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Annotated bibliography on Immigration

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Illegal immigration is a developing global issue that must be resolved urgently. Following the immigration of migrants, economic problems in different parts of the world, and open borders, illicit and registered immigration is gaining traction, with major implications for host countries. It is important to do critical studies on the causes of immigration, future threats, and possible solutions. A scholarly investigation is needed to uncover the controversies surrounding the immigration debate. The media, legislatures, international community, and academics are all raising the same question: Is immigration creating social, economic, and political imbalances around the world? A concise discussion on this topic requires an annotated bibliography that will explain various scholars analysis Borjas, George J, and Richard Freeman. Immigration and the Work Force: Economic Consequences for the United States and Source Areas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992. Internet resource. pg.10-15
The author offers an insight into the overwhelming influence of immigration in the economy of the US and countries of origin of the immigrants. In fact, the author is critical on the mixed consequences associated with US labor force as a result of annual influx of immigrants. Technical gap and willingness to accept low wage is noted as characteristic of immigrant workers. The consequences are few job opportunities, strained resources and prospects of economic stagnation. The argument of the author is valid, precise and relevant to the crisis of immigration. The author concludes that the United States and source areas of the immigrants suffer overpopulation and brain drain respectively. In that regard, the world is steadily struggling with unemployment, poverty and uncertainty if no action is taken to address the root cause of uncontrolled immigration. Claims of the author also reflect the existing and potential problem Europe is facing over immigration.
Smith, James P. The New Americans: Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, D.C: National Acad. Press, 1997. Print. Pg.14-19
Smith puts emphasis on the multifaceted influence of immigration in an economy. The demographic changes that have occurred overtime in the US is on focus in this book. In fact, the author is keen point out that immigration is not an issue of today but has been accumulated over time. The developed world is threatened just like the third world where most immigrants originate. The author elicits public reaction by pointing at the past, present, and prospective fiscal adjustments that the US must contend with to accommodate the immigration pressure. According the author, the impacts of immigration is felt by the host communities as well due to cultural shocks, social costs and related negative externalities. The contribution of the author on the topic is precise, valid and relevant due to provided supportive evidence. The author uses logos as the rhetoric tool to justify argument and propositions against immigration.
Bansak, Cynthia, Nicole B. Simpson, and Madeline Zavodny. The Economics of Immigration. , 2015. Print.pg.45-8
The authors elevate the height of immigration controversy by introducing economics of immigration. According to this book, immigration has promoted socio-economic shifts that has seen developing world suffer brain drain. The ethos as a rhetoric tool is used in this text to emphasize the need to address immigration if progressive economic development is to be realized. The author explores the decision process that motivates immigrants, the budget adjustments that host governments have to sacrifice to accommodate immigrants. The analytical presentation of the cause-effect relationship between immigration and economic performance is well presented in this book. The book also uses qualitative data to inform the audience of the underlying variables that influence immigration. This book is relevant as it exhaustively discusses the issue of immigration in its present nature and the appropriate remedial measures that can effectively contain it. The book qualifies as a scholarly work that discusses the topic in depths.
Oliver Stuenkel.The Refugee Crisis Presents a Chance for Emerging Countries Like Brazil to Be Players.The New York Times. September 15, 2015, 6:49 AM
Oliver offers an encouraging opinion on the economic prospects from immigration. This is a counter argument against the persistent negative attitude towards immigrants. In essence, the contribution of this author is critical in complicating the controversy surrounding pro and anti-immigration factions. However, the author uses logos as a rhetorical tool to convince the reader that if well harnessed, immigration can yield desirable economic outcome. The author is generally pointing towards Brazil as an emerging economy due to immigrants’ contribution in its labor force. However, there is considerable criticism in this article’s position as far as the macro-economic variables and their relationship with immigration is concerned. The idea of refugees’ immigration presents a double pointed outcome. In fact, the article is skewed in favor of the cheap labor force while ignoring the cultural consequences and the concealed threat of terrorism. Nevertheless, the article is informative and insightful on the consequences of immigration on the counterargument point.
Dunn, Robert G. Identity Crises: A Social Critique of Postmodernity. Minneapolis [u.a.: Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1998. Print.pg.46-9
Dunn offers post-modern prospects of immigration. The imminent cultural shifts and its influence in global politics are at play in this book. The author uses logos to emphasize the inevitability of immigration. However, the book offers a critical discussion on possible mixed gains of immigration in global economic balance. In the source countries, there will be economic progress through remittance while the developed world can ease high wage bill. On the other front, the author reconciles past, present and future possibilities that are associated to immigration. The economic consequence is a function of cultural redesign, political realignments and the technology. The current immigration trend is a prediction of the unforeseen challenges in the future. The book is critical and substantive in its presentation of facts, propositions and inclusion of other scholars’ arguments. The book therefore qualify as a scholarly source that will be useful to help build on the topic of immigration.
LaFromboise, Teresa et al. "Psychological Impact Of Biculturalism: Evidence And Theory.". Psychological Bulletin, vol 114, no. 3, 1993, pp. 395-412. American Psychological Association (APA), doi:10.1037//0033-2909.114.3.395.
The journal explores the cultural aspect of immigration. Giving example of the cultural pluralism in the US, the author seeks to address the issue of immigration in terms of social construct of host nations. The arguments of the book are supported by past literature review from other scholars. In that respect, each claim is given an evident back up to satisfy the conscience and maximize understanding of the reader. In essence, the journal is critical and insightful in incorporating the cultural influences on economic progress of a country. While immigration is a reality, the cultural redesign it is creating is a source of conflict in most countries that is likely to explode to such ills like xenophobia. This is a peer reviewed journal that is valid, relevant and informative to contribute constructive debate on the controversy surrounding immigration and its impact on the world. The Journal uses logos to justify each claim presented towards the direction of immigration in global economy.
Held, David, et al. "Global Transformations." ReVision, vol. 22, no. 2, 1999, p. 7. Academic OneFile, Accessed 20 Mar. 2017.
This Journal provides an in-depth analysis of various social and economic variables that dictate the global transformation. Immigration appears as key indicator in the author’s analysis. In fact, the journal is emphatic on the input of immigration in economic performance shifts across the world. In a brief review of the effect of globalization, the author seeks to address the constant influence of immigration in the overall outcome of various micro and macro-economic policies. In essence, the journal is emphatic on the threat of uncontrolled immigration from cultural, political and economic perspectives. The prospects of increased conflicts are associated with immigration which will in turn destabilize economic transformation in developed and third world countries. The journal provides qualitative evidence that validates presented arguments and boosts its position against immigration. The author hints at need to embrace multicultural tolerance in this wake of globalization. The journal uses logos to convince the reader that immigration is a real crisis that need to be addressed.
Conclusion
It is important to undertake in-depth analysis of various economic progress variables to ascertain whether immigration is indeed a threat. In the latest media analysis, immigration and its association with terrorism, overpopulation and other social deviant activities is hotly debated. Institutional reforms are proposed against the backdrop of lacking political goodwill, power struggle and unstable global economy. It is imperative that intense research is undertaken to exhaustively discuss the alternative options available to address immigration.

