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The three literature reviews that follow aim to demonstrate the differences between Canada and the United States in terms of physician experience, patient safety concerns, and family physicians' attitudes toward their healthcare systems.
Three basic questions were posed to direct the thesis in a review article by Hayes, Hayes, and Dykstra (1993). The doctors were asked to rate their level of happiness based on their training, pay, and the quality of medicine they were able to practice. The sample consisted of 347 physicians from the United States who had graduated from Canadian medical schools and 355 Canadian doctors who had graduated from US medical schools (Hayes, Hayes, and Dykstra, p.11). The result in this study supported the hypothesis that most physicians would prefer working in the United States compared to Canada due to a high level of satisfaction with the healthcare system in the US.
According to a research conducted by Laric et al. (2009), two questions were addressed. The study wanted to know if the level of consumer's interest for privacy of info on healthcare can change due to the individual's characteristics such as age. (102). A sample of 225 students from both a Canadian university and a US university was involved. Out of the 225 students, 45 were from Canadian University and 180 from US University. The result both Canada and US, the age difference was a significant factor in determining how healthcare privacy is perceived. The older individuals were more concerned with the privacy of their healthcare information than young individuals. The finding confirmed the hypothesis that older people are more experienced with healthcare and are aware of the associated risks compared to the youth.
In the research article by Scanlan et al. (1996), a cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate how family physicians in Canada and the US evaluate their healthcare systems. The study sought to know whether there too many controls on the medical profession that may interfere the physicians from taking care of the patients. Also, the study wanted to understand if the income of the physicians at primary care level were too low while that of sub-special level too high. The sample of the survey included 300 family physicians in the U.S and a separate 300 physicians in Canada who were contacted through email (Scanlan et al., 836). The result of the study indicated that both Canadian and U.S family physicians experience high levels of satisfaction in most of their aspects of work.
Hayes, GJ, SC Hayes, and T Dykstra. "Physicians Who Have Practiced in Both the United States and Canada Compare the Systems." American Journal of Public Health. 83.11 (1993): 1544-8. Print.
Laric, M.V, D.A Pitta, and L.P Katsanis. "Consumer Concerns for Healthcare Information Privacy: a Comparison of Us and Canadian Perspectives." Research in Healthcare Financial Management. 12.1 (2009): 93-111. Print.
Scanlan, A, SJ Zyzanski, SA Flocke, KC Stange, and I Grava-Gubins. "A Comparison of Us and Canadian Family Physician Attitudes toward Their Respective Health-Care Systems." Medical Care. 34.8 (1996): 837-44. Print.
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