Chinese Female Education and Low Natality Rates in China Connection

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This study explores the possible connections between the decreasing birth rate in China and Chinese women's education. In the recent past, China has had very low birth rates, commonly known as fertility rates, and this abnormality has caused multiple population growth crises across the country. National tax economic uncertainty and inflation were among the most infamous implications of China's low fertility. Since children are smaller and smaller, hardly anyone is enrolled in schools. Nobody is able to graduate from those schools and participate in the workforce of the country. This has, in turn, greatly decreased the country’s GDP as well as revenues.

These crises have attracted much attention from scholars as well as national demographers who have conducted studies in a bid to come up with solutions to these problems. Most of these studies report that the enhancement of Chinese female education is the main cause factor of the declining birth rates. Others posit that the main cause factor is the One-Child Policy earlier imposed by the state. The purpose of this thesis is to clearly determine which factor is truly behind the declining natality in China. To achieve these results, the thesis conducts a quantitative research study using a survey questionnaire to collect data from the study respondents. The raw data is then analyzed with the help of the IBM SPSS software to generate descriptive statistics, correlation coefficients, as well as regression betas. The end results of the study reveal a strong correlation between female education and the low natality rates. Hence, the increment in Chinese female education is the push factor behind the declining natality and not the one-child policy.;


Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction
1.1 Background to the Study.
1.2 Significance of the Study.
1.3 Research Questions.
1.5 Study Hypotheses.
1.6 Methods.
1.7 Definition of Terms Used.
1.8 Structure of the Study.
Chapter 2. Literature Review.
2.1 Introduction.
2.2 Background on Female Education in China.
2.2 Low Natality Rates in China.
2.3 Connection between Chinese Female Education and its Low Natality Rates.
2.4 Reasons Attributable for the Correlation between China’s Low Natality Rates and Increasing Female Education.
2.4.1 Social Status Improvement.
2.4.2 Sibship size.
2.4.3 Rigid Family Planning Practices.
2.4.4 Too Many House Chores.
2.4.5 Delayed Marriages and Increased Divorce Rates.
2.5 Effects of Low Natality Rates on the Society.
2.5.1 Dysfunctional Society.
2.5.2 Economic Instability.
Chapter 3: Methodology.
3.1 Introduction.
3.2 Research Philosophy.
3.3 Research Approach.
3.4 Research Strategy.
3.5 Sampling Technique.
3.6 Data Collection Procedure.
3.7 Ethical Considerations.
Chapter 4: Findings and Discussion.
4.1 Introduction.
4.2 Analysis of Descriptive Statistics.
4.2.1 Age.
4.2.2 Education.
4.2.3 Occupation/ Hours Spent at the Workplace.
4.2.4 Number of Children One Has.
4.2.4 Marital Status.
4.2.5 Family Planning.
4.2.6 Too Many House Chores/ Responsibilities.
4.2.7 Family Resource Distribution.
4.2.8 Furthering Education.
4.2.9 Desire to Get More Children in the Future.
4.2.10 Would you say that the recent advancements in Chinese female education have contributed to the country’s low birth rates?
4.3 Correlation Analysis.
4.3.1 Purpose of Correlation Coefficients.
4.3.2 Relationship between Numbers of Children and Educational Level.
4.3.3 Relationship between Numbers of Children and Family Planning.
4.3.4 Relationship between Numbers of Children and Amount of Housework.
4.3.5 Relationship between Numbers of Children & Family Resource Distribution.
4.3.6 Testing the Significance of the Correlation Coefficients.
4.4 Regression Analysis.
Chapter 5.Conclusion.
5.1 Summary.
5.2 Research Questions.
5.2.1 Is there a relationship between Chinese female education and the declining natality rates in China?
5.2.2 If yes, what are the forces behind this relationship?
5.2.4 What is the effect on the community?
5.2.3 How best can this situation be improved?
5.3 Limitations to the Study.
5.4 Recommendations for Future Research.

May 04, 2022

Learning Identity Asia

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