Occupational, behavioral health

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Occupational, mental health is described as the promotion and preservation of a state of total well-being in any person at his or her job, allowing them to function productively. The condition encompasses not only the lack of illness, but also social, physical, and emotional well-being. Employers and managers also profit from having a mentally stable workplace. One of the practices that facilitate this well-being is risk management.
Firefighters and emergency response workers are often employed in dangerous conditions where their personal wellbeing is jeopardized. Their line of duty is dealing with stressful events. They are subjected to periods of low activity which then shift to periods of high activity in times of an emergency. They mainly work on rescuing people who have been involved in fatal incidents. Such situations have been linked to high psychological pressure and mental illness such as depression. Moreover, research has indicated that most but not all individuals who work in high-risk situations have been associated with mental stress and depression. The extreme impact of unmanaged occupational stress on these workers is suicide (Cook & Mitchell, 2013)

It is due to these effects that protective well-being of these workers is of great importance. Since their work puts them at higher risk of being affected mentally, then their well-being should be of primary concern. To begin with, these workers should be encouraged to talk to each other. Talking to others who have gone through the same experience can make the impact lesser on each one of them. More to that, they can also talk to a professional for counseling. It is also important to train some employees to identify signs of mental illness in others. In such situations, it is possible to help any employee before it gets out of hand.

Question seven

Established policies are of importance when it comes to responding to emergency situations. They outline the procedures to be followed for the optimal safety of those involved. As a matter of fact, these procedures guide the units responding to an emergency on how to respond, operate as well as the return from an emergency. Establishing and following these procedures is aimed at ensuring that no incidents occur during emergency response. Moreover, the policies ensure that firefighters and responders have safety standards to adhere and follow. Some of the issues that should be addressed in the policies include, following road signs and signals, use of safety belts at all times, observing crossing points on railroads, interaction with school buses as well as handling violent incidents at the least. Notably, these procedures should be written down and enforced for all employees to understand and strictly obey.

Standard operating procedures are ways that have been put in place by emergency responding organization to ensure that the response is conducted in the most efficient, effective and professional way possible. They provide a guideline on the type of equipment to be used as well as the duties to be carried out by all crews. These procedures are also used as training guidelines for new employees in some organizations. Moreover, they prevent death or injuries by prohibiting some actions during a response (Zimmerman, 2014).

As an example, an organization can require that a crew should always have a rope bag when working on a rooftop. Such procedure is to ensure that in the case of an emergency, the crew would have a means of escape from that roof. In such a situation, no crew would be allowed to the rooftop without the rope. On the other hand, if it is discovered that a crew was on the roof without the rope, disciplinary actions should be taken against him. Since these procedures and guidelines are required to be mandatory, strong words should be used when enforcing them. The main purpose of these standards is to ensure the safety of the emergency crew or other individuals when responding to an emergency situation.


Cook, B., & Mitchell, W. (2013). Occupational health effects for firefighters: The extent and implications of physical and psychological injuries (p. iii-vii).

Zimmerman, D. (2014). Fire fighter safety and survival (2nd ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.

September 21, 2021

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