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Obesity from another Angle.

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Obesity is characterized as possessing excess body fat and, for adults over the age of 35, having a BMI of more than 30. (DW and WP). Obesity should not be taken lightly like it is in today's culture. It is known as a chronic condition that can lead to other opportunistic diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, or hypertension.
Obesity is a difficult problem to overcome indefinitely. Obese people are more likely to rebound and it is much easier to recover the weight lost over a half-decade era. This chronic condition has plagued modern society with the United States of America having over two-thirds of its adult population as overweight or obese (Luppino, de Wit and Bouvy). Looking at it globally, the prevalence of obese individuals doubled from 1991 to 1998.

Obesity can be caused by diverse factors aside from the commonly known (genetics and overeating). Looking at it from a biological point of view, the human body needs a balance between caloric intake vs. the energy expenditure. Obesity comes about when the scales of this balance are tipped in favor of the caloric intake (S, D and C.). When the body takes in too many calories and does not metabolize it, weight is gained. In essence, obesity is majorly caused by physical inactivity and overeating.

However, there are other causes of obesity:

• Frequent eating- this cause is somewhat controversial. According to studies done, people who eat say four or five small quantity meals a day gain less weight when compared to those that eat only two or three large meals a day. These small meals give the body stable insulin levels instead of large meals that cause huge spies of insulin in the body.

• Some types of medication- there are some medications that are associated with weight gains like anticonvulsants, medications for diabetic individuals, antihistamines, medication for high blood pressure and antidepressants. It is always advisable to discuss the effects of such medication with one’s doctor before commencing medication.

• Hormones- this mostly affects women as most of them tend to add weight during menopause, pregnancies and when using oral contraceptives. The medicine field has however tried to take care of this by introducing low-dose estrogen pills.

• Diseases- there are some diseases that could lead to obesity like Cushing’s syndrome, hypothyroidism, polycystic ovary syndrome and insulin resistance.

• Eating too many simple carbohydrates- this can be explained through biology. Carbohydrates increase the body’s blood sugar levels which then stimulate insulin release. Insulin in the body promotes the growth of fat tissue manifesting as weight gain.

• Psychological factors- conditions like anxiety (Shateri, Shamsipour and Hoshyari) and high-stress levels can make one adopt unhealthy eating habits especially overeating.

By highlighting all these various causes of obesity, it is definite that one can get obese not only from genetics and overeating but also through other means. Some of the things that cause obesity are practices that we undertake daily without giving much consideration as to how they could contribute to obesity.

The modern society has found itself in a tough position with most vices and unhealthy practices being glamourized. There have been cases of death, drugs and other things being glamourized regardless of how wrong they are with obesity being one of them. Even though there are is no sufficient research on the matter, obesity is not seen as the chronic disease that it is (Rebecca L. Cook). People tend to overlook it and pass it on as something normal. To some extent, obesity affiliated with affluence. This notion in a way contributes to obesity being glamourized by society.

There are so many reasons as to why obesity should be treated as a dangerous health condition:

• Heart disease

• Hypertension

• Diabetes

• Insulin intolerance

These health conditions are life-threatening and could cost one their life. Taking the USA as an example, approximately 112,000 individuals die every year as a result of health implications of being obese (MCQUADE). Advanced obesity with a BMI of over 40 could mean a significant life expectancy decrease.

By looking at obesity through a different lens, it is obvious that there is more to this chronic condition than what is common knowledge. By highlighting the causes and health implications of obesity, it would be much easier to stop the modern society from glamourizing it.

Works Cited

DW, Haslam and James WP. "Obesity." Lancet (2005): 1197-1209. Print.

Luppino, FS, et al. "Overweight, obesity and depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies." Archives of General Psychiatry (2010): 220-229. Print.

MCQUADE, MIKE. "The New War on Obesity." 2017. Print.

Rebecca L. Cook, Nicholas J. O’Dwyer, Cheyne E. Donges, Helen M. Parker, Hoi Lun Cheng, Katharine S. Steinbeck, Eka P. Cox, Janet L. Franklin, Manohar L. Garg, Kieron B. Rooney, and Helen T. O’Connor. "Relationship between Obesity and Cognitive Function in Young Women: The Food, Mood and Mind Study." Journal of Obesity (2013): 1-11. Print.

S, Bleich, Cutler D and Murray C. "Why is the developed world obese?" Annu Rev Public Health (2008): 273-295. Print.

Shateri, Leila, et al. "The relationship between chronic pain and obesity: The mediating role of anxiety." World Family Medicine (2017): 96-102. Print.

July 24, 2021


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