Edward Said points out. Historically, the United States has been a global power that has used Orientalism to define itself and its role in the world. During the nineteenth century, the United States used Orientalism as a means of establishing its role as an important colonizing power and a brand new empire ready to rule the world.
Orientalism was a form of cultural production that was dehumanizing to the Other. As the United States became increasingly familiar with Asia's political, economic, and cultural production, the Orient in American culture shifted from being an imaginary Other to an illusory identity. The concept of the "Orient" was no longer a product of mimetic representation, but a product of Western intellectual culture and imperialism, and Orientalism became a symptom of a broader cultural process.
It is an aesthetic movement
Orientalism is an aesthetic movement associated with a variety of cultural traditions and aesthetics. Its main goal is documentary realism, which emphasizes the exotic nature of the subject. Some artists chose to create paintings based on their own observations of actual cultures. The results, however, are often less than ideal. Here's an overview of the aesthetics and history of the movement. Read on to learn more about the movements behind these art styles.
Orientalism has a rich history. Its aesthetics evolved from the Turkish model, which was popular in nineteenth-century Europe. Its influence on fashion and decoration was widespread and far-reaching. While Europeans often adopted the Turkish model, women attempting to advance women's rights adopted Orientalism. The abolitionist and utopian Frances Wright was known for wearing Turkish trousers. She is one of the most important figures of Orientalism in history.
It is a form of domination
The concept of Orientalism is rooted in the notion that the Occident has a privileged position in the world. It is inseparably linked with the construction of knowledge about the Orient. Such knowledge allows the Occident to manage its'subject races' more easily and profitably. In this way, the more knowledge about the Orient, the more power it has. And this dialectic of knowledge and control has become a profitable one.
In his book Orientalism, Edward Said suggests that the myth of the Oriental has its roots in the dominance of Western politics in the Middle East and Asia. This dominance has enabled the West to exercise control over the affairs of the region. Orientalism has become a corporate institution in the United States, where the Arab Muslim occupies a central position in popular images and in the social sciences. In Said's work, Orientalism is a form of domination because it aims to assert Western political power over the Orient.
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