Bibliography
Borjas, George J, and Richard Freeman. Immigration and the Work Force: Economic Consequences for the United States and Source Areas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992. Internet resource.
Smith, James P. The New Americans: Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration. Washington, D.C: National Acad. Press, 1997. Print.
Bansak, Cynthia, Nicole B. Simpson, and Madeline Zavodny. The Economics of Immigration. , 2015. Print.
Oliver Stuenkel.The Refugee Crisis Presents a Chance for Emerging Countries Like Brazil to Be Players.The New York Times. September 15, 2015, 6:49 AM
Retrieved on 20 March 2017 from: http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2015/09/15/what-can-countries-do-to-help-refugees-fleeing-to-europe/the-refugee-crisis-presents-a-chance-for-emerging-countries-like-brazil-to-be-players
Dunn, Robert G. Identity Crises: A Social Critique of Postmodernity. Minneapolis [u.a.: Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1998. Print.
LaFromboise, Teresa et al. "Psychological Impact Of Biculturalism: Evidence And Theory.". Psychological Bulletin, vol 114, no. 3, 1993, pp. 395-412. American Psychological Association (APA), doi:10.1037//0033-2909.114.3.395.
Retrieved on 20 March 2017 from: http://scholar.google.com/scholar_url?url=https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jennifer_Gerton/publication/14925756_Psychological_impact_of_biculturalism_Evidence_and_Theory/links/02e7e518d1f64dbf95000000.pdf&hl=en&sa=X&scisig=AAGBfm3e_Px4nrhVPWRmDGGf3oTcDTx6iA&nossl=1&oi=scholarr
Held, David, et al. "Global Transformations." ReVision, vol. 22, no. 2, 1999, p. 7. Academic OneFile, Accessed 20 Mar. 2017.
Retrieved on 20 March 2017 from: http://go.galegroup.com/ps/anonymous?id=GALE%7CA59085553&sid=googleScholar&v=2.1&it=r&linkaccess=fulltext&issn=02756935&p=AONE&sw=w&authCount=1&isAnonymousEntry=true

July 24, 2021
